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Levels of health care . Dr Mirza Inam ul haq Year one . Health care philosophies .

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Levels of health care

Dr Mirza Inam ul haq

Year one


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Health care philosophies

  • Health care is defined as multitude of the services rendered to the individuals ,families, community by the agent of the health services, for the purpose of promoting ,maintenance, monitoring and restoration of health


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Health

  • The state of perfect functioning of the body is the positive health


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Spectrum of the health

  • Positive health

  • Better health

  • Freedom from sickness

  • Unrecognized sickness

  • Mild

  • Severe

  • Death


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Health care

  • Includes general care and medical care

  • Must be appropriate

  • Comprehensive

  • Adequate

  • Available

  • Accessible

  • Affordable


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Health system

  • It constitute the delivery of health services

  • Involves Policy

  • Management

  • Planning

  • Resources

  • Action


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Components of health care

  • Concepts

    • Health and Disease

    • Ideas

      • Coverage,equity ,effectiveness

      • objects

        • Hospitals,THQ,RHC,BHU,Dispensaries

          • Persons

          • Consumer and providers


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Levels of health care

  • Primary health care

    • First level of contact between the individuals and the health system


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LEVELS OF PREVENTION

1. Primordial Prevention

  • Prevention of emergence or development of risk factors in chronic diseases

    2. Primary Prevention

  • Health Promotion

  • Specific Protection

    3. Secondary Prevention

  • Early Diagnosis & Treatment

    4. Tertiary Prevention

  • Disability Limitation

  • Rehabilitation


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Secondary health care

  • This care involves curative services and is given by the district hospitals

  • Referral for first level


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Tertiary care

  • This care involves super specialist care

  • Provided at the central or regional level

  • Referral for secondary level


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Responsibility of health

  • Individuals

  • Community

  • State

  • International




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