Religious Aspects of Sharia Part 8 of a Ten-Part Study of Sharia Law “from the Horse’s Mouth” The Reliance of the Traveller. Prepared by Lyle B. McCurdy, Ph.D. Section I . Overview -- The Ten Parts: P1 -- Introduction P2 -- The Caliphate P3 -- Jihad P4 -- Slavery and Dhimmitude
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Religious Aspects of ShariaPart 8 of a Ten-Part Study of Sharia Law“from the Horse’s Mouth” The Reliance of the Traveller
Lyle B. McCurdy, Ph.D.
Overview -- The Ten Parts:
P1 -- Introduction
P2 -- The Caliphate
P3 -- Jihad
P4 -- Slavery and Dhimmitude
P5 -- Men’s Rights and Obligations
P6 -- Women’s Rights and Obligations
P7 -- Societal Aspects of Sharia
P8 -- Religious aspects of Sharia
P9 -- Health Aspects of Sharia
P10 -- Sexual Aspects of Sharia
Reliance of the Traveller (Rott),
A Classic Manual of Islamic Sacred Law
A highly respected source of Islamic law of the four schools of Sunni Islam, with 75% agreement among them (Hanafi, Maliki, Shafi’i, and Hanbali).
The Shafi’i school is emphasized because its historical records are best.
The Rott is broken into 26 parts, a to z, and its verses labeled accordingly.
Introductory Comments Regarding Islam & Sharia
Islam’s top priority is to replace and run all states and governments as an Islamic state under Sharia, an elaborate legal, social, political, and religious system. When a state becomes Sharia, the state is Islam.
Muslim leaders today abide by Sharia’s harsh laws while absolving themselves from any blame for their application by saying: “I did not create them; Allah did.” [Nonie Darwish, pp. 192-193]
Terrorism – use of violence against civilian targets to force a political objective.
Here, Osama bin Laden and friends used terrorism to teach America a lesson that he can hit us where it hurts, that we are vulnerable to attack, and that he wants all U.S. military personnel out of Saudi Arabia, the sacred land of Islam, where foreign troops are haram.
One side, the religious face: a belief system for Muslims; the “nice” face.
Obverse, the political face: Sharia, the caliphate & world domination, hatred of kafirs, dhimmitude, blessed taqiyya, etc.
Regardless, it’s the same coin… Islam, inherently political & subversive!
Islam, not to be equal, but to dominate.
Islam wishes to destroy all states and governments (…) opposed to the ideology and programme of Islam (…) [It] requires (…) the whole planet (…) because (…) mankind should benefit from the ideology and welfare programme [of Islam] (...)
The objective of the Islamic ‘Jihad’ is to eliminate the rule of an un-Islamic system and establish in its stead an Islamic system of state rule. [Quote -- Sayeed Abdul A’laMaududi, Jihad in Islam, p. 6, Wikipedia]
Muhammad Sayyid al Tantawi, president of Al Azhar U, a highly respected Islamic institution, has this to say about Sharia:
This is not my personal view [killing & maiming Jews, Christians and other infidels]. This what the Shari’a Law says, the law of Allah, the only valid law on the earth.
[Quote -- http://canadafreepress.com/index.php/article/8066]
Timur was famous for his “pyramids” of enemy heads.
[Bostom, p. 24]
… [One] of the basic principles of Islam is that it must be extended to the whole world by conversion or at the least by submission to Islamic authority. The caliph has an obligation to promote and fulfill this universalism, if necessary by the force of arms. This is the meaning of holy war or jihad. From which it follows that Islamic sovereignty is at least potentially universal.
Tamerlane epitomized these classical Islamic trends, still very much alive today. [Quote by Law professor Emile Tyan, in Andrew G. Bostom, p. 31]
ArifAlikhan - Assistant Secretary for Policy Development for the U.S. Dept. of Homeland Security.
Mohammed Elibiary - Homeland Security Adviser.
