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Forrest Gump is regarded as a contemporary American cultural classic. Through three turbulent decades of his life, what major political and cultural events and celebrities in contemporary American history has Forrest experienced and met?. Timeline of Historical Events and celebrities:

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Timeline of Historical Events and celebrities: Ku Klux Klan (first organized in 1866 )

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Timeline of historical events and celebrities ku klux klan first organized in 1866

  • Forrest Gump is regarded as a contemporary American cultural classic. Through three turbulent decades of his life, what major political and cultural events and celebrities in contemporary American history has Forrest experienced and met?


Timeline of historical events and celebrities ku klux klan first organized in 1866

Timeline of Historical Events and celebrities:

  • Ku Klux Klan (first organized in 1866 )

  • Elvis Presley (The King or The King of Rock’n’Roll/The Hillbilly Cat )

  • Desegregation of the University of Alabama/

    George Wallace (Civil Rights Movement/Negro Revolution)

  • President Kennedy /Assassination of JFKAssassination of RFK

  • Bob Dylan /Blowing in the Wind

  • Vietnam War


Timeline of historical events and celebrities ku klux klan first organized in 1866

  • Lieutenant Dan’s Family Background

    (American Revolution/American Civil War/World War I/World War II)

    8. President Johnson

    9. Black Panthers

    10. The Landing of Apollo 11 on the moon

    11. Ping Pong Diplomacy

    12. John Lennon

    13. The Watergate Scandal/President Nixon

    14. Apple Computer Inc. (Gump’s Investment)

  • Assassination of President Reagan

  • AIDS


Ku klux klan ku klux from greek kukloo klan

Ku Klux Klan (“Ku Klux” from Greek “KuKloo”,意为集会; Klan意为种族。)

  • a secret terrorist society of white Southerners

  • founded during Reconstruction after the Civil War

resist the emancipation (setting free) of slaves

dedicated to the supremacy(至上) of white people

opposed to equal rights for black people

often engaged in violence against blacks

its objective

wear white hoods(头巾) and robes

burn a wooden cross outside the house of someone whom

they wish to threaten

costume&

tactic


Timeline of historical events and celebrities ku klux klan first organized in 1866

KKK


Timeline of historical events and celebrities ku klux klan first organized in 1866

  • Elvis Aaron Presley (January 8, 1935 – August 16, 1977; middle name sometimes written Aron) was an Americansinger, actor, and musician. A cultural icon, he is commonly known simply as "Elvis", and is also sometimes referred to as "The King of Rock 'n' Roll" or "The King".

  • In 1954, Presley began his career as one of the first performers of rockabilly(乡村摇滚乐 ), an uptempo (节奏雷厉紧凑)fusion of country and rhythm and blues with a strong back beat. His novel(新颖的) versions of existing songs, mixing "black" and "white" sounds, made him popular—and controversial—as did his uninhibited stage and television performances.


Timeline of historical events and celebrities ku klux klan first organized in 1866

  • In the 1960s, Presley made the majority of his 31 movies—mainly poorly reviewed, but financially successful, musicals. In 1968, he returned to live music in a television special, and performed across the U.S., notably in Las Vegas. He is one of the best-selling and most influential artists in the history of music. Health problems, drug dependency and other factors led to his death at age 42.


Timeline of historical events and celebrities ku klux klan first organized in 1866

Elvis Presley:

Rock 'n' roll began with him in mid-50s. He defined its genre and gave its power.

"it was Elvis who made rock 'n' roll the international language of pop."

"an American music giant of the 20th century who single-handedly changed the course of music and culture in the mid-1950s."

"Before Elvis, there was nothing.“

-----------John Lennon


Elvis presley

Elvis Presley


Timeline of historical events and celebrities ku klux klan first organized in 1866

  • On June 11, 1963, George Wallace, blocked the doorto the school’s registration building to keep the new black students from registering, and finally compromised.

  • George Wallace is famous for his strongly fighting against the Desegregation. He was on the position of the Governor of Alabama for four terms. And he was involved in the election for presidency from 1964 to 1972 and ended up with four failures (as a Democrat three times and in the American Independent Party once). He was assassinated in 1972 and then paralyzed.

