Cognitive linguistic disorders associated with alzheimer s dementia
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Cognitive-Linguistic Disorders Associated with Alzheimer’s Dementia. Characteristics. Alzheimer’s Disease defined:.

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Cognitive-Linguistic Disorders Associated with Alzheimer’s Dementia

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Cognitive linguistic disorders associated with alzheimer s dementia

Cognitive-Linguistic Disorders Associated with Alzheimer’s Dementia

Characteristics


Alzheimer s disease defined

Alzheimer’s Disease defined:

  • “The most common cause of dementia among the elderly. It is marked by progressive, irreversible declines in memory, performance of routine tasks, time and space orientation, language and communication skills, abstract thinking, and the ability to learn and carry out mathematical calculations. Other symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease include personality changes and impairment of judgment.”(www.alzheimers.org/unravel.html)


Prevalence of ad

Prevalence of AD

  • Accounts for 50%to 70% of all progressive dementias.

  • 2 to 3 times more common in women than men

  • About 4 million adults in the United States have Alzheimer’s disease


Cognitive linguistic warning signs of ad

Memory Loss

Difficulty performing daily tasks

Language Difficulties

Disorientation of time and space

NORMAL AGING

Forgetting names/appointments

Occasional forgetfulness

Forgetting day of week

Cognitive-Linguistic Warning Signs of AD


Cognitive linguistic warning signs of ad cont

Poor judgment

Problems w/ Abstract Thinking

Misplacing Things

Alterations of Moods/Behaviors

NORMAL

Making an Occasional Debatable Decision

Challenged w/ Balancing Checkbook

Misplacing Keys

Sometimes feeling sad or moody

Cognitive Linguistic Warning Signs of AD cont.


Cognitive linguisticwarning signs of ad cont

Personality Changes

Loss of Initiative

NORMAL

Slight personality changes w/ age

Sometimes weary of work/social demands

Cognitive LinguisticWarning Signs of AD cont..


Early stages

Early Stages

  • Decrease in functional memory skills

  • Disoriented in familiar locations

  • Increased anxiety

  • Difficulty with humor/sarcasm

  • Decrease in ability to attend to tasks

  • Perseveration

  • Patient generally denies the symptoms


Mid state alzheimer s dementia

Mid-State Alzheimer’s Dementia

  • Sometimes need occasional prompts/cues to complete personal care

  • Unsafe to leave the person unattended due to lack of judgment

  • Hallucinations may occur/state of confusion/Paranoia

  • Severe limit of words/Speech is empty

  • Sleep disturbances

  • Wandering/Pacing


Late final stages

Late/Final Stages

  • Memory is severely impaired

  • In late stage, the brain actually shrinks; the ventricles become larger and the sulci wider.

  • Loss of Speech: The person may be totally nonverbal, vocalizing only on occasion.

    • Some patients are mute or echolalic

  • Difficulty with eye contact

  • All basic functions lost.

    They are totally dependent on their caregivers.


General info

General Info

  • “There is no standard length of time that the patient with Alzheimer’s disease remains in a particular stage. Some patients progress rapidly from one stage to the next; others remain in the early stages for decades before deteriorating to later stages.” (Caregiver-Information.com)


Sources cited

Sources Cited

  • www.alzheimers.org/unravel

  • Alzheimer’s Association. 2005. www.alz.org/AboutAD/Warning.asp

  • Brookshire, Robert H. 2003. Introduction to Neurogenic Communication Disorders. 6th ed. Mosby.

  • Mike and Michelle. 2005. www.caregiver-information.com/Alzheimer.htm

  • Love, Russell J. and Webb, Wanda G. 2001. Neurology for the Speech-Language Pathologist. 4th ed. pp 249-252.

  • Ripich, Danielle N. 1991. Handbook of Geriatric Communication Disorders. Pro-ed.


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