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CLL Session 1: Introduction. LAEL, Lancaster University Florencia Franceschina. Popular ideas about SLA. Exercise. Terminology. Second language acquisition Foreign language acquisition Acquisition of additional languages Bilingual language acquisition. Big questions.

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CLL Session 1: Introduction

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Cll session 1 introduction

CLL Session 1:Introduction

LAEL, Lancaster University

Florencia Franceschina

Popular ideas about sla

Popular ideas about SLA




  • Second language acquisition

  • Foreign language acquisition

  • Acquisition of additional languages

  • Bilingual language acquisition

Big questions

Big questions

  • What are L2 grammars like? What is the nature of interlanguage grammars?

  • How are L2 grammars acquired? How do they develop?

  • How are L2 knowledge put to use?

Approaches to sla research

Approaches to SLA research

  • Sociolinguistic

  • Linguistic

  • Psycholinguistic

Linguistic approaches

Linguistic approaches

  • Generativist

  • Emergentist (usage-based)

  • Functionalist

L2 grammar

L2 grammar

The focus of this course will be on the study of L2 grammars (a.k.a. Interlanguage grammars or ILGs, after the term coined by Selinker)

The nature of ilgs

The nature of ILGs


Universal grammar ug

Universal Grammar (UG)

Many linguists claim that there is a great deal in common among the grammars of the world’s languages. Most advocates of this position believe that the commonalities exist because linguistic structure is largely determined by human biology.

The term ‘universal grammar’ is used to mean three subtly different things:

i.what is common to the world’s languages

ii.linguists’ representations of these commonalities

iii.the biological structures that are claimed to underlie the common features

Sag et al. (2003: 570)

Evidence for ug in l1a

Evidence for UG in L1A

L1A is:

  • Quick

  • Effortless

  • Uniform across stages of acquisition

  • Robust in terms of noisy/variable input

  • It shows equipotentiality across learners

Evidence for ug in sla

Evidence for UG in SLA?

We will consider the evidence in the next module



  • Gass, S. and L. Selinker 2001: Second language acquisition. An introductory course. (2nd edition) Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. (Chapter 1)

  • Hawkins, R. 2001: Second language syntax. A generative introduction. Oxford: Blackwell. (Chapter 1)

  • White, L. 2003:Second language acquisition and Universal Grammar. (2nd edition) Cambridge: CUP. (Chapter 1)

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