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HISTORY. OF JOURNALISM. BIRTH of journalism. History of JOURNALISM=history of TECHNOLOGY Every society spreads news… Story of Marathon (490 B.C.) Wandering minstrels (middle ages 400’s-1400’s). 1400’s. Printing press (around 1440) Gutenberg (Johann). 1500’s. CENSORSHIP! Henry VIII

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HISTORY

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History

HISTORY

OF JOURNALISM


Birth of journalism

BIRTH of journalism

  • History of JOURNALISM=history of TECHNOLOGY

  • Every society spreads news…

    • Story of Marathon (490 B.C.)

    • Wandering minstrels (middle ages 400’s-1400’s)


1400 s

1400’s

  • Printing press (around 1440)

    • Gutenberg (Johann)


1500 s

1500’s

  • CENSORSHIP!

    • Henry VIII

      • List of prohibited books

      • Forced printers to obtain licenses

      • Arrests for sedition (rebelling against authority)

      • “unfitting worddes”


1600 s

1600’s

  • 1610 – First weekly newspapers

    • Cologne and Vienna

  • 1644 – John Milton (poet) pleas for free speech (Areopagitica)

    • US later modeled free press rights after this

  • 1690 - First American newspaper starts/fails

    • Boston Publick Occurrences


1700 s

1700’s

  • 1704 – First successful American newspaper

    • The Boston News-Letter

  • 1729 – BEN FRANKLIN Pennsylvania Gazette

    • Bold! Best paper!

  • Postriders (throughout 1700’s) delivered news

  • 1735 – Freedom of the press

    • John Paul Zenger – libel (NY Governor) acquitted!

  • 1765 – Stamp Act!

    • Raised prices 50%...repealed after violent protest

    • (Boston Tea Party 1773, Tea act 1773)


  • 1700 s continued

    1700’s continued…

    • 1776—Declaration of Independence printed in more than 20 colonial newspapers

    • 1783—First DAILY U.S. newspaper

    • 1791—BILL OF RIGHTS!

      Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.


    1800 s

    1800’s

    • 1825 – First cylinder press!


    1830 s

    1830’s

    • Homing pigeons!

      (500 mpd)

    • Pony Express!


    1840 s

    1840’s

    • Telegraph!

      • Long-distance reporting

    • Fredrick Douglass

      • The North Star

      • Fighting slavery


    1850 s

    1850’s

    • NEW YORK TIMES


    1860 1870 s

    1860-1870’s

    • HUNDREDS of reporters cover a big event

      • What was it?

      • Civil War!

    • First (practical) typewriter invented

    • 1876

      • What was invented?

      • Telephone!


    1880 90 s

    1880-90’s

    • First PHOTOGRAPH

    • First bylines

    • YELLOW Journalism

      • HEARST

      • PULITZER

      • WAR with Spain


    1900 s

    1900’s

    • Early 1900’s--Mudrackers! Expose injustice! Write for REFORM!

    • 1920 – First regular RADIO SCHEDULE!

    • 1934 – ASSOCIATED PRESS (photos)

    • 1939 – Commercial TELEVISION

    • 1963 – Kennedy assassination watched by 96% of people who had TVs.


    1900 s cont

    1900’s cont.

    • 1945 – 2,000 Americans owned televisions

    • 1960 – 90% of American homes had TV

    • Late 1960’s – Anti-war UNDERGROUND newspapers!

    • 1974 – Nixon brought down by investigative reporting.

    • 1976 – Apple II (home computer)

    • 1976 – Nintendo!


    1900 s cont1

    1900’s cont.

    • 1980 – Ted Turner– CNN! First 24-hour news channel

    • 1982 – USA Today

      • SHOCKING!

      • Short

      • Colorful

    • 1990’s – Internet wires the planet!


    What s next

    What’s next?

    • WikiLeaks

    • Wikipedia

    • Print newspapers are dwindling

    • On-line news sources

      • Photos

      • Videos

      • Links

      • Interactive


    Your task

    YOUR TASK!

    • Make a timeline!

    • Include 10 key events in the history of journalism.

    • Be creative!

    • Work alone or with a partner.

    • Make it memorable!

    • Suggestions: Inspiration…string and paper…PowerPoint…Timeglider.com…Comic Life…


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