RashadHussain - Special Envoy to the (OIC) Organization of the Islamic Conference.
Salam al-Marayati - Obama Adviser –
founder Muslim Public Affairs Council
and its current executive director.
Imam Mohamed Magid - Obama's Sharia Czar – Islamic Society of North America.
Eboo Patel - Advisory Council on Faith-Based Neighborhood Partnerships
For more info, see Frank Gaffney’s The Muslim Brotherhood in the Obama Administration.
A Look at the Reliance of the Traveller’s
Legal Aspects of Islam the Religion
Rott: e2.3 It is offensive to use the vessels of non-Muslims (N: before washing them)
(P: to be certain of the purity of the vessels used, since non-Muslims are not as concerned about purity as Muslims are) or wear their clothes (O: for the same reason).
Rott: e5.0 Ablution (N: Meaning to wash certain parts of the body with water, with the intention of worship)
(O: The legal basis for ablution prior to scholarly consensus, is the word of Allah Most High, “O believers, when you go to pray, wash your faces, and wash your forearms to the elbows, wipe your heads, and [wash] your feet to the two anklebones”) (Koran 5:6)
(N: Meaning to wash certain parts of the body with water, the intention of worship. ) (…) A prayer is not accepted without purification.
Rott: e8.3 When one fears that a Koran may burn, get soaked, that a non-Muslim may touch it, or that it may come into contact with some filth (…)
Rott: e9.1 It is recommended when one intends to use the lavatory:
(1) to put something on one’s feet, unless there is an excuse (O: such as not having shoes);
(2) to cover the head (O: even if only with a handkerchief or other); [there are many additional rules related to lavatory practices…]
Rott: e14.1 Filth means:
(1) urine; (2) excrement;
(3) blood; (4) pus;
(5) vomit; (6) wine;
(7) any liquid intoxicant,
(8) dogs and pigs, or their offspring;
Rott: i1.0 Islam is built upon five [pillars]:
1. Testifying there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is the messenger of Allah,
Rott: j16.3 It is unlawful to eat: (1) (N: any form of pork products);
(2) Cats or disgusting small animals (…);
(3) Predatory animals (…);
(4) Those which hunt with talons (…);
(5) The offspring of an animal permissible and not permissible to eat, [horse ok, mule ok; donkey not].
Rott: k4.9 It is unlawful to sell grapes to someone who will make wine from them (…)
Rott: o16.3 The penalty for drinking is to be scourged forty strips, with hands, sandals, and ends of clothes. It may be administered with a whip, but if the offender dies, an indemnity is due (…) for his death.
Rott: o16.6 It is not permissible to drink any intoxicant under any circumstances, whether for medicine (…) or out of extreme thirst, with the sole exception of when one is choking on a piece of food (…)
Rott: p14.2 (1) Scourge whoever drinks wine. If he drinks it again [scourge him (…), If he drinks it a 4th time, kill him.
Rott: o8.1 When a person who has reached puberty and is sane voluntarily apostatizes from Islam, he deserves to be killed.
Rott: o8.4 There is no indemnity for killing an apostate (O: or any expiation, since it is killing someone who deserved to die).
Rott: o8.7 (7) To deny any verse of the Koran or anything which by scholarly consensus belongs to it, or to add a verse that does not belong to it (…)
Rott: o8.7 (16) to revile the religion of Islam.
Rott: o8.7 (17) to believe that things in themselves or by their own nature have any causal influence independent of the will of Allah;
Rott: o9.8 (2-5) After his final coming (Jesus), nothing but Islam will be accepted from them, for taking the poll tax is only effective until Jesus’ decent, which is the divinely revealed law of Muhammad.
Rott: o1.2 The following are not subject to retaliation: (2) a Muslim for killing a non-Muslim, (4) a father or mother (or their fathers or mothers) for killing their offspring, or offspring’s offspring.
