Conflict Theory and Deviance

Conflict Theory and Deviance PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Deviance in Industrial Societies. According to the conflict perspective deviance in an industrial society is behavior that those in power see as threatening to their interestsThose who are rich or have power use their positions to determine which acts are deviant and how deviants are punished. Def

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Conflict Theory and Deviance

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1. Conflict Theory and Deviance Unit 4 Deviance

2. Deviance in Industrial Societies According to the conflict perspective deviance in an industrial society is behavior that those in power see as threatening to their interests Those who are rich or have power use their positions to determine which acts are deviant and how deviants are punished

3. Defending itself against Deviants Steven Spitzer proposed basic ways that culture in an industrial society protects itself Critics of an industrial society are deviant because their beliefs challenge its economic, political and social basis Because an industrial society requires willing workforce, those who aren’t willing are deviant Those who threaten private property, especially that belonging to the rich are targets for punishment People who show a lack of respect for authority are deviants Activities that promote values are okay (violent sports encourage competition)

4. Race, Ethnicity and Crime The relationship between minorities and the judicial system is another way to view deviance according to the conflict perspective Conflict perspective believes that minorities receive unequal treatment in the US criminal justice system Statistics show that African Americans and Latinos are treated more harshly than whites Even for the same offense, minorities are more likely to be convicted than whites and serve longer time than whites

5. Minority Statistics Blacks comprise 12% of total US population 43% of the people on death row are black In an interracial murder, the black is 13 times more likely to be sentenced to death than the white person About 50% of all homicide victims in the US are blacks Most people on death row are there for killing a white person

6. Why are minorities treated different? The conflict theory proposes several reasons for why there are differences in treatment Minorities do not usually have the financial resources to buy good legal representation, therefore not getting favorable trial outcomes Crimes against whites are punished more severely than crimes against minorities (minority interests are seen as less important than white interests) Victim discounting: a process of reducing the seriousness of the crimes that injure people of a lower status (social class) If the victim is seen as less valuable, the crime is less serious, and the penalty less serious

7. White Collar Crime White-collar crime: any crime committed by a respectable, high-status person in the course of their occupation Economic Crimes including: price fixing, insider trading, illegal rebates, embezzlement, bribery, & tax evasion It is stated that lower class people commit “crimes of the streets” versus upper class who commit “crimes of the suites”

8. The Costs of High Collar Crime According to the US Justice Department, the cost of white collar crimes are 18 times more than other crimes. Illegal working environments account for over 1/3 of work related deaths (toxic chemical for example) 5 times more people die each year in an unsafe work environment than are murdered on the streets

9. Punishment of White-collar crime Most white collar crimes are punished less severely than street crime. In most cases the person receives probation They are less likely to serve time, if they do it is shorter sentences in minimum security prisons

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