Interconnection the moroccan experience
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1st REGULATORY MEETING FOR THE ARAB REGION. INTERCONNECTION: THE MOROCCAN EXPERIENCE. M. ELKADIRI, Technical Director ANRT [email protected] Algiers 19-21 April 2003. WHY INTERCONNECTION?. Interconnection is one of the main issues of the liberalization process :.

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Interconnection the moroccan experience

1st REGULATORY MEETING FOR THE ARAB REGION

INTERCONNECTION:THE MOROCCAN EXPERIENCE

M. ELKADIRI, Technical Director ANRT

[email protected]

Algiers 19-21 April 2003


Interconnection the moroccan experience

WHY INTERCONNECTION?

Interconnection is one of the main issues of the liberalization process :

The access of a new entrant to the market is conditioned by the current interconnection policy.

Interconnection tariffs are the “Hard-core” of competition


Definition and scope of interconnection

DEFINITION AND SCOPE OF INTERCONNECTION

Newentrant´s network

  • Incumbent’s network

  • Definitions

  • PoI**

  • Long distance network*

  • Tandem

  • PoI

  • Double-Tandem

  • Core network

  • Tandem

  • Origination

  • Termination

  • Single-Tandem

  • Local switch

  • Feeder

  • Access network

  • Remote concentrator

  • Distribution

*In Europe, long distance network often considered as part of core network

**Point of Interconnection

Source:Team analysis Mckinsey


Definition and scope of interconnection1

DEFINITION AND SCOPE OF INTERCONNECTION

INTERCONNECTION IS ONE OF REGULATORY LEVERSAND CANNOT BE CONSIDERED IN ISOLATION

Example regulatory levers

  • Number of competitors

  • Speed of liberalisation

  • Area of competition and type of players that can compete

  • Licensing procedures and conditions

Industry structure

Pricing

  • Price caps (x factor, basket weights, subcaps . . . )

  • Tariff rebalancing

Regulatory levers

  • Interconnect charges

  • Process of setting / negotiating interconnect charges

  • Establishing points of physical interconnection and/or co-location

Interconnect

  • Length and ease of prefix

  • Pre-subscription mechanism

  • Number portability

Equal access

  • Access deficit compensation

  • Universal service obligation definition, funding mechanisms

Cross-subsidy

Support


Interconnection the moroccan experience

MOROCCAN REGULATORY FRAMEWORK OF INTERCONNECTION

  • 1- The post and telecommunications Act n° 24-96 which sets up :

  • The right of interconnection for each operator.

  • The necessary conditions which should respect in interconnection

  • The power of the regulator to solve interconnection disputes.

  • 2- The Interconnection decree which specifies :

  • The main clauses (technical, financial and administrative clauses) that each interconnect agreement should include.

  • The operator’s obligations ( General obligations for all operators and specific ones for SMP).

  • The principles of interconnection tariffs.

  • The conditions of interconnect offer.

  • The ANRT prerogatives.


Interconnection the moroccan experience

LEGAL FRAMEWORK

OPERATORS ’OBLIGATIONS

Respect of principles and rules of interconnection.

Produce all necessary information to the regulator.

Operators with market share more than 20% of a telecommunications service must submit an interconnection offer to the regulator for approval. They have to inform the regulator of the modifications concerning the RIO.


Interconnection the moroccan experience

LEGAL FRAMEWORK

THE ROLE OF ANRT

Ensure clear terms, conditions and fair prices

for interconnection

Make sure that the interconnect agreement is in

accordance with interconnection decree

and approve the interconnection offer

Impose sanctions and penalties for violation of regulation

Play a role of arbitrator in the interconnect dispute


Interconnection the moroccan experience

LEGAL FRAMEWORK: Dispute resolution

REFERALL TO THE ANRT

How?

When?

Inquiry

of the dispute file made

by

the Director of the

ANRT

30 days

No conclusion of the

interconnect

agreement

Problems related

to the

interconnection

tests

Decision of the

(administrative

committee)

15 days


Interconnection the players

INTERCONNECTION: The players

Regulator

ICX

Interconnection

Operator 1

Operator 2


Interconnection the moroccan experience

Resolution of interconnection Dispute

The first interconnection dispute that the ANRT had to arbitrate was over termination tariffs :

1- The dispute: Disagreement between IAM (the incumbent) & Medi Telecom (the new entrant) about interconnection Tariffs.

2- The dispute inquiry :

ANRT entrust the inquiry to an internal Interconnection comity, which was supported by international experts.

3- The inquiry process :

- Benchmark

- Audition of both parties.

- Analysis of the interconnection cost models of both parties

4- The decision of the administrative comity of the ANRT :

With reference to the commission inquiry report, the administrative commission of the ANRT decided that Interconnection tariffs proposed by the interconnection commission are applicable.


