The Great City. Chapter 18. The Urbanization of America. Migration from the Countryside to U rban Centers dominated American life This was the case all over the world as it became more industrialized. The Lure of the City. Urban population increased by 7 times from 1863-1913
Why did people live in cities?
1890—87% of Chicago were foreign born, 80% of New York, 84% of Milwaukee and Detroit
New York had more Irish than Dublin and more Germans than Hamburg
Cities were extremely racially and culturally diverse
This was both strength and weakness of cities
Cities stood in contrast: the poor were VERY poor, the rich were VERY rich
Small middle class
Cities struggled with how to keep the poor and wealthy separated
Giant “have everything” destination stores
Offered a wide range of diverse products—bras and guns
Created a shopping atmosphere of excitement
Made shopping an activity and glamorous
Large quantities of goods lowered prices
A popular style of journalism that was popular in the early 1900’s that used a sensational, lurid style of reporting.
Authors like Stephen Crane and Theodore Dreiser wrote very popular novels about the mistreatment of the poor in urban industrial society.
Artists began painting realistic scenes of ordinary life