Union station precinct study phase 2
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UNION STATION PRECINCT STUDY – PHASE 2. Union Station Precinct Study – Phase 2 Phase 1 Summary Phase 2 Work Heritage Trainshed Development Transportation -Licence Plate Trace Survey Results - Taxi and Pick up/Drop off Strategy Front Street Options Next Steps.

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UNION STATION PRECINCT STUDY – PHASE 2

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Union station precinct study phase 2

UNION STATION PRECINCT STUDY – PHASE 2


Union station precinct study phase 2

Union Station Precinct Study – Phase 2

Phase 1 Summary

Phase 2 Work

  • Heritage

  • Trainshed Development

  • Transportation

    -Licence Plate Trace Survey Results

    -Taxi and Pick up/Drop off Strategy

  • Front Street Options

  • Next Steps


Study schedule

Study Schedule

Timing

  • Phase 1 Research:

    • - July to September 2005 COMPLETED

  • Phase 2 Design Exploration:

    • - September to December 2005 ONGOING

  • Phase 3 Synthesis:

    • - January to March 2006

      Public Forums

  • October 25, 2005

  • December 13, 2005

  • February 21, 2006


  • S u m m a r y p h a s e 1

    S U M M A R Y P H A S E 1


    Union station precinct study phase 2

    Goals

    Transportationprovide recommendations concerning through-traffic, taxi queuing, and other transportation issues to make Front Street more accessible to pedestrian traffic

    Heritageprotect and enhance the historical context

    Urban Designcreate an enhanced and integrated public realm through a design that coordinates the findings of the transportation and heritage components of the study


    Importance of front street

    Importance of Front Street

    • Four Big Moves (Union Station Master Plan, 2004)

      • An Integrated Public Realm

      • A Modern Station, Accommodating Change

      • Revitalization of Underutilized Spaces

      • Maximized Porousness through Extended Pedestrian Connections

  • Front Street is a key part of the first Big Move

    • “one of the great places to linger in the City of Toronto”

    • Accommodate pedestrian hustle – proportionately the most significant users of the street

    • High quality urban design standards


  • Urban analysis

    Urban Analysis


    At grade proposed improvements to the public realm

    At-Grade Proposed Improvements to the Public Realm


    Union station precinct study phase 2

    P H A S E 2


    Union station precinct study phase 2

    H E R I T A G E


    Proposed precinct boundary phase 1

    Proposed Precinct Boundary – Phase 1

    LakeshoreWalks and Gardens Rail Corridor Union StationLyle Plan - Area of Influence North Railway landsHarbourfront

    Harbourfront Area of influence southUnion Station Pedestrian Area of InfluenceProposed PrecinctStudy BoundaryProposed Precinct BoundaryLake/City Connections


    Proposed precinct boundary phase 2

    Proposed Precinct Boundary – Phase 2


    Heritage character

    Heritage Character

    18 Yonge St.

    Construction of Royal York Hotel


    Beaux arts toronto

    Beaux Arts Toronto

    Dominion Public Building

    Royal York Hotel

    Union Station


    Modern post war

    Modern Post-War

    BCE Place

    CN Tower


    Rail history

    Rail History

    Round House

    Toronto Club


    Union station precinct study phase 2

    T R A I N S H E D D E V E L O P M E N T


    Union station precinct study phase 2

    Why Consider the Potential Development of the Trainshed?

    When the City purchased Union Station, the legal development rights above the trainshed were preserved (would require a rezoning)

    As a source of financing to fund a major transportation upgrade

    Alternative private access to the tracks

    Ownership

    • GO Transit owns from the tracks to 27 feet above

    • GO Transit undergoing Union Station Rail Corridor Infrastructure Improvement Program including a major investment in the trainshed


    Union station precinct study phase 2

    Chronology

    1989: Council adopts report; Steering Committee struck; Technical Subcommittee formed to consider potential to develop/overbuild trainshed

    1990: – “Review of Possible Overbuilding of Union Station and Corridor”