Rott: o4.17 There is no indemnity for killing a non-Muslim at war with Muslims (harbi), someone who has left Islam (…)
Rott: o9.10 It is not permissible (A: in jihad) to kill women or children unless they are fighting against Muslims.
Rott: o9.10(…) It is permissible to kill old men (O: old man) meaning someone more than forty years of age and monks.
Rott: o9.16 (para 6) (…) Interests that justify making a truce are such things as Muslim weakness because of lack of numbers or materiel, or the hope of an enemy becoming Muslim (…)
If the Muslims are weak, a truce may be made for ten years if necessary (…)[Mohammad broke truces for his benefit.]
Rott: o25.3(d) male (K: to be able to devote himself fulltime to the task, and to mix with men,
the leadership of a woman being invalid because of the rigorously authenticated (sahih) hadith, “A people that leaves its leadership to a woman will never succeed);”
Rott: p28.1 The Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, (1) ”Men are already destroyed when they obey woman.”
Rott: o25.9 (8) and if the area has a border adjacent to enemy lands, an eighth duty arises, namely to undertake jihad against enemies, dividing the spoils of battle among combatants, and setting aside a fifth for deserving recipients.
Rott: p75.23 Allah Most High says, “Say: ‘O people of the Book, do not be excessive in your religion” (Koran 4:171).
(Qurtubi) According to exegetes [a critical analysis], this refers to the extremism of the Jews concerning Jesus in accusing Mary of fornication, and the extremism of the Christians in considering him a god.
For both excessiveness and remissness are evil, and both may be unbelief.
Rott: r2.2 to mention anything concerning a person that he would dislike, whether about his body, religion, everyday life, self, disposition, property, son, father, wife,(…)
slander(traditional definition) n. oral defamation, in which someone tells one or more persons an untruth about another which untruth will harm the reputation of the person defamed.[TheFreeDictionary.com]
Rott: r32.6 It is offensive for a male to speak without need to a young woman who is not a member of his unmarriageable kin (…) [because] “The adultery of the tongue is speech.”
Rott: r32.7 It is offensive to speak while lovemaking, or when in the lavatory or relieving oneself.
It is offensive to laugh in circumstances in which speaking is offensive.
Rott: r40.1 (1) Allah Mighty and Majestic sent me as a guidance and mercy to believers and commanded me to do away with musical instruments flutes, strings, crucifixes, and the affair of the pre-Islamic period of ignorance.
(2) On the Day of Resurrection, Allah will pour molten lead into the ears of whoever sits listening to a songstress.
(3) Song makes hypocrisy grow in the heart as water does herbage.
Rott: r40.2 (Nawawi:) It is unlawful to use musical instruments – such as those which drinkers are known for, like the mandolin, lute, cymbals, and flute – or to listen to them.
Rott: w4.1 (1) Muhammad is the last prophet and messenger.
Anyone claiming to be a prophet or messenger of Allah after him or to found a new religion is a fraud, misled and misleading.
Rott: w4.1 (2) Previously revealed religions were valid in their own eras, as is attested to by many verses of the Holy Koran, but were abrogated by the universal message of Islam, as is equally attested to by many verses of the Koran.
Rott: w4.4 (…) “Whoever seeks a religion other than Islam will never have it accepted of him, and he will be of those who have truly failed in the hereafter” (Koran 3:85)
Rott: w4.5 “Today I have perfected your religion for you and completed My favor upon you, and I please that your religion be Islam” (Koran 5:3)
Rott: w4.6 (Qurtubi:) It is likely that by “… I please that your religion be Islam” (Koran 5:3), Allah means,
“I am pleased with your Islam that you follow today as a religion that will endure in its perfection until the end of time, and I will cause nothing of it to be abrogated.”
Rott: w11.1 (N:) The unlawfulness of the “sciences of the materialists” refers to the conviction of materialists that things in themselves or by their own nature have a causal influence independent of the will of Allah.
