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Poultry-Small Animal Slaughterhouse Inspections and Exempt Establishment Reviews

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New York State Department of Agriculture & Markets Division of Food Safety & Inspection Poultry-Small Animal Slaughterhouse Inspections and Exempt Establishment Reviews. March 10, 2009 Albany, New York. Clarence Davis, Supervising Food Inspector

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New York State Department of Agriculture & MarketsDivision of Food Safety &

Poultry-Small Animal Slaughterhouse

Inspections and Exempt

Establishment Reviews

March 10, 2009 Albany, New York

Clarence Davis, Supervising Food Inspector

[email protected]

  • Retail Exemption - household consumers, hotels, restaurants and institutions.
  • Producer/Grower or Other Person (PGOP) 20,000 Limit - household consumers, restaurants, hotels and boarding houses.
  • Producer/Grower 20,000 Limit - distributor, hotel, restaurant, retail store, institution, or small enterprise.
  • Small Enterprise 20,000 Limit - dressed poultry may be purchased and distributed as carcasses and whose processing is limited to cutting up of inspected or exempted poultry products.
  • Producer/grower 1,000 Limit:
    • 250 turkeys or
    • 1,000 birds of all other species
  • Marketed at:
    • On-farm stands
    • Roadside stands
    • Farmers markets
  • No inspection or license required

Labeling Requirements for Producer/Grower Wholesales to Retail Stores

  • Safe handling instructions modified per 9 CFR 381.125(b)(2)(ii) as product is not USDA inspected.
  • Producer’s name.
  • Producer’s address.
  • The statement “Exempt P.L. 90-492.
  • Adhered to the package as a label or a wing tag.
amendments to article 5 a
Amendments to Article 5-A
  • Subdivision 96-b - In a city with a population of one million or more, the Commissioner shall not license any person, firm, partnership or corporation to operate any place or establishment where animals and/or fowls are slaughtered or butchered for food within a 1,500 food radius of a residential dwelling.
  • Effective August 5, 2008
  • Effective until 2012.
amendments to article 5 a1
Amendments to Article 5-A
  • Amendment to Article 5-A,Section 96-C

Posting of inspection results required

Effective November 4, 2008.

  • Amendment to Article 5-A, Section 96-f(2)

5-A License shall be revoked upon establishing failure of three consecutive inspections.

Effective January 2, 2009.

what are the issues
What are the Issues?
  • Overcrowding.
  • Inadequate number of storage cages.
  • Improper use of shipping crates.
  • Improper storage of shipping crates.
what are the issues1
What are the Issues?
  • Insanitary holding cages.
  • Improper processing equipment.
  • Equipment in good repair.
  • Unclean food contact equipment.
  • Inadequate handwashing facilities.
what are the issues2
What are the Issues?
  • Improper product


  • Vermin
  • Flies
  • Cockroaches
  • Rodents
inspection frequency
Inspection Frequency
  • 82 live poultry markets in New York City.
    • Inspected monthly.
    • Re-inspected within 10 days.
  • 55 poultry & small animal slaughterhouses on Long Island and Upstate NY.
    • Inspected 3 times yearly.
    • Re-inspected within 10 days.
  • Seasonal operations once before and once after opening.
usda exempt establishment review
USDA Exempt Establishment Review
  • A custom exempt establishment is a facility where an individual can bring his or her animal, alive or slaughtered, for further processing.
  • The processed products are to be used by the owner, members of his or her household, non-paying guests and employees.
  • Processed products cannot be sold.
usda exempt establishment review1
USDA Exempt Establishment Review)
  • All products must be marked “Not for Sale” with food grade ink.
  • Packaged products must be labeled “Not for Sale”.
  • Carcass and processed products are exempted from USDA inspection.
usda exempt establishment review2
USDA Exempt Establishment Review

Division of Food Safety and

Inspection conducts reviews

of custom exempt

establishments under a

Cooperative Agreement with


usda exempt establishments
USDA Exempt Establishments
  • Exempt establishment reviews are conducted in accordance with FSIS Directive 5930.1, Revision 3.
  • Exempt Establishment Reviews are conducted on an annual basis.
  • 114 Upstate New York.
  • 44 New York City area.
usda exempt establishment reviews
USDA Exempt Establishment Reviews
  • Reviews are scored “Acceptable” or “Unacceptable”.
  • Reports scored “Unacceptable” are jointly reviewed with USDA to determine if follow up is necessary.
  • Follow up review is conducted within 10 days if there is a likelihood of product contamination, rodent or insect infestation.
  • 30 days for recordkeeping, sewage and waste issues.
what are the issues3
What are the Issues?
  • Lack of certificates of water potability.
  • Inadequate recordkeeping.
  • Insanitary conditions and equipment.
  • Marking and labeling.
  • Product contamination.
  • Deficiencies are corrected during the review when possible.

Clarence Davis

Division of Food Safety And Inspection

NYS Dept of Agriculture and Markets

[email protected]