Changing the nature of trading nature
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Changing the nature of ‘trading nature’. Ulrich Malessa on timber Anastasiya Timoshyna on non timber forest products TRAFFIC. TRAFFIC's goal is to ensure that trade in wild plants and animals is not a threat to the conservation of nature.

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Changing the nature of ‘trading nature’

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Changing the nature of trading nature

Changing the nature of ‘trading nature’

Ulrich Malessa on timber

Anastasiya Timoshyna on non timber forest products

TRAFFIC


Changing the nature of trading nature

TRAFFIC's goal is to ensure that trade in wild plants and animals is not a threat to the conservation of nature.

TRAFFIC's vision is of a world in which trade in wild animals and plants is managed at sustainable levels without damaging the integrity of ecological systems and in such a manner that it makes a significant contribution to human needs, supports local and national economies and helps to motivate commitments to the conservation of wild species and their habitats.


Changing the nature of trading nature

Threatened species

Critical resources

Areas of high biodiversity

Livelihoods and incentives


Wildlife trade and the mdgs

Wildlife trade and the MDGs

  • Poverty and hunger (MDG1)

  • Gender equality (MDG3)

  • Health and wellbeing (MDG4, 5, 6)

  • Environmental sustainability (MDG7)

  • Global partnership (MDG8)


Traffic one global programme

TRAFFIC- ONE GLOBAL PROGRAMME -


Traffic work on resource security

TRAFFIC: work on resource security

  • Help prevent illegal harvest and trade

  • Improve sustainable management of legal harvest and trade

  • Providing guidance to government agencies, private sector, international agreements, donors


Changing the nature of trading nature

TRAFFIC’s timber strategy

Issues

… to make trade sustainable, legal and transparent …

Timber flow

Shipping

Import

… governance capacity (civil society

… on Lacey Act / ETR

Export

… on Customs

Transport

Procesing

Regulations

Policies

Control of product flow

Conservation, Environmental and social concerns

… on FTA

Transport

… on FLEG (T)

Harvest / Forest

Rights, use, access

… on CITES

Forest Management

Economics


Changing the nature of trading nature

TRAFFIC’s timber strategy

Issues

… to make trade sustainable, legal and transparent …

Timber flow

Shipping

Import

… governance capacity (civil society

… on Lacey Act / ETR

Export

… on Customs

Transport

Procesing

Regulations

Policies

Control of product flow

Conservation, Environmental and social concerns

… on FTA

Transport

… on FLEG (T)

Harvest / Forest

Rights, use, access

… on CITES

Forest Management

Economics


Changing the nature of trading nature

TRAFFIC’s timber strategy

Issues

… to make trade sustainable, legal and transparent …

Timber flow

Shipping

Import

… governance capacity (civil society

… on Lacey Act / ETR

Export

… on Customs

Transport

Procesing

Regulations

Policies

Control of product flow

Conservation, Environmental and social concerns

… on FTA

Transport

… on FLEG (T)

Harvest / Forest

Rights, use, access

… on CITES

Forest Management

Economics


Changing the nature of trading nature

TRAFFIC’s timber strategy

Issues

… to make trade sustainable, legal and transparent …

Timber flow

Shipping

Import

… governance capacity (civil society

… on Lacey Act / ETR

Export

… on Customs

Transport

Procesing

Regulations

Policies

Control of product flow

Conservation, Environmental and social concerns

… on FTA

Transport

… on FLEG (T)

Harvest / Forest

Rights, use, access

… on CITES

Forest Management

Economics


Common legality framework

Common Legality Framework


Common legality framework1

Common Legality Framework

Principles:

  • Access, use rights and tenure

  • Harvesting regulations

  • Transportation of logs and wood products

  • Processing regulations

  • Import and export regulations

  • Environmental regulations

  • Conservation regulations

  • Social regulations

  • Taxes, fees and royalties

  • Subcontractors and partners (specific to Africa)


Process of developing the common legality framework

Process of developing the Common Legality Framework

  • Needs assessment

  • Draft Principles for agreement by stakeholders

  • Develop criteria, indicators, guidance notes and verifiers

  • Identify legal references

  • Stakeholder consultation

  • Revision of PC&I

  • Harmonization with common legality framework

  • Peer review

  • Validation workshop

  • Review by lawyer in each target country

  • Review by expert auditor


Process of developing the common legality framework1

Process of developing the Common Legality Framework

  • Needs assessment

  • Draft Principles for agreement by stakeholders

  • Develop criteria, indicators, guidance notes and verifiers

  • Identify legal references

  • Stakeholder consultation

  • Revision of PC&I

  • Harmonization with common legality framework

  • Peer review

  • Validation workshop

  • Review by lawyer in each target country

  • Review by expert auditor

► Participatory Process


Process of developing the common legality framework2

Process of developing the Common Legality Framework

  • Needs assessment

  • Draft Principles for agreement by stakeholders

  • Develop criteria, indicators, guidance notes and verifiers

  • Identify legal references

  • Stakeholder consultation

  • Revision of PC&I

  • Harmonization with common legality framework

  • Peer review

  • Validation workshop

  • Review by lawyer in each target country

  • Review by expert auditor (what documentation is needed?)

