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Preventing Loss of Control Accidents. Special Emphasis Area. www.FAASafety.gov/Standdown. GA Joint Steering Committee. Homebuilt. Turbine. Recip Non-Homebuilt. GA Fatal Accidents, 2001-2010. GA Joint Steering Committee. LOC-I Accidents ≈ 3 x CFIT Accidents!.

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Preventing

Loss of Control

Accidents


Special Emphasis Area

www.FAASafety.gov/Standdown


GA Joint Steering Committee

Homebuilt

Turbine

Recip Non-Homebuilt

GA Fatal Accidents, 2001-2010


GA Joint Steering Committee

LOC-I Accidents ≈ 3 x CFIT Accidents!

LOC-I > CFIT + SCF-PP + LALT + OTHR + UNK

GA Fatal Accidents, 2001-2010


GA Joint Steering Committee

Drill Down: LOC-I by Phase of Flight

GA Fatal Accidents, 2001-2010


Loss of Control Working Group

Detailed Implementation Plans

  • Transition Training & Type Clubs

  • Stabilized Approaches & Landings

  • Risk-Based Flight Reviews

  • Single-Pilot CRM

  • Aeronautical Decision-Making (ADM)

  • Angle of Attack Systems


Discussion

Transition training is not uniformly applied, leading to accidents resulting from unfamiliarity with the airframe and/or equipment.

— What is your approach to transition training, and how might type club resources be used?


Discussion

Emphasize stabilized approaches under scenarios that include wind, botched landings, and go-arounds.

— What techniques do you use when teaching stabilized approaches under varying conditions?


Discussion

Incorporate a special emphasis area into flight reviews to address regional and national safety concerns.

— What are some considerations that should go into the formulation of a flight review syllabus?


Discussion

Incorporate a special emphasis area into flight reviews to address regional and national safety concerns.

— What local safety issues do you cover during flight reviews, and how are they presented?


Discussion

Increase the GA community’s awareness of best practices regarding single-pilot CRM operational techniques.

— How do you see CRM concepts improving safety during single-pilot operations?


Discussion

Increase the GA community’s awareness of best practices regarding single-pilot CRM operational techniques.

— What techniques do you pass on to improve a pilot’s cockpit resource management?


Discussion

Focus on ADM in preflight planning and the use of Flight Risk Assessment Tools (FRATs).

— When and how do you introduce ADM concepts into flight training?


Discussion

Focus on ADM in preflight planning and the use of Flight Risk Assessment Tools (FRATs).

— What types of scenarios do you use to evaluate a pilot’s decision-making ability?


Discussion

— What risk assessment tools have you found to be effective with trainees?


Discussion

Incorporate AOA education into training at all levels; encourage installation and use of AOA systems for improved awareness of stall margin.

— How do you translate classroom discussions about AOA into real world flying scenarios?


Discussion

Recall that fatal inflight loss of control occurs most often during the maneuvering phase, that is, while performing a turn of some kind.


Discussion

874 pilots were asked, “What is the primary control surface you use when turning an airplane?”*

  • 63% responded Aileron

  • 23% responded Rudder

  • 14% responded Elevator

* Surveys during LOC webinars by R. Stowell, 2012-13


Discussion

The FAA’s Airplane Flying Handbook unequivocally and correctly states:

Confusion over control usage while maneuvering can contribute to LOC-I


Discussion

— How do you teach turn dynamics vis-à-vis AOA, airspeed, G-load, and energy state awareness?

Graphic: Emergency Maneuver Training, R. Stowell, p. 53


Discussion

— How can the info on a V-G diagram be used to teach AOA awareness?

Typical V-G Diagram, Utility Category, FAA-H-8083-25A (PHAK), p. 4-33


Discussion

— How do/might you integrate the use of AOA displays into training?


Review

Loss of Control-Inflight (LOC-I) results from situations in which the pilot should have either maintained or regained control of the aircraft, but did not.

LOC-I remains by far the top occurrence category for fatal accidents in general aviation and is a special emphasis area for the FAA.


The magnitude of the LOC-I problem

Maneuvering as a critical phase for LOC-I

Placing special emphasis on LOC-I awareness and prevention during training

Summary

During this forum, we discussed:


Areas where instructors can have a direct and immediate impact on LOC-I education:

Transition Training

Approaches & Landings

Risk-Based Flight Reviews

Single-Pilot CRM and ADM

AOA Awareness, esp. while Maneuvering

Summary

During this forum, we discussed:


This presentation would not have been possible without the generous help and support of the following:

Your Forum Facilitator

FAA Safety Teamwww.FAASafety.gov

SAFEwww.SafePilots.org

Rich Stowell, MCFI-Awww.RichStowell.com

Created August 2013


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