Clostridium Difficile Infectious Diarrhea. (CDI) Infection Prevention Learning Module Prepared by Infection Prevention and Control Services Vancouver Island Health Authority. Infectious Diarrhea.
Infection Prevention Learning Module
Prepared by Infection Prevention and Control Services
Vancouver Island Health Authority
There are many pathogens responsible for causing diarrhea illness in humans. Of concern to health care facilities are:
The most contagious of these is Norovirus but the one most likely to cause serious and long lasting disease in hospitalized patients is C. difficile !
Clostridium difficile is a gram positive spore forming bacillus that lives in the intestinal tract of healthy people
C. Difficile is also found in soil, water and animal feces
Symptoms of CDAD can include:
Diarrhea can lead to serious complications, including dehydration, loss of bowel tissue function, toxic megacolon and death.
People at greatest risk for infection have:
People are exposed to C. difficile Contaminated Environmental Surfaces/fomites
Incidence of CDAD infections has been on the rise in Canadian Acute Care facilities
The following strategies have been shown to reduce the incidence of healthcare associated C. difficile colitis infections (CDI)
2. Patient Placement
Patient/resident to use dedicated commode or toilet
3. Laboratory Confirmation
4. Infection Control Interventions
Patients may be out of room for ambulation provided:
New references needed! - dc