Lyric poetry
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Lyric Poetry. Definition. Poetry that focuses on emotions or thoughts rather than telling a story The name “lyric” comes from the Greeks- songs accompanied by a lyre Lyric poems tend to be melodious- created by use of rhyme, rhythm, alliteration, onomatopoeia, etc. . Types.

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Definition
Definition

  • Poetry that focuses on emotions or thoughts rather than telling a story

  • The name “lyric” comes from the Greeks- songs accompanied by a lyre

  • Lyric poems tend to be melodious-

    created by use of rhyme, rhythm,

    alliteration, onomatopoeia, etc.


Types
Types

  • Sonnet

    - Shakespearean

    - Italian

  • Ode

  • Elegy


Ode

  • Uses heightened, impassioned language

  • Addresses some object

  • Uses apostrophe- speaker directly addresses an absent/dead person, abstract quality, or something nonhuman as if it were present and capable of responding

  • Consists of five sonnets

  • Rhyme scheme: terzarima- each sonnet ends with a couplet; each group of three lines picks up the rhyme of the second line of the preceding three lines


Terza rima
TerzaRima

O WILD West Wind, thou breath of Autumn's being a

Thou from whose unseen presence the leaves dead b

Are driven like ghosts from an enchanter fleeing, a

Yellow, and black, and pale, and hectic red, b

Pestilence-stricken multitudes! O thou c

Who chariotest to their dark wintry bed b

The wingèd seeds, where they lie cold and low, c

Each like a corpse within its grave, until d

Thine azure sister of the Spring shall blow c

Her clarion o'er the dreaming earth, and fill d

(Driving sweet buds like flocks to feed in air) e

With living hues and odours plain and hill; d

Wild Spirit, which art moving everywhere; e

Destroyer and preserver; hear, O hear! e


Elegy
Elegy

  • Mourns the death of a person or laments something lost

  • Can lament the passing of life and beauty, or mediations on nature and death

  • Formal in language & structure

  • Solemn or melancholy in tone


Examples of ode
Examples of Ode

  • “Ode to the West Wind”- textbook p.

  • “Ode to the Caribbean Sea”


Examples of elegy
Examples of Elegy

  • “In Memory of W.B. Yeats”

  • “Baba”


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