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第七章 操作系统安全配置方案 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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第七章 操作系统安全配置方案. 7. 内容提要. 本章介绍 Windows 2000 服务器的安全配置。 操作系统的安全将决定网络的安全,从保护级别上分成安全初级篇、中级篇和高级篇,共 36 条基本配置原则。 安全配置初级篇讲述常规的操作系统安全配置,中级篇介绍操作系统的安全策略配置,高级篇介绍操作系统安全信息通信配置。. 操作系统概述. 目前服务器常用的操作系统有三类: Unix Linux Windows NT/2000/2003 Server 。

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第七章 操作系统安全配置方案

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7


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  • Windows 2000

  • 36


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    • Unix

    • Linux

    • Windows NT/2000/2003 Server

  • C2


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UNIX

  • UNIX

  • UNIX20601969GE645DECPDP-7

  • 1970Unix1973UnixCUnix


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  • UNIX205

    • 1

    • 2

    • 3

    • 4

    • 5


Linux

Linux

  • LinuxUnixIntel x86CPUUnix

  • LinuxLinus Torvalds

  • MinixAndrew Tannebaum386486Unix


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  • Linux

  • GPL(General Public License)Red Hat LinuxSlackwareXteam LinuxLinuxLinux7


Linux 7

Linux7

  • 1

  • 2POSIX 1.0

  • 3

  • 4

  • 5

  • 6

  • 7


Windows

Windows

  • Windows NTNew TechnologyNT3.0NT40NT5.0Windows 2000NT6.0Windows 2003

  • Windows NTWindows 9XWindows 9XWindows NT


Windows nt

Windows NT

  • Windows NT

  • 1

    • Windows 95/98Apple MacintoshUnixOS/2TCP/IPIPX/SPXWindows NT

  • 2Internet

    • InternetTCP/IPWindows NTIISInternet Information ServerWWWFTP

  • 3NTFS

    • Windows 9XFATNTFATNTFSNTFSNTFS


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    • Guest

    • NTFS


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1

  • 15


2 guest

2Guest

  • GuestGuest

  • Guest ,

  • GuestGuest7-1


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3

  • Windows NT/20001010


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4

  • Administrator

  • WinLogonAdministrator


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5

  • Windows 2000AdministratorAdministrator

  • Adminguestone7-2


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6

  • Administrator10

  • Guests7-3


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7

  • EveryoneEveryoneWindows 2000

  • EveryoneEveryone7-4


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8

  • welcomeiloveyouletmein

  • 4342


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9

  • OpenGL

  • 17-5


10 ntfs

10 NTFS

  • NTFSNTFSFATFAT32


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11

  • Windows 2000/NT


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12


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1

  • Windows 2000

  • 7-6

  • IP


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2

  • Windows 2000Terminal ServicesIISInternet

  • Windows 20007-1


Windows2000

Windows2000


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3

  • Winnt\system32\drivers\etc\services7-7


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  • IP7-8


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  • TCP/IP7-9


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  • 7-10

  • WebTCP80TCP/IPWindows


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4

  • Windows 2000

  • 7-2


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  • 7-11


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  • 7-12


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5

  • 7-3


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  • 7-13


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6

  • 7-4


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  • 7-14


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7


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8

  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE

  • Software\Microsoft\WindowsNT\CurrentVersion\Winlogon\DontDisplayLastUserName17-15


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9

  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE

  • System\CurrentControlSet\Control\LSA\RestrictAnonymous17-16


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10

  • Windows 2000

  • Service Pack


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    • DirectDraw

    • Dump File

    • Temp

    • IPSec

    • DDOS

    • Guest


1 directdraw

1 DirectDraw

  • C2DirectDrawDirectX

  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE

  • SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\GraphicsDrivers\DCI\Timeout07-17


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2

  • Windows 2000DOSNet Share 7-18


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  • >>>7-19


3 dump

3 Dump

  • Dump

  • >>>7-20


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4

  • Windows2000

  • Windows NT 4.0Windows 2000NTFSNTFS V55Encrypted File SystemEFS

  • EFSWindows 2000CryptoAPI


5 temp

5 Temp

  • TempTemp

  • Temp


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6

  • Windows2000AdministratorsBackup OperatorsHkey_current_user

  • Software\microsoft\windows\currentversion\Policies\system

  • DisableRegistryTools0DWORD7-21


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7

  • Windows 2000

  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE

  • SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Session Manager\Memory Management

  • ClearPageFileAtShutdown17-22


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8


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9


10 ipsec

10 IPSec

  • IPSecIP

  • IPSec

  • IPSec


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11

  • TTLTime-To-LivePingPing

  • PingWindowsUnixTTL128Windows 20007-23


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  • TTL128Windows 20007-6


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  • TTLTTL111HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE

  • SYSTEM\CURRENT_CONTROLSET\SERVICES\TCPIP\PARAMETERS

  • 7-24


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  • defaultTTL1117-25


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  • PingTTL1117-26


12 ddos

12 DDOS

  • DDOS

  • [HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\Services\Tcpip\Parameters]7-7


13 guest

13 Guest

  • Windows NTWindows 2000GuestGuest

  • Guest

    • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\Eventlog\Application RestrictGuestAccess DWORD1

    • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\Eventlog\SystemRestrictGuestAccessDWORD1

    • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\Eventlog\SecurityRestrictGuestAccessDWORD1


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14

  • Easy Recovery7-26


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  • EData RecoveryAdvanced Recovery7-28


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  • Advanced Recovery7-29


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  • EENext7-30


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  • 7-31


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  • 7-32


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  • Next7-33


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  • 7-34


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  • Next7-35


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  • Windows 2000


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  • 1

  • 2

  • 3

  • 4

  • 5Windows 2000 Server/Advanced Server


  • Login