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The State Of Black Children And Families: Black Perspectives on What Black Children Face & What the Future Holds PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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HART. RESEARCH. A. S. S. O. C. I. A. T. E. S. The State Of Black Children And Families: Black Perspectives on What Black Children Face & What the Future Holds.

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The State Of Black Children And Families: Black Perspectives on What Black Children Face & What the Future Holds

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HART

RESEARCH

A

S

S

O

C

I

A

T

E

S

The State Of Black Children And Families:

Black Perspectives on What Black Children Face & What the Future Holds

Key findings from qualitative and quantitative researchamong adults, caregivers, children, national and community leadersConducted November – December 2010for


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Methodology

  • Nationwide survey among 801 Black adults, including 475 caregivers, conducted November 10 – 23, 2010

  • Nationwide survey among 403 Black children ages 11 to 17, conducted November 10 – December 2, 2010

  • Nine focus group discussions

    • Four focus groups in Washington, DC, November 29 – 30, 2010

      • Middle-income parents and caregivers

      • Low-income parents and caregivers

      • Children ages 11 to 14

      • Children ages 15 to 17

    • Three focus groups in Memphis, TN, December 4, 2010

      • Parents and caregivers

      • Children ages 11 to 14

      • Children ages 15 to 17

    • Two telephone focus groups among national Black leaders and activists


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Very good times Okay times Tough times Really bad times

Easier todayHarder todayAbout the same, depends, not sure

Adults & Caregivers See Tough Times For Black Children

How are things going in the country these days for Black children?

Is it easier or harder to be a Black child today, compared with how things were for parents’ generation?

72%

69%

25%

24%

All Adults

Caregivers

All Adults

Caregivers


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Very few

Just some

Most

Nearly all

Things have improved for:

Most Adults And Caregivers See Improvements For Just A Minority Of Black Children

Compared to 15 years ago, have things improved for Black children?

Key Subgroups

69%

66%

All/Most

34%29%

29%25%

26%36%27%

27%33%24%

29%31%24%23%

Just Some/Very Few

59%67%

67%72%

67%60%71%

69%65%70%

67%64%70%69%

Men age 18 to 49Men age 50/over

Women age 18 to 49Women age 50/over

High school/less educSome collegeCollege graduates

Under $20K income$20K to $50K incomeOver $50K income

NortheastSouthMidwestWest

29%

29%

All Adults

Caregivers


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Things have improved

Things have stayed the same

Things have gotten worse

Most Think Conditions Have Stayed The Same Or Worsened For Both Middle- And Low-Income Black Children

Compared to 15 years ago, what is the situation for THESE Black children?

Middle-Class Children

Poor/Low-Income Children

All Adults

Caregivers

All Adults

Caregivers


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Easier

61%64%

67%57%

60%66%

Harder

34%34%

30%39%

37%31%

BoysGirls

Age 11-14Age 15-17

$30K/lessOver $30K

Youthful Optimism Shows In Expectations For Young People’s Future As Adults

Thinking 15 to 20 years ahead, when today’s Black youth/you are adults, do you think things will be easier or harder than for Black adults today?

Children

All Adults

Thingswill be easier

Thingswill be harder

Thingswill be easier

Things will be harder

About same/depends/not sure

About same/depends/not sure


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High Imprisonment Rates, Unemployment Cited As Most Serious Problems

All Adults Saying Each is a VERY Serious Problem in their Community

Large number of Black boys & men in prison

Unemployment

Drugs

Parents not taking respon-sibility for their children

Teenage pregnancy

Violence

Loss of moral and religious values

Presence of guns

Poorly performing schools

Disrespect or mistreatment of Black women and girls

Child abuse

Racial and ethnic tension


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Almost all/most

About half

Less than half/very few

Adults & Caregivers Think Racial Injustices Remain Likely For Many Black Youth

Proportion of Black children who will experience each of the following:

Racial profiling by police/other law enforcement

All adults

Caregivers

Denial of important opportunities because of racial prejudice

All adults

Caregivers

Serve time in jail

All adults

Caregivers

50%


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Drugs, Dropping Out, Serving Time, Top The List Of Serious Problems For Children

% CHILDREN saying each is a VERY serious problem for the Black children they know

Drugs

Dropping out of school

Ending up in prison

Involvement with gangs

Neighborhood violence, including drug violence

Too many youths having guns

Involvement with people who are bad influence

Living in dangerous neighborhood

Seven in 10 children say violence is the number-one or a very important problem for young Black people today.


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Additional Problems Black Young People Face

% CHILDREN saying each is a VERY serious problem for the Black children they know

Violence in school

Not having safe/clean places to play, hang out

Racial profiling by police, law enforcement

Treated unfairly because of race

Difficult family life

Dating violence

Not enough to do outside of school


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Additional Problems Raised In Focus Groups

  • Economic Isolation, Lack of Jobs

  • Cultural Isolation

  • Fractured Black Communities and Families

    • Lack of moral and religious values

    • Lack of community standards

    • Teen pregnancy

    • Absent fathers

  • Splintering Larger Black Community


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Improving Conditions For Black Children Starts At Home

Which group is letting Black children down the most?

Which group could do the most to make a positive difference on the problems of Black youth?

Parents

Government

Schools

Local Black community leaders/groups

Churches

Business leaders

National Black leaders

Grandparents

Parents

Grandparents

Churches

Local Black community leaders/groups

Schools

Government

National Black leaders

Business leaders


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Staying Engaged/Spending Time With Child Most Important Things Adults Can Do

What are the best things a parent or individual Black adult can do to help a Black child, make a positive difference?

AllAdults

31%

17%

14%

12%

11%

7%

7%

Care-givers

35%

17%

13%

12%

12%

10%

7%

Child-ren

25%

15%

13%

12%

11%

10%

8%

7%

Talk to them, be involved, spend time, communicate

Instill good morals, values, teach right from wrong

Love/encourage, let them know you care/are there

Be a good role model, walk the talk

Keep them in school, ensure they get good education

Help, assist, support

Take the time to listen,understand

Talk to them, be involved, spend time, communicate

Help, assist, support

Take the time to listen,understand

Teach right from wrong, how to be a good person

Be a good role model

Love/encourage, let them know you care/are there

Help with homework, be involved in education

Pay attention to what they do


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Getting From Here To Where We Need To Be

  • Structural/Institutional Changes

    • Improving public schools so they are safe places that prepare our children for the future

    • Criminal justice reforms

    • Economic development and job creation in Black communities

  • Community Challenges

    • Healing Black families (connect Black fathers to their families and children, address teen pregnancy)

    • Reconnecting the Black community

    • Addressing the impact of multiple generations of economic and social isolation for some communities

  • Building A Movement

    • Connecting Black leaders, academics, and activists to the work on the ground

    • Developing a comprehensive strategy (The Black Marshall Plan)

    • Building support and mobilizing Black Americans


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