Measures of Gender Schematization: Are Pictures as Good as Toys?. Karen Singer-Freeman & Darcilynn Nelsen Karen.Singer-Freeman@purchase.edu. Preference Check Children were shown each picture individually
Measures of Gender Schematization:
Are Pictures as Good as Toys?
Karen Singer-Freeman & DarcilynnNelsen
Thirty preschoolers completed real and hypothetical measures of gender schematization. We measured reaction times in both tasks and used a qualitative schematization measure for the real task. We found that children responded more slowly when making hypothetical choices between two gender-consistent toys than between one gender-consistent toy and one gender-inconsistent toy. Age in months and gender-consistent toy preferences were positively correlated with the qualitative score. Reaction time in the hypothetical toy selection task was correlated with latency of first response in the real task but was unrelated to qualitative scores. We conclude that latency measures in both real and hypothetical tasks are accessing similar aspects of schematization.
Previous research has relied upon hypothetical choice tasks as a means of measuring gender schematization (Carter & Levy, 1988). Although easy to administer, it is possible that a hypothetical toy selection task might be influenced by societal gender expectations. We investigated whether hypothetical tasks are equivalent to real choice measures of schematization.