    – Railway Lands East Part II Plan (now Railway Lands East Secondary Plan)

    2005: Union Station Precinct Study


    Key considerations view corridors building size scale

    Key Considerations

    View Corridors

    Building Size & Scale

    Major Issues with Development over the Trainshed

    • Structural feasibility - not possible to thread structure and service core through the trainshed without losing tracks

    • No street address - because main floor would be approximately 60 feet in the air


    Union station precinct study phase 2

    Future Conditions

    • Not a viable option in the near future due to the current investment by GO Transit and in the interests of supporting the expected doubling of ridership in this timeframe

    Long Term Future Conditions

    • Redevelopment would have to consider:

      • Burying tracks in order to provide a street address to the building

      • Possible changes in train technologies that could permit required space


    Union station precinct study phase 2

    T R A N S P O R T A T I O N


    Northwest path connection

    NorthWest PATH Connection

    • Integrated with findings from concurrent Pedestrian Study by Arup Napa

    • Phase 1 – Part 2 of Arup Napa’s study recommended a tunnel north from Union Station under York Street

    • Ongoing considerations:

      • Create legible space

      • Pedestrian-friendly

      • Animated by retail activity

      • Clear wayfinding


    Activity on front street west bay to york streets

    Activity on Front Street West (Bay to York Streets)

    • Existing pedestrian-to-auto ratio is almost 10:1

    • Future pedestrian activity is expected to more than double

    • Example: Weekday Morning Peak Hour

      • Current (approximately): 10,000 pedestrians; 1,100 vehicles/hour

      • 2021 estimate: 25,000 pedestrians

  • At adjacent intersections, weekday morning peak hour pedestrian movements outnumber vehicles, in some cases by a ratio of nearly 3:1

  • Example: Weekday Evening Peak Hour

    • Current (approximately): 5,000 pedestrians; 1,600 vehicles/hour


  • Front street licence plate trace survey results

    Front Street Licence Plate Trace Survey Results

    • Conducted at 3 peak times

    • Taxis: 20% to 30% of traffic

    • 1 lane of lane of “through” traffic in the peak direction

    • 1/3 of traffic is destined to Front Street corridor (Simcoe St. – Church St.);

      • 1/3 of traffic: areas north of Front St.;

      • 10% - 15% of traffic: areas south of Front St.

      • 6% of traffic: entire Front Street corridor (Simcoe St. – Church St.)

    • U-turns: approximately 150 U-turns (AM) and 250+ in the PM

    • 200 or more vehicles making pick-ups / drop-offs

      • 70% of these are taxis


    Union station precinct study phase 2

    F R O N T S T R E E T O P T I O N S


    Importance of front street1

    Importance of Front Street

    • First impression of the City

    • Civic prominence

    • Integration: major transportation hub and key part of city’s public realm

    • For the near future, draw is still movement north of Union Station – making Front Street even more important as the number of commuters increase

    • City is taking an opportunity to make this an amazing space, within a thoughtfully designed and planned Precinct


    Taxi and pick up drop off strategy option 1

    Taxi, and Pick up/Drop off Strategy – Option 1


    Taxi and pick up drop off strategy option 2

    Taxi, and Pick up/Drop off Strategy – Option 2


    Evaluation criteria

    Evaluation Criteria

    • Expand Pedestrian Realm – Increase Sidewalk

    • Expand Pedestrian Realm – Make Front Street “one of the great places to linger”

    • Expand Pedestrian Realm – Improve Street Crossings

    • Enhances Heritage Qualities of Front Street

    • Accommodates Cyclists

    • Accommodates Taxi Waiting Areas and Pick-up/Drop-off Facilities

    • Accommodates Traffic

    • Accommodates Maintenance and Emergency Vehicle Access

    • Roadway Design Elements


    Option 1 status quo

    Option 1 – Status Quo

    York St.

    Bay St.

    Option 2 – Bicycle Lane

    Bay St.

    York St.


    Option 3 layby two lanes

    Option 3 – Layby (Two Lanes)

    York St.

    Bay St.

