Syntax 9 agrammatism day 38 nov 25 2013
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syntax 9 Agrammatism DAY 38 – Nov 25, 2013. Brain & Language LING 4110-4890-5110-7960 NSCI 4110-4891-6110 Harry Howard Tulane University. Course organization. The syllabus, these slides and my recordings are available at http://www.tulane.edu/~howard/LING4110/ .

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syntax 9 Agrammatism DAY 38 – Nov 25, 2013

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Syntax 9 agrammatism day 38 nov 25 2013

syntax 9AgrammatismDAY 38 – Nov 25, 2013

Brain & Language

LING 4110-4890-5110-7960

NSCI 4110-4891-6110

Harry Howard

Tulane University


Course organization

Brain & Language - Harry Howard - Tulane University

Course organization

  • The syllabus, these slides and my recordings are available at http://www.tulane.edu/~howard/LING4110/.

  • If you want to learn more about EEG and neurolinguistics, you are welcome to participate in my lab. This is also a good way to get started on an honor's thesis.

  • The grades are posted to Blackboard.


Review

Brain & Language - Harry Howard - Tulane University

Review


Modular vs interactive processing table 13 1 adapted from frisch et al 2004

Brain & Language - Harry Howard - Tulane University

Modular vs. interactive processingTable 13.1. adapted from Frisch et al. (2004)

Modular: an error found early could turn off additional processing.

Interactive: errors should add up.


Sentence comprehension and syntactic parsing

Brain & Language - Harry Howard - Tulane University

Sentence comprehension and syntactic parsing

Ingram I, §13 On-line processing, working memory and modularity


What is this

Brain & Language - Harry Howard - Tulane University

What is this?

`Twasbrillig, and the slithytoves

Did gyre and gimble in the wabe:

All mimsy were the borogoves,

And the momerathsoutgrabe.


Jabberwocky sentences table 13 2 adapted from hahne jescheniak 2001

Brain & Language - Harry Howard - Tulane University

Jabberwocky sentencesTable 13.2, adapted from Hahne & Jescheniak (2001)

Modular: an error found early could turn off additional processing.

Interactive: errors should add up.


D eep vs surface anaphora

Brain & Language - Harry Howard - Tulane University

Deep vs. surface anaphora

  • What is anaphora?

    • The ability of one expression to refer to another.

  • Surface anaphora

    • The ring that John gave to Mary was made of gold.

    • The ring that John gave __ to Mary was made of gold.

    • How do we know what the gap/trace after gave refers to?

    • Its reference is resolved by syntax.

  • Deep anaphora

    • He gave a ring to her.

    • How do we know what he or she refers to?

    • Their reference is resolved by semantics/pragmatics, which is somehow ‘deeper’ than syntax.

    • In particular, pragmatics may consult a model of the discourse, that is, a way of keeping track of what is being/has been talked about.

    • Lisa spoke to Bill, and Lisa spoke to John.


Differences in erps between kinds of anaphora see examples p 292 translated from german fig 13 5

Brain & Language - Harry Howard - Tulane University

Differences in ERPs between kinds of anaphoraSee examples p. 292, translated from German; Fig. 13.5

  • Surface/ellipsis

  • Werner gave Lisa a ring and Joseph …Lisa a necklace.

  • Deep/discourse model

  • Werner gave Lisa a ring and Joseph gave Lisaa necklace.


Summary

Brain & Language - Harry Howard - Tulane University

Summary

  • Read Ingram’s summary


Agrammatism revisited

Brain & Language - Harry Howard - Tulane University

Agrammatism revisited

Ingram IV, §14 On-line processing, working memory and modularity


Off line methods of language assessment

Brain & Language - Harry Howard - Tulane University

Off-line methods of language assessment


A test zurif et al 1972

Brain & Language - Harry Howard - Tulane University

A testZurif et al. (1972)

  • Which pair of words (A or B) goes best together?

    • A | B

    • the – baby | the – cries

    • the – baby | baby – cries

    • the – cries | baby – cries

  • These pairwise comparisons can be summarized in a tree structure called a dendrogram.


Dendrograms for the baby cries fig 14 1

Brain & Language - Harry Howard - Tulane University

Dendrograms for The baby criesFig. 14.1

control

aphasia

the baby cries

the baby cries


Dendrograms for other sentences fig 14 2

Brain & Language - Harry Howard - Tulane University

Dendrograms for other sentencesFig. 14.2

control

aphasia

the dog chases a cat

the dog chases a cat

the man was hurt

the man was hurt


C onclusions

Brain & Language - Harry Howard - Tulane University

Conclusions

  • What shall we conclude?

    • Agrammatic aphasics can process content words,

    • but not grammatical or function words.


Next time

Brain & Language - Harry Howard - Tulane University

NEXT TIME

P11

Part IV. Discourse §15, Discourse processing


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