To believe this is unbelief that puts one beyond the pale of Islam.
Muslims working in the sciences must remember that they are dealing with figurative causes, not real ones, for Allah alone is the real cause.
Rott: w43.5 (c) As for other countries, enemy lands (dar al-harb, lit, “abode of war”) consist of those with whom the Muslim countries (Dar al-Islam) are at a state of war (n: in the light of which, it is clear that there is virtually no country on the face of the earth where a Muslim has an excuse to behave differently than he would in an Islamic country, whether in his commercial or other dealings).
Rott: w50.1 (‘Abed al-Ghaffar ‘Uyun al-sud: ) One should realize that the prohibition of picture making is extremely severe, that it is counted among the enormities, and the threats against doing it are very emphatic.
(…) Whoever makes a picture, Allah shall torture him with it on the Day of Judgment until he can breathe life into it, and he will never be able to.
Rott: w50.2 The reason for the unlawfulness of pictorial representation is that it imitates the creative act of Allah Most High, (…)
The Basics ofIslam the Religion
The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Understanding Islam
The ‘Idiot’s Guide”
Yahiya, born into an American Protestant Christian family, converted to Islam in his freshmen year at Michigan State U in 1989. He has been writing, researching and publishing texts about Islam for the last decade.
“It (Islam) is a beautiful tradition that emphasizes love, faith in God, and a spirit of charity toward all living things.” [The Idiot’s Guide, inside cover]
Yahiya Emerick, a convert to Islam
“(…) There was a time when I prayed in Jesus' name and worried about getting baptized so I could get into heaven.(…) No one but a convert to Islam can appreciate the differences between our way of life and whatever else is out there. (…) a 'born' Muslim can (…) continually renew their faith through acts of piety and Ibadah(obedience, submission, and devotion to Allah) (…).”[http://www.human-rights-in-islam.co.uk/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=50:rebuttal-to-irshad-manji-by-yahiya-emerick&catid=34:religious]
Attrocities.Ignored. Wars mentioned but not Islam’s fault; they were just protecting themselves over the past 1400 years. Honor killings, child marriages ignored.
Kafir(Plural: kuffar). “One who hides or covers the truth” (not used in the text)
Muslim Brotherhood (MB). “An Arab phenomenon founded by Hassan al Banna early in the 20th century that operates in Egypt, Syria, and Jordan; banned in Egypt and Syria.”
Not discussed in the text. [Yahiya Emerick, p.348]
Organization of Islamic Conference (OIC). “A sort of United Nations for Muslim countries. Annual meetings are held in which issues of concern to Muslim nations are discussed.” Not discussed in the text. [Yahiya Emerick, p.348]
Political Islam.No discussion or reference to political Islam throughout the text.
Shari’ah. ‘“The path.” The term for Islamic law.’ (Some Islamic law mentioned in the text a couple of times.) [Yahiya Emerick, p.371]
Taqiyya. No definition or usage in the book.
To be a Muslim, one must say the Shahadain front of two witnesses:
“I declare there is no god except Allah, and I declare that Muhammad is the Messenger of God.”
1. Belief in Allah.
2. Belief in angels.
3. Belief in the revealed Books of God.
4. Belief in God’s many prophets.
5. Accepts concept of a last day.
6. Belief in divine measurement of humans.
7. Belief in life after death.
[Yahiya Emerick, p. 18]
Allah The God of Islam
[Kenneth R. Samples, p. 249]
Survey of Islamic Religious Beliefs
[Kenneth R. Samples, pp. 252-253]
The Koranand Creation
Koran 7:54 Your guardian Lord is Allah, Who created the heavens and the earth in six Days, then He settled Himself on the Throne;
Summary Comments re Islam the Religion
1. No coherence between Koran and Bible.
2. Non-existential, impersonal for living. Allah unknown.
3. Non-explanatory, superiority of Islam forced, e.g., sins of al-Qaeda and 9/11/01? Superiorinconsistent with submission. [Kenneth R. Samples, pp. 260-261]
4. Christianity & Islam at odds w/ each other. Each denies the essential doctrines of the other.[Kenneth R. Samples, pp. 262-263]
5. Islam is not a religion of grace and redemption.
More and more Muslims are becoming disillusioned with Islam, and question the validity of the Qur’an and the extremist teaching of Islamic teachers. Many find that the mechanistic ritual of praying five times per day, reciting verses that they do no understand, and frequent fasting are not helping them in their spiritual growth.