► Participatory Process ► Expert input


Framework used

Framework used

  • Indicators and verifiers defined in China • Vietnam • Central African Republic • Democratic Republic of Congo • Republic of Congo • Gabon

  • Capacity building for stakeholders defining legality

  • Guidance for corporate sector

  • Inform legality verification schemes

  • Contribute to certification standards


Uses of wild collected plants

Uses of wild collected plants

Food

Conservation: The focus on the species and products

Medicines

Cosmetics

Spices


Changing the nature of trading nature

Medicinal plants

  • Used:~17,000species well-documented

    ~60,000plant species used globally

  • Traded: ~3,000species internationally

  • Commercially Cultivated: only ~900species world-wide

Resource under pressure

30 - 45% of medicinal plant species may be declining and threatened with extinction in the wild.

F.Barsch


Wild collection of plants

Wild collection of plants

  • Growing demand for wild collected products: pressure on species and ecosystems

  •  Collection areas often in marginalized regions : collectors reliant

Challenges

 Ensure conservation of natural resources and establish sustainable management systems

 Introduce fair trade and social accountability for sustainable development of the collection region


Global medicinal plants exports

Global medicinal plants exports

UN Comtrade Data, 2011


Global medicinal plants imports

Global medicinal plants imports

UN Comtrade Data, 2011


Fairwild and relevant frameworks

FairWild and relevant frameworks

Laws

Policy

Social

Ecological

Health and safety

Quality

Market

driven

require-ments

GACP


Fairwild development process

Drafting

FairWild development process

Development 2004-2006 Implementation 2007-2009 2010-...

Legal Adoption

& Policy

Development

Cooperation

People &Politics

Certification

Testing

Voluntary Codes

of Practice

Plant

Product

Consultation

Resource

Management

Information &

Training

CITES

Conferences


Fairwild standard

FairWild Standard

  • Global framework verifying ecological, social and economic sustainability of wild collected ingredients and products

  • The FairWild Standard builds on two initiatives:

    and

Ecological and quality requirements

Social and quality requirements


Fairwild foundation

FairWild Foundation

  • Established in 2008 and works towards the sustainable use of wild-collected ingredients, with a fair deal for all those involved throughout the supply chain

  • First FAIRWILD® certified products came on the market in 2009


Fairwild standard principles

FairWild Standard principles

  • Maintaining wild plant resources

  • Preventing negative environmental impacts

  • Complying with laws, regulations, and agreements

  • Respecting customary rights and benefit sharing

  • Promoting fair contractual relationships between operators and collectors

  • Limiting participation of children in wild collection activities

  • Ensuring benefits for collectors and their communities

  • Ensuring fair working conditions for all workers of FairWild collection operations

  • Applying responsible management practices

  • Applying responsible business practices

  • Promoting FairWild buyer commitment


Fairwild standard use

FairWild Standard use

Includes:

resource assessment

management plan

sustainable collection practices

cost calculation along the supply chain

traceability of goods and finances

documented fair trading practices


Changing the nature of trading nature

FairWild Projects

FW FOUNDATION (CH)

Eastern Himalayas

In Nepal, use of FW in conservation areas and buffer zones managed by local communities

In India, use to influence policy; community resource management

South East Europe

Implementation of FW in co-operation with partners from the local private sector and government authorities in Bosnia and Herzegovina

FWF Secretariat (UK)

EUROPE

SOUTHERN CAUCASUS

USA

Upper Yangtze

Inclusion of FW into the development of regional resource management in China and market links

Brazil (Amazon)

Model implementation at community level (Access and Benefit Sharing)

GHANA

Lesotho

Development of a regional management plan for Pelargonium sidoides together with national authorities (CITES link)

Mekong region

Implemented with community in Cambodia and new project in VietNam


Fw standard use pathways

FW Standard use pathways

Voluntary codes of practice, internal standards (companies, associations, donors)

Local, regional and national resource management schemes (Government institutions)

Legal frameworks and policies (conservation, trade policy, international agreements - CBD, CITES)

Certification (for businesses at all stages of the wild plants trade chain - FairWild Label)


Changing the nature of trading nature

Thank you!For more information, please contact:Anastasiya Timoshyna [email protected] [email protected]


Changing the nature of trading nature

  • Additional slides


Changing the nature of trading nature

Situation

Analysis

Resource Assessment

Resource Inventory, Yield / Regeneration Studies

Resource Management Objective

Productivity Target, Regeneration Target

Resource Management Action

Collection Practice (Time, Method, Limit)

Periodic Monitoring

Recovery/Regeneration Rate, Yield, Quality

Adaptive Management Cycle

Based on Leaman and Cunningham (2008) and Elzinga et al. (1998)

Evaluation of Monitoring Results

Resource Management ObjectiveAchieved?

Adequateproductivity / yield / quality?

Adequateregeneration?

Harvestcontrolseffective?

Yes

No

Alternative Management Action

Collection Practice Adjustments


Indicators and guidance notes verifiers specific to each country

Indicators and guidance notes/verifiers – specific to each country

Example (example for CAR)

Principle 1: Access, use rights and tenure

Criterion 1.1: The company is legally registered with the relevant administrative authorities

Indicator 1.1.1: Registration with the economic, social and forest authorities

Guidance notes/Verifiers: Verify that documentation held by the company includes:

  • An official agreement to exercise commercial activities in CAR issued by the Ministry of Trade and the Registry of the Commercial Court

  • Certificates, licences and written evidence of tax payment issued by the General Directorate for Taxes

  • Documentary evidence of contributions to the Social Security Agency.


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