EHKAME MAYYIT. SALAAT-E-MAYYIT. It is Wajib to pray Salaate Mayyit for a dead Muslim who is 6 years or older. It is Mustahab to pray the Salaat for a child younger than 6 years. It is greatly rewardable (Thawaab) to join this prayer. RELEVANT RULES.
The body should be placed so that the HEAD OF THE BODY IS ON THE RIGHT HAND SIDE
of those who offer the prayer and they must be standing close to the corpse.
Imam to stand here if dead person is female
Imam to stand here if dead person is male
All standing as close as possible to each other
In the case of a male deceased, the person praying alone (Furada) or as an Imam, should stand in front of the middle part of the body, if the deceased is a female, the person praying should stand in front of her chest – MUSTAHAB ACTION
MUSTAHAB ACTIONS FOR SALAAT-E-MAYYIT
If possible, the prayer should be said with Wudhu, Ghusl or Tayammum as necessary.
The person praying should be bare-footed.
When saying a Takbir, one should raise his hands.
The prayer should be said in congregation.
The person leading the prayer (Imam-e-Jamaat) should say all the Takbirs and Dua's loudly, and others should say them in a low tone.
Before the prayer, "AS-SALAH" should be said aloud 3 times.
METHOD OF PRAYING SALAAT-E-MAYYIT
I am praying Salaate Mayyit for this corpse, Wajib Qurbatan Ilallah
Ash-Hadu Al-Laa Ilaha Illallahu (Wah Da Huu La Sharika Lah) Wa Anna Muhammadur-Rasoolullah
Allahumma Swalli 'Ala Muhammadin Wa Aali Muhammad
Allahummaghfir Li Haazal Mayyit [For Man];&Allahummaghfir Li Haazihil Mayyit [For Woman]
Allahummaghfir Lil Mu'mineena Wal Mu'minaat
Rabbana Aatina Fid-Dunya Hasanatanw Wa Fil- Akhirati Hasanatanw Waqina Azaban-Naar.
CARRYING THE DEAD BODY
It is Mustahab for 4 people to place the four corners of the Janaza on their shoulders while carrying it towards the graveyard.
It is also Mustahab to start bearing the Janaza from the side where the right hand shoulder of the corpse lies, and to continue in an anti-clockwise direction. The bearers should not move across the front of the Janaza or underneath it.
Place body on this shoulder
The body must be placed in the grave such that its right side touches the ground
The whole front portion of the body is facing Quiblah.
In places where coffins have to be used, then similar rules apply.
BURIAL FOR MALE
The body should be placed on the ground some feet away from the grave.
The Janaza should then be raised and placed on the ground again.
…………..each time bringing it closer to the grave before finally resting it in the grave.
Body to be entered from here, head first
BURIAL FOR FEMALE
The body should first be placed at the side of the grave and then …………………..
Body to enter grave all at once from here
WHILE LAYING THE BODY INTO THE GRAVE, IT SHOULD BE SHIELDED FROM THE VIEW OF ONLOOKERS WITH A PIECE OF CLOTH.
Thrust fingers into the grave so that finger marks remain in it (Tanzeel)
Pour water on grave
Surface should be formed into a rectangle
Raise grave by 10cm & put a sign on it
After the people leave the grave, one of the deceased's relatives (Waaris) or one who is authorized by the guardian of the deceased should read Talqeen again on the grave.