    Option 4 – Layby (Four Lanes)

    York St.

    Bay St.

    Option 5 – Layby (Two Lanes & Median)

    York St.

    Bay St.


    Union station precinct study phase 2

    Option 6 – Median (Two Lanes)

    Bay St.

    York St.

    Option 7 – Median (Four Lanes)

    Bay St.

    York St.


    Union station precinct study phase 2

    Option 8 – One Way (One Lane)

    York St.

    Bay St.

    Option 9 – One Way (Two Lanes)

    York St.

    Bay St.


    Option 10 closure

    Option 10 - Closure


    Union station precinct study phase 2

    Option 11 – Centre (Two Lanes)

    York St.

    Bay St.

    Option 12 – Centre (Four Lanes)

    York St.

    Bay St.


    Union station precinct study phase 2

    Option 13 – Narrowed Road (Two Lanes)

    York St.

    Bay St.

    Option 14 – Narrowed Road (Four Lanes)

    York St.

    Bay St.


    Option 9 one way two lanes

    Option 9 - One Way (Two Lanes)

    York St.

    Bay St.

    This option includes two lanes of eastbound traffic, and taxi queuing and pick-up/drop-off activity accommodated

    in laybys. It would also be necessary to implement this scheme from Bay Street to Yonge Street, at which point

    Front Street is an existing one-way street in the eastbound direction.


    Option 11 centre two lanes

    Option 11 - Centre (Two Lanes)

    York St.

    Bay St.

    This option includes an at-grade centre median, used partially to accommodate taxi queueing, and one

    lane of through traffic in each direction. The curb lane is used for brief pick-up and drop-off activity,

    opening up the street between Union Station and the Fairmont Royal York Hotel.


    Option 13 narrowed road two lanes

    Option 13 - Narrowed Road (Two Lanes)

    York St.

    Bay St.

    This option includes one lane of through traffic in each direction, and taxi queuing and pick-up/drop-off

    activity accommodated in laybys.


    Option 14 narrowed road four lanes

    Option 14 - Narrowed Road (Four Lanes)

    York St.

    Bay St.

    This option includes two lanes of through traffic in each direction, and taxi queuing and pick-up/drop-off

    activity accommodated in laybys.


    Public realm surface

    Public Realm Surface


    Clean up the street

    Clean up the Street


    Clean up the street1

    Clean up the Street


    Clean up the street2

    Clean up the Street


    Union station precinct study phase 2

    Clean up the Street


    Union station precinct study phase 2

    Clean up the Street


    Union station precinct study phase 2

    Clean up the Street


    Union station precinct study phase 2

    Clean up the Street


    Streets washington

    Streets - Washington

    Paving Pattern - Precedent


    Streets paris

    Streets - Paris

    Paving Pattern - Precedent


    Paving pattern

    Paving Pattern


    Union station precinct study phase 2

    Push The Pedestrian Agenda

    Scale up the pedestrian signage on Front Street – create bold

    crosswalks, graphics and timed crossing signals so that its

    importance is enhanced.


    Union station precinct study phase 2

    Push The Pedestrian Agenda


    Union station precinct study phase 2

    P R E C I N C T M A R K E R S


    Union station precinct study phase 2

    Protect the Public Realm

    Install markers in and around Union Square to delineate its boundaries.


    Union station precinct study phase 2

    Create an Attraction

    Bring new signage attractions into the area. Develop the design of all

    graphic components to draw people to the area – the signs become

    an attraction themselves.


    Union station precinct study phase 2

    Welcome to Toronto

    Announce to the visitor that they have arrived.

    Make the PATH, GO, VIA, TTC systems evident above grade through

    better entrance signage, better map directories and better wayfinding.


    Union station precinct study phase 2

    Welcome to Toronto


    Next steps

    Next Steps

    • Union Plaza

    • NorthWest PATH Connection

    • Bicycle & Taxi operation strategies

    • Continue to consult with stakeholders

    • Next public forum: February 21, 2006


    C o m m e n t s

    C O M M E N T S


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