Common stds sexually transmitted diseases or stis sexually transmitted infections
Sponsored Links
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
1 / 94

Common STDs Sexually Transmitted Diseases or STIs Sexually Transmitted Infections PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 106 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Common STDs Sexually Transmitted Diseases or STIs Sexually Transmitted Infections. 20.3. OBJECTIVES. Describe how STDs can be spread List ways STDs damage a person’s health Identify the symptoms & treatments of common bacterial, viral, & parasitic STDs

Download Presentation

Common STDs Sexually Transmitted Diseases or STIs Sexually Transmitted Infections

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Common STDsSexually Transmitted DiseasesorSTIsSexually Transmitted Infections

20.3


OBJECTIVES

  • Describe how STDs can be spread

  • List ways STDs damage a person’s health

  • Identify the symptoms & treatments of common bacterial, viral, & parasitic STDs

  • Describe the symptoms & treatments of common STDs caused by viruses & parasites

  • State the responsibilities of people who think they may be infected


How Are STDs Spread?

Sexual activity that:

  • Brings an uninfected person in contact w/body fluids from an infected person

  • Contact between one person’s genitals & another person’s skin or mucous membranes – 1 person is infected

  • Direct contact w/open sores

  • A mother to her baby before birth, during birth, or breast-feeding


MISTAKEN IDEAS

  • Most viruses that cause STDs cannot be spread through kissing, sharing eating utensils, holding hands, or using public toilets.

  • Not all STDs can be treated & cured

  • Herpes is for life! (The gift that keeps on giving)


BELIEFS vs. REALITY

“It is best to see if an STD goes away on its own before seeing a doctor.”

  • Most STDs do not go away.

  • Symptoms going away does not mean your are cured.

    “Washing the genitals after sex prevents STDs.”

    “Birth-control pills prevent STDs.”


BELIEFS vs. REALITY

“The medicine prescribed for one kind of STD will cure any STD.

  • Each STD is unique & requires its own medicine

    “If one sex partner is treated for an STD, the other partner does not need to be treated.”

  • Both need to be treated so they don’t reinfect each other


How STDs Can Damage Your Health

Some STDs:

  • cause painful sores that can recur throughout your lifetime.

  • lead to brain damage or cancer

  • cause infertility

  • are fatal


Babies & STDs

Some STDs can:

  • cause a miscarriage

  • cause blindness in a newborn as they travel down the birth canal

  • most newborns are automatically given eye drops at the hospital to help prevent blindness


WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF STD’s?

  • Bacterial – curable

  • Viral – non-curable

  • Parasites - curable


4 Most Common STDs Caused By Bacteria

  • Chlamydia

  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

  • Gonorrhea

  • Syphilis

  • Cured w/antibiotics

  • Will not cause permanent damage if treated early


Females

Pain urinating

Vaginal discharge or bleeding

Pelvic Pain

Males

Pain urinating

Discharge from the penis

If Left Untreated

CHLAMYDIA – BacterialSymptoms - Often None

Highest rate of infection in 15 – 19 year olds.

More new cases in U.S. than any other STD


CHLAMYDIA


CHLAMYDIA


CHLAMYDIA


CHLAMYDIA


CHLAMYDIA Left Untreated

Females

  • Infertility

  • Tubal pregnancies

  • PID – Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

    Males

  • Injury to reproductive organs

  • Swollen & tender testicles

    Infants of Infected Mothers

  • Illness

  • Blindness


Bacterial

Caused by the migration of a bacterial infection from the vagina

Pelvic pain

Vaginal discharge

Long & painful periods

Spotting between periods

Fever

Painful urination

Nausea

PELVIC INFLAMMATORY DISEASE (PID) Females only - symptoms


PID – If Left Untreated

  • Infertility

  • Tubal pregnancies

  • Chronic pelvic pain

  • May require surgery to correct


GONORRHEA – BacterialSymptoms – Often None

  • Infects mucous membranes, including the genital mucous membranes

  • Discharge

  • Painful urination

  • Left untreated – PID in females – scarring of urethra in men (painful urination)