The 1st interco dispute

The 1st Interco dispute

58,5%

80%

IAM proposal 41,5%

MédiTél proposal 20%

PSTN

MOBILE

39%

20%

IAM proposal 61%

MédiTél proposal 80%

PSTN

MOBILE


Anrt s decision

ANRT’s Decision


Interconnection the moroccan experience

ANRT’s Decision


Interconnection the moroccan experience

Approval of interconnect offer

  • The TECHNICAL AND TARIFF INTERCONNECTION OFFER should be published by the operator who holds a market share higher than 20% of a telecommunications service.

  • It  must be approved by the regulator.

  • The regulator shall be informed on the modifications of the interconnection offers.

  • Process of approval of the interconnection offer

  • Effective cooperation with the incumbent operator in term of providing relevant information related to interconnection cost.

  • Efficient tools for analysing and assessing the tariff offer.

    The principal difficulty : INFORMATION ASYMMETRY


Interconnection the moroccan experience

MOROCCAN COST ALLOCATION MODEL

  • ANRT developed its own tools for calculations and assessment of interconnection costs for.

  • assessing the relevancy of the interconnect tariff data provided by operators

  • preparing the regulator for interconnect dispute arbitration

  • checking the eventual anti-competitive behaviour of the operator in the telecommunications market.

  • The MCAM was developed with international experts and ANRT’s multidisciplinary team .

  • The MCAM provide two basic deliverables:

    • financial results by service using Fully Allocated Costing methodology based on “cost causation” and

    • unit cost information suitable for calculating interconnect conveyance costs.

      - MCAM is based on historic costs.


Interconnection the moroccan experience

Operator 3

MCAM

Excel Models

Fixed

Mobile

USO

interconnect

interconnect

Costs

Costs

Costs

MOROCCAN COST ALLOCATION MODEL

Operator 2

Operator 1

Operator 2

Service

Costs


Mcam structure

MCAM STRUCTURE

Drivers

Functional

Activities

Cost

Pools

Manpower

Analysis

Final

Services

Direct

Current

Account Cost

Shared

Capital

costs

Common

Algorithms


New challenges

NEW CHALLENGES

There are many issues related to interconnection to be faced:

  • to adapt the legal framework of interconnection to the international context and the development of technology.

  • To allow visibility to operators including those expected to enter the market.

  • To foster the telecommunications market as whole.

  • ANRT had launched a public consultation in order to set up Interconnection guidelines to precise the legal framework:

  • Definition of relevant market and the determination of SMP

  • Introduction of the long run incremental cost (LRIC) method

  • Carrier pre-selection.


Concepts of relevant market and smp significant market power

CONCEPTS OF RELEVANT MARKET AND SMP (Significant Market Power)

  • The definition of the relevant market in both its service and geographic dimensions often has a decisive influence on the assessment of a competition case.

  • a possible relevant market could be :

    • Market of fixed telephony

    • Market of mobile telephony

    • Market of leased lines

    • Market of Interconnection.

  • ANRT:

    • determine the criteria of the relevant market

  • and

    • establish the methods of assessing the position of operators in the market of concern.


  • Lric long run incremental cost

    LRIC (Long run Incremental cost)

    The LRIC (Long run Incremental cost) method will allow the regulator to assess the operators efficiency through the orientation of their interconnection tariffs toward costs.

    • On the other hand, LRIC would insure the respect of the following principles :

      • relevancy

      • efficiency

      • economic optimum

      • financial viability

      • fair competition

    • - The current challenge for ANRT is to develop a tool for interconnection costs calculations based on LRIC Approach.


    Interconnection new services

    INTERCONNECTION & NEW services

    Introduce adaptation to the legal framework of interconnection in order to take into account the specification related to advanced services like UMTS, IP telephony, GPRS etc…


    Long terme challenges local loop unbundling

    LONG TERME CHALLENGES : LOCAL LOOP UNBUNDLING

    • Important competitive stakes:

    • Diversity of choice for customers

    • Reduction of the access cost to the market.

    • Efficient means for the new entrant ( Direct relationship with the customer)

    • Opportunities for the development of the economy via the development of internet access.


    Long term challenges number portability

    LONG TERM CHALLENGES : NUMBER PORTABILITY

    • Number portability is the possibility for the customer to keep his phone number while he :

      • change the geographical zone

      • change the operator

      • change the telephonic services

    • Number portability fosters the development of competition.


    Conclusion

    CONCLUSION

    “healthy” interconnection process :

    Independent team with wide ranging expertise

    Good calculation tools

    Good benchmark knowledge

    And….

    But,

    For sure, your decision will be challenged


    Www anrt net ma

    www.anrt.net.ma

    MERCI

    POUR

    VOTRE ATTENTION


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