(August 25, 1919 – September 13, 1998), the 45thGovernor of Alabama, serving four terms: 1963–1967, 1971–1979 and 1983–1987. "The most influential loser" in 20th-century U.S. politics


Civil rights movement a challenge to segregation

Civil Rights Movement---a challenge to segregation

  • Black Freedom Movement / Negro Revolution / Second Reconstruction

  • political, legal, and social struggle

to gain full citizenship rights

to achieve racial equality

purpose

protest marches

boycotts

refusal to abide by segregation laws

activities

Beginning---- the Montgomery bus boycott in 1955

Ending---- the Voting Rights Act of 1965


Timeline of historical events and celebrities ku klux klan first organized in 1866

  • John Fitzgerald Kennedy (May 29, 1917 – November 22, 1963), often referred to by his initials JFK, was the 35thPresident of the United States, serving from 1961 until his assassination in 1963.

  • To date, he is the only Catholic to be president. He was the second-youngest President (after Theodore Roosevelt), and the youngest elected to the office, at the age of 43. Kennedy is also the only president to have won a Pulitzer Prize. Events during his administration include the Cuban Missile Crisis, the building of the Berlin Wall, the Space Race, the African American Civil Rights Movement and early events of the Vietnam War.


Timeline of historical events and celebrities ku klux klan first organized in 1866

  • Kennedy was assassinated on November 22, 1963, in Dallas, Texas. Lee Harvey Oswald was charged with the crime but was murdered two days later by Jack Ruby before he could be put on trial. Today, Kennedy continues to rank highly in public opinion ratings of former U.S. presidents.


Timeline of historical events and celebrities ku klux klan first organized in 1866

  • Bob Dylan (born Robert Allen Zimmerman on May 24, 1941) is an American singer-songwriter, author, poet, and painter, who has been a major figure in popular music for five decades.


Timeline of historical events and celebrities ku klux klan first organized in 1866

  • Throughout his career, Dylan has won many awards for his songwriting, performing, and recording. His records have earned Grammy, Golden Globe, and Academy Awards, and he has been inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, Nashville Songwriters Hall of Fame and Songwriters Hall of Fame. In 2008, a "Cultural Pathway" was named in Dylan's honor in his birthplace, Duluth. In 2008, he was awarded a Pulitzer Prize Special Citation for his "profound impact on popular music and American culture, marked by lyrical compositions of extraordinary poetic power."


Vietnam war from 1959 to april 30 1975 america s longest war

Vietnam War (from 1959 to April 30, 1975 )---America's Longest War

War

North Vietnamese &

National Liberation Front (NLF)

United States forces &

South Vietnamese army

VS

non-Communist Vietnamese

Vietnamese Communists

Fear of spread of Communism

Vietnam was reunified

in 1975

defeated by North Vietnamese


Anti vietnam war movement 1965 73

Anti-Vietnam War movement(1965–73)

  • 3.2 million Vietnamese

  • 58,000 Americans

  • more than 2 million American veterans

  • over $150 billion dollars

  • demonstrations and marches by college students, elected politicians, clergy, ect.


Vietnam war

Vietnam War

Soldiers carry a wounded comrade

through a swampy area

amid the dense jungles of South Vietnam.


Anti war protest

Anti-war protest

The 'March on the Pentagon' in October 1967 drew over 50,000 protestors

and marked the beginning of large-scale anti-war protests.

songs


Timeline of historical events and celebrities ku klux klan first organized in 1866

  • Lyndon Baines Johnson (August 27, 1908 – January 22, 1973), often referred to as LBJ, was the 36thPresident of the United States (1963–1969) and 35thVice President of the United States (1961–1963).


