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第 四 章 分离与纯化技术 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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第 四 章 分离与纯化技术. 有机化合物数量极大,结构复杂多样,性质千差万别 ,它们在被发现或合成的过程中,在其性能研究及分析工作中,在应用时都离不开分离和纯化步骤。无论是石油化工、制药、精细化工、生物化工、食品工业和其他有关行业,还是有机合成,生物化学及生物工程、分析化学、医药和环境保护等科研领域都需要有高效、快速和经济的分离纯化技术。. 例如:. ( 1 )天然产物试样中微量成分的获得 如:抗癌药物 —— 干扰素,天然的 1 克价格达几百万元。. ( 2 )生物工程产品的产业化生产

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第 四 章 分离与纯化技术

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1

1

2

5080%


3


4

D-(-)

L-(+)

D-(+)

L-(-)


5--5(1,3-)

  • S--

  • R-+



  • 1

  • 2

  • 3

  • 4

  • 5

  • 6



Fe3+

6mol/LHCl

Fe3+Ti3+

6mol/LHCl

Ti3+

6mol/LHCl

Fe3+Ti3+

6mol/LHCl

Fe3+

Ti3+

6mol/LHCl

Fe

Ti


  • 1

  • 1

  • 2

  • 3


  • 2

  • 1

  • 2


  • 3


:


1

2

3

4


  • /


1


2-2

8080


()


2

1


2-4

a- b- c-


VigruxHempel

  • 24b2.53.5cm,3060cm,66mm



  • 78.3

  • 100

  • 78.1

    95.6%4.4%

  • 95.6%4.4%


3-1


2

2-6


3


3

  • 1


32


2 2-8

3

  • 1-2


2-8


4

100


  • 1001333Pa10mmHg


  • 15610095.5, 86112Pa646mmHg,15196Pa114mmHg95.5

  • W /W = 18646/157114= 6.5/10

  • 6.5g,10g61%


2

A B

C

D

E

F

G

H

2-9


3

TE E

or T


2-10


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