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Preventing Loss of Control Accidents. Special Emphasis Area. www.FAASafety.gov/Standdown. GA Joint Steering Committee. Homebuilt. Turbine. Recip Non-Homebuilt. GA Fatal Accidents, 2001-2010. GA Joint Steering Committee. LOC-I Accidents ≈ 3 x CFIT Accidents!.

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Preventing Loss of Control Accidents

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Preventing loss of control accidents

Preventing

Loss of Control

Accidents


Preventing loss of control accidents

Special Emphasis Area

www.FAASafety.gov/Standdown


Preventing loss of control accidents

GA Joint Steering Committee

Homebuilt

Turbine

Recip Non-Homebuilt

GA Fatal Accidents, 2001-2010


Preventing loss of control accidents

GA Joint Steering Committee

LOC-I Accidents ≈ 3 x CFIT Accidents!

LOC-I > CFIT + SCF-PP + LALT + OTHR + UNK

GA Fatal Accidents, 2001-2010


Preventing loss of control accidents

GA Joint Steering Committee

Drill Down: LOC-I by Phase of Flight

GA Fatal Accidents, 2001-2010


Preventing loss of control accidents

Loss of Control Working Group

Detailed Implementation Plans

  • Transition Training & Type Clubs

  • Stabilized Approaches & Landings

  • Risk-Based Flight Reviews

  • Single-Pilot CRM

  • Aeronautical Decision-Making (ADM)

  • Angle of Attack Systems


Preventing loss of control accidents

Discussion

Transition training is not uniformly applied, leading to accidents resulting from unfamiliarity with the airframe and/or equipment.

— What is your approach to transition training, and how might type club resources be used?


Preventing loss of control accidents

Discussion

Emphasize stabilized approaches under scenarios that include wind, botched landings, and go-arounds.

— What techniques do you use when teaching stabilized approaches under varying conditions?


Preventing loss of control accidents

Discussion

Incorporate a special emphasis area into flight reviews to address regional and national safety concerns.

— What are some considerations that should go into the formulation of a flight review syllabus?


Preventing loss of control accidents

Discussion

Incorporate a special emphasis area into flight reviews to address regional and national safety concerns.

— What local safety issues do you cover during flight reviews, and how are they presented?


Preventing loss of control accidents

Discussion

Increase the GA community’s awareness of best practices regarding single-pilot CRM operational techniques.

— How do you see CRM concepts improving safety during single-pilot operations?


Preventing loss of control accidents

Discussion

Increase the GA community’s awareness of best practices regarding single-pilot CRM operational techniques.

— What techniques do you pass on to improve a pilot’s cockpit resource management?


Preventing loss of control accidents

Discussion

Focus on ADM in preflight planning and the use of Flight Risk Assessment Tools (FRATs).

— When and how do you introduce ADM concepts into flight training?


Preventing loss of control accidents

Discussion

Focus on ADM in preflight planning and the use of Flight Risk Assessment Tools (FRATs).

— What types of scenarios do you use to evaluate a pilot’s decision-making ability?


Preventing loss of control accidents

Discussion

— What risk assessment tools have you found to be effective with trainees?


Preventing loss of control accidents

Discussion

Incorporate AOA education into training at all levels; encourage installation and use of AOA systems for improved awareness of stall margin.

— How do you translate classroom discussions about AOA into real world flying scenarios?


Preventing loss of control accidents

Discussion

Recall that fatal inflight loss of control occurs most often during the maneuvering phase, that is, while performing a turn of some kind.


Preventing loss of control accidents

Discussion

874 pilots were asked, “What is the primary control surface you use when turning an airplane?”*

  • 63% responded Aileron

  • 23% responded Rudder

  • 14% responded Elevator

* Surveys during LOC webinars by R. Stowell, 2012-13


Preventing loss of control accidents

Discussion

The FAA’s Airplane Flying Handbook unequivocally and correctly states:

Confusion over control usage while maneuvering can contribute to LOC-I


Preventing loss of control accidents

Discussion

— How do you teach turn dynamics vis-à-vis AOA, airspeed, G-load, and energy state awareness?

Graphic: Emergency Maneuver Training, R. Stowell, p. 53


Preventing loss of control accidents

Discussion

— How can the info on a V-G diagram be used to teach AOA awareness?

Typical V-G Diagram, Utility Category, FAA-H-8083-25A (PHAK), p. 4-33


Preventing loss of control accidents

Discussion

— How do/might you integrate the use of AOA displays into training?


Preventing loss of control accidents

Review

Loss of Control-Inflight (LOC-I) results from situations in which the pilot should have either maintained or regained control of the aircraft, but did not.

LOC-I remains by far the top occurrence category for fatal accidents in general aviation and is a special emphasis area for the FAA.


Preventing loss of control accidents

The magnitude of the LOC-I problem

Maneuvering as a critical phase for LOC-I

Placing special emphasis on LOC-I awareness and prevention during training

Summary

During this forum, we discussed:


Preventing loss of control accidents

Areas where instructors can have a direct and immediate impact on LOC-I education:

Transition Training

Approaches & Landings

Risk-Based Flight Reviews

Single-Pilot CRM and ADM

AOA Awareness, esp. while Maneuvering

Summary

During this forum, we discussed:


Preventing loss of control accidents

This presentation would not have been possible without the generous help and support of the following:

Your Forum Facilitator

FAA Safety Teamwww.FAASafety.gov

SAFEwww.SafePilots.org

Rich Stowell, MCFI-Awww.RichStowell.com

Created August 2013


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