Timeline of historical events and celebrities ku klux klan first organized in 1866

  • Johnson, a Democrat, succeeded to the presidency following the assassination of President John F. Kennedy, completed Kennedy's term and was elected President in his own right in a landslide victory in the 1964 Presidential election. Johnson was a major leader of the Democratic Party and as President was responsible for designing the "Great Society" legislation that included civil rights laws, Medicare (government-funded health care for the elderly), Medicaid (government-funded health care for the poor), aid to education, and the "War on Poverty." Simultaneously, he escalated the American involvement in the Vietnam War from 16,000 American soldiers in 1963 to 500,000 in early 1968.

  • Johnson died after suffering his third heart attack, on January 22, 1973.


Timeline of historical events and celebrities ku klux klan first organized in 1866

  • The Black Panther Party (originally the Black Panther Party for Self-Defense) was an African-American organization established to promote Black Power and self-defense through acts of social agitation(鼓动, 煽动). It was active in the United States from the mid-1960s into the 1970s.


Timeline of historical events and celebrities ku klux klan first organized in 1866

  • Wesley: the president of Berkeley of SDS(Students for a Democratic Society)

  • Berkeley: American youth culture movement center in 1960s


Timeline of historical events and celebrities ku klux klan first organized in 1866

  • The Apollo 11 mission was the first manned mission to land on the Moon. It was the fifth human spaceflight of Project Apollo and the third human voyage to the Moon. It was also the second all-veteran crew in manned spaceflight history.


Timeline of historical events and celebrities ku klux klan first organized in 1866

  • Launched on July 16, 1969, it carried Commander Neil Alden Armstrong, Command Module Pilot Michael Collins and Lunar Module Pilot Edwin Eugene 'Buzz' Aldrin, Jr. On July 20, Armstrong and Aldrin became the first humans to land on the Moon, while Collins orbited above.

  • “One small step for man, one giant leap for mankind”


Timeline of historical events and celebrities ku klux klan first organized in 1866

Ping-Pong diplomacy

Ordinary people affect Chinese-U.S. relations

Ping Pong Diplomacy (Chinese: 乒乓外交) refers to the exchange of ping pong players of the United States and People's Republic of China (PRC) in the 1970s. The event marked a thaw(融化, 解冻) in U.S.–China relations that paved the way to a visit to Beijing by President Richard Nixon.

Premier Zhou said: "By visiting our country you have opened the gate for the exchanges between the people of the two nations. We believe that a friendly exchange will win approval and support from both the Chinese and American peoples."


Timeline of historical events and celebrities ku klux klan first organized in 1866

  • Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was the 37thPresident of the United States (1969–1974) and the only president to resign the office. He was also the 36thVice President of the United States (1953–1961).


Timeline of historical events and celebrities ku klux klan first organized in 1866

John Winston Lennon (later John Ono Lennon): (Oct 9, 1940– Dec 8, 1980)

He was best known as a singer, songwriter, and guitarist for The Beatles. His creative career also included the roles of solo musician, political activist, artist, actor and author.

He is recognized as one of the musical icons of the 20th century.

In 2002, the BBC conducted a vote to discover the 100 Greatest Britons of all time, and the British public voted Lennon into 8th place.


John lennon

John Lennon


Watergate scandal

Watergate Scandal

  • In the 1972, Nixon sought a re-election for presidency against his Democratic challenger. A group of burglars working for the Committee to Re-elect the President broke into the headquarters of the Democratic National Committee at the Watergate office-apartment complex in Washington, D.C., apparently in search of political intelligence. Nixon’s own White House tape recordings revealed that the president and his assistants had engaged in an obstruction of justice. On Aug. 9, 1974, Nixon resigned his office.


Watergate scandal1

Watergate Scandal

The Watergate Scandal:

the name given to illegal activities designed to help President Nixon win re-election in nineteen seventy -two.

suffix -gate : scandals associated with the government.

zippergate(拉练门)

Irangate(伊朗门)

Informationgate(情报门)


Watergate scandal2

Watergate Scandal

  • Break in ---In June of 1972, 5 young men break into the Watergate Hotel trying to bug(装窃听器) telephones

  • Deep Throat: the informant(告密者) who gave Washington Post reporters Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein information that helped to expose the Nixon administration's role in the Watergate Scandal.


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