Many are finding Islam inconsistent with science, logic, human rights, and ethics. [David Dunlap, p. 1]
*Any student of the world’s largest monotheistic religions must read the Bible, the Koran, and Not Peace but a Sword: The Great Chasm between Christianity and Islam by Robert Spencer.
(Photo Credit Spero News)
For example, Spencer elucidates Koran 1:6-7, a part of Islam’s most frequently repeated early morning prayer, (akin to the Christian Lord’s Prayer[Yahiya Emerick, p. 134]):
Koran 1:6-7 (Al-Fatiha, or the Opening Chapter): “Guide us in the straight path, the path of those whom Thou has blest, not of those against whom Thou art wrathful, nor of those who are astray.”
Cutting through the fog, Spencer interprets these verses as follows: “the straight path” is Islam, “those against whom Thou art wrathful” are the Jews, and “those who are astray” are the Christians.
Every pious Muslim prays against Jews & Christians every day!
[Adapted from Andrew E. Harrod’s comments re Spencer’s new book]
In 2006, Keith Ellison, convert to Islam, was the 1st Muslim elected to Congress (Mn) & sworn in on Jefferson’s Koran. To a Muslim audience: “We’re going to continue to face them. They’re not going to stop right away. But if you, and me too, stick together, if we believe in Allah subhanahuwata’ala [God be glorified in the highest], if we turn to the Qur’an for guidance, we’ll find an answer to the questions we have.”
ACT! for America
We won’t be intimidated by you, and there are a whole lot of patriotic Americans that won’t be either. We will not let up or give up in our mission to educate America about who you and the Muslim Brotherhood really are, and the threat you pose to our nation. And as Concrete, Washington and Little Falls, Minnesota demonstrate, the more you try to stop us, the more you help our efforts.
These PowerPoint files may be obtained from the chapter’s website:
www.ActTucson.com, under the PwrPt(PowerPoint) tab, then scroll down to:
Sharia-details-from-Reliance-of-the-Traveller, and select desired file:
5. Sharia-details-P5-Men’s Rights and Obligations.pdf6. Sharia-details-P6-Women’s Rights and Obligations.pdf7. Sharia-details-P7-Societal-Aspects-of-Sharia.pdf
That’s all folks.
Thanks for being such a nice audience!
Andrew G. Bostom. Sharia versus Freedom, the Legacy of Islamic Totalitarianism. Prometheus Books, 2012.
CSPI.Mohammed, Allah, and Politics, The Islamic Political Doctrine, The Islamic Trilogy, Volume 10, CSPI Publishing, 2007.
David Dunlap. The Untold Story: Muslims Converting Worldwide. Bible & Life; Bible Teaching Newsletter, Sept 1, 2008.
Nonie Darwish. Cruel and Usual Punishment, The terrifying global implications of Islamic Law. Thomas Nelson publications, 2008.
YahiaEmerick. The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Understanding Islam. Alpha, a Pearson Education Co., 2002.
William J. Federer. What Every American Needs to know About the Qur’an -- a History of Islam & the United States. Amerisearch, 2010.
Kenneth R. Samples. A World of Difference, Putting Christian Truth-Claims to the Worldview Test. Reasons To Believe, BakerBooks, MI., 2007.
Robert Spencer. The Truth About Muhammad : founder of the world’s most intolerant religion. Regnery Publishing, 2006.