Religion. Objectives for the Chapter. Identify the similarities and differences between universalizing and ethnic religions. Identify the hearths, diffusion patterns, and significance of holy places for Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, and Judaism.
Three Main Universalizing Religions and Two Smaller:
Five Pillars of Practice include profession of faith, prayer, charity, fasting during Ramadan, and completion of the hajj—pilgrimage to Mecca
Great Mosque in Mecca, Saudi Arabia
Holy Book – Qur’an
Muhammad – final prophet of God
The Golden Temple, Amritsar, Punjab
Additional info from: http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/sikhism/ataglance/glance.shtml
The Western Wall
We need five groups to study one religion each:Universalizing: Buddhism, Christianity, and IslamEthnic: Judaism and Hinduism
In your group, identify:
Each group will need a spokesperson to present their findings to the class.
Pressure to change
Religion vs. Religion: tend to see conflicts over:
Ex. Northern Ireland (Protestants vs. Roman Catholics)
Ex. West Bank Boundary in Israel
Ex. Middle East (Jews, Christians, and Muslims) – Jerusalem, Western Wall
4. 1967 (Six Day War) – Israel attacks Egypt, Syria, and Jordan join in – gains Sinai peninsula, Gaza Strip from Egypt, Golan Heights from Syria, and West Bank and East Jerusalem from Jordan
6. 2012 – Palestine gains non-member observer state status with the UN. Gains access to membership in different international organizations.
Transjordan had limited autonomy in 1923