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NSLW Conference. Sustainable Local Food Systems: Best Practices. Andrew Jameton College of Public Health, UNMC City Sprouts December 11, 2008. Outline: Local Food Systems. Plusses & Minuses Climate Change as Reason Food outlets & distribution Production models

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sustainable local food systems best practices

NSLW Conference

Sustainable Local Food Systems:Best Practices

Andrew Jameton

College of Public Health, UNMC

City Sprouts

December 11, 2008

outline local food systems
Outline: Local Food Systems
  • Plusses & Minuses
  • Climate Change as Reason
  • Food outlets & distribution
  • Production models
  • Starting a community garden
  • Associated businesses
  • Misc local information and sources
city sprouts flower boy
City Sprouts Flower Boy

City Sprouts Gardening Volunteer

five domains
Five Domains
  • Environmental (natural and man-built)
  • Socio-cultural (history, conditions, and contexts)
  • Technological (appropriate, sustainable)
  • Economics (the production of goods and services within a sustainable context, and the financial resources to support the production, trade, operations, and maintenance)
  • Public Policy (government, or public rules/regulations)
five maybe six domains
Five (Maybe Six) Domains
  • Environmental (natural and man-built)
  • Socio-cultural (history, conditions, and contexts)
  • Technological (appropriate, sustainable)
  • Economics (the production of goods and services within a sustainable context, and the financial resources to support the production, trade, operations, and maintenance)
  • Public Policy (government, or public rules/regulations)
  • Health, public health, sustainable health, intergenerational health, environmental health
locavore demand
Locavore Demand
  • There is growing consumer demand for local, healthy, high quality food
  • The obesity epidemic has stimulated a wide range of private, public, and individual efforts to improve diet
  • Links between diet and exercise are being promoted and explored
bottom line
Bottom Line
  • There are many viable inner-city, local, community and urban agriculture projects all over the United States.
  • There are many reliable and informed sources available on starting and managing such projects.
  • There also exists a wide variety of reports on the relationships of agriculture to environmental preservation and climate change.
  • Preserving health through diet and exercise is a key theme of these enterprises, although sustaining community, justice, and micro-economics are also important themes.
  • Although expanding, such projects have so far only displaced a small percentage of more industrial, commercial, food intake.
plusses
Plusses
  • Integrated approach (therefore, efficient)
  • Freshness (but, frozen can be fresher than stored local)
  • Energy and material conservation (storage, packaging, freezing)
  • Composting harbors atmospheric carbon
  • Healthiness of food (selection, psychological satisfaction)
  • Improved control, “Food Security”
  • Community projects, empowerment, neighborhoods
  • Small business
  • Link with exercise
  • Science, agriculture, cooking, and dietary education
minuses
Minuses
  • More of the same?
  • Not necessarily organic
  • Note necessarily safe: Leaded soil
  • Grains need wide area
  • Meat (rabbits, chickens) highly regulated; have risks
  • Theft
  • Instability of community projects
climate change as reason
Climate Change as Reason
  • General agricultural impacts:
    • Loss of agricultural land
    • Changes in water patterns, especially drying, desertification
    • Loss of economic prosperity in affected areas
  • Migration
    • Instability, food insecurity
    • Agricultural, gardening, and food preparation skills
food outlets distribution
Food Outlets & Distribution
  • Farmers Markets
  • Restaurants
  • Whole Foods
  • Front yards
  • Churches
  • At the garden
  • “Consignment” shops
  • Trucks
  • Food banks
  • WIC Program, Food Stamps
production models
Production Models
  • Personal use
  • Personal and neighbor use
  • Schools, Churches, Neighborhoods
    • “Every child should have the experience of eating something he or she has grown from seed.”
  • CSAs (Community Supported Agriculture)
  • “Truck gardens”
  • “Victory gardens”
  • Edge farms (for larger growing areas)
starting a community garden
Starting a Community Garden
  • A champion
  • Acquiring land (buying, renting, donations, land trust), sunny, flat, clean, accessible
  • Water, rainwater, gray water, city water, neighbor water
  • Soil amendments, mulching, composting
  • Plowing
  • Tools, Safe storage area
  • Fencing, signage
  • Community events, ceremonies, dinners
  • Educational program
  • Insurance, 501c3, incorporation, business plan, naming, gardening policies, community outreach
associated businesses
Associated Businesses
  • Breeding for local growing / seed saving
  • Greenhousing, sprouting, potting
  • Composting, mulches
    • Organic sources?
  • The food truck
  • Value added projects
  • Urban animal husbandry
nebraska
Nebraska
  • Nebraska Sustainable Agriculture Society
  • Center for Rural Affairs
  • NCR SARE
  • Nebraska Food Cooperative
  • College of Agriculture (& the Extension)
  • Shadowbrook Farm (CSA, Lincoln)
  • Bloom’s Organics
  • Community Crops (Lincoln)
useful reports
Useful Reports
  • USDA. The effects of climate change on agriculture, land resources, water : Resources, and biodiversity in the United States, Final Report, Synthesis and Assessment Product 4.3
  • Managing Editor: Margaret Walsh ; Lead Authors: Peter Backlund, Anthony Janetos, and David Schimel
  • May, 2008
  • Available at: http://www.climatescience.gov/Library/sap/sap4-3/final-report/default.htm
  • Urban Agriculture Committee of the Community Food Security Coalition: Urban Agriculture and Community Food Security in the United States: Farming from the City Center To the Urban Fringe
  • Principal Author: Katherine H. Brown; Editor: Peter Mann; Contributors: Martin Bailkey, Alison Meares-Cohen, Joe Nasr, Jac Smit, Terri Buchanan
  • February, 2002
  • Available at: http://www.foodsecurity.org/urbanag.html
  • Leopold Instiitute: New Perspectives on Food Security
  • November 12-14, 2004 Conference Proceedings, Glynwood Center, NY
  • Leopold Institute Web Site: http://www.leopold.iastate.edu/
  • Available at: www.leopold.iastate.edu/pubs/other/files/food_security.pdf
  • FAO, Interdepartmental Working Group on Climate Change and the Stockholm Environment Institute: Climate Change and Food Security A Framework Document
  • October 2007
  • Available at:
  • www.fao.org/clim/docs/CDROM/docs/Food%20Security/key%20mes...20revised%20-%20Zurek.pdf
  • Good Search Terms:
  • +"best practices" +"food security" +sustainability +environment +health +Nebraska
my contact information
My Contact Information
  • Andrew Jameton
  • City Sprouts
    • www.omahasprouts.org
    • City Sprouts Director Kate Card, 402-502-5902, [email protected]
    • City Sprouts, PO Box 31593, Omaha, NE 68131-0593
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