GONORRHEA


GONORRHEA


GONORRHEA


SYPHILIS - Bacterial

  • Transmitted by touching & sexual contact

  • Symptoms/signs: Causes ulcers or chancres

    STAGES:

    • 1. chancre

    • 2. rash

    • 3. none= death

  • Cured with antibiotics in stages 1 & 2

  • If untreated, it can lead to mental & physical disabilities & premature death


SYPHILIS

SYPHILIS


SYPHILIS


SYPHILIS


SYPHILIS


Syphilis


SYPHILIS


SYPHILIS


SYPHILIS


SYPHILIS


SYPHILIS


SYPHILIS


SYPHILIS


SYPHILIS


SYPHILIS


SYPHILIS


4 Common STDs Caused By Viruses

  • Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)

  • Genital Herpes

  • Hepatitis

  • Human immuno-deficiency virus (HIV)

  • Symptoms can be treated

  • There is NO CURE for viral STDs


Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)(Genital Warts)

  • Transmitted by touching and sexual contact

  • Symptoms/signs: warts or bumps

  • It can cause cervical cancer in females

  • No cure - can be removed with laser treatment


STAGE 1 – HPV - GENITAL WARTS


HPV – GENITAL WARTS


HPV – GENITAL WARTS


HPV – GENITAL WARTS


HPV

GENITAL WARTS


HPV – GENITAL WARTS


HPV – GENITAL WARTS


HPV – GENITAL WARTS


HPV – GENITAL WARTS


HPV – GENITAL WARTS


HPV – GENITAL WARTS


HPV GENITAL WARTS


HPV – ANUS WARTS


HPV – ANUS WARTS


HPV – ANAL WARTS


HPV – ANAL WARTS


HPV - ORAL WARTS


HPV - ORAL WARTS


GENITAL HERPES (TYPE II)

  • Virus

  • Transmitted sexually and kissing

  • Symptoms/signs: blisters (not always)

  • No cure! Medicine to reduce outbreaks


Oral Herpes Simplex


Oral Herpes


Oral Herpes


Genital Herpes


  • Genital Herpes


Genital Herpes


HEPATITIS B - Virus

  • Attacks liver

  • Transmitted through

    • Urine

    • Saliva

    • Blood

    • Semen

    • Vaginal secretions

  • Symptoms/signs:

    • Dark urine

    • Yellow skin

    • Yellow eyes “jaundice”

  • No cure!


3 Common STDs Caused By Parasites

  • Pubic lice

  • Scabies

  • Trichomoniasis

  • Can be cured with medication

  • If treated early, they will not cause permanent damage to your health


PUBIC LICE “CRABS” - Parasite

  • Transmitted by casual & sexual contact, sharing towels, sharing clothes, sleeping in bed w/crabs

  • Symptoms/signs:

    • Bite marks/scabs

    • Constant itching

  • Cured w/special soaps & bleaching entire house


PUBIC LICE“Crabs”


PUBIC LICE“Crabs”


PUBIC LICE


PUBIC LICE


PUBIC LICE –

INFECTING THE EYE


SCABIES - Parasitic

  • Mites

  • Transmitted by sexual & casual contact

  • Symptoms/signs: itching

  • Cured by using medicated shampoos & lotions


SCABIES


SCABIES - Abdomen


SCABIES - Baby


SCABIES - Baby


SCABIES - Baby


SCABIES


SCABIES


SCABIES


SCABIES


Trichomoniasis - Parasitic

  • Usually passed sexually,

  • Can be picked up from contact w/damp or moist objects such as

    • towels,

    • wet clothing,

    • or a toilet seat, if the genital area gets in contact w/these damp or moist objects.


TRICHOMONIASIS - Symptoms

  • Usually none

  • If women do have symptoms, they usually appear 5 to 28 days after exposure & can include:

  • yellow, green, or gray vaginal discharge (often foamy) with a strong odor

  • discomfort during sex and when urinating

  • irritation and itching in the genital area

  • lower abdominal pain in rare cases


Being Responsible About STDs

  • Seek medical help right away

  • Complete the full course of medications

  • Have follow-up testing done

  • Avoid all sexual activity while being treated

  • Notify all sexual partners


  • Login