Sustainable local food systems best practices
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NSLW Conference. Sustainable Local Food Systems: Best Practices. Andrew Jameton College of Public Health, UNMC City Sprouts December 11, 2008. Outline: Local Food Systems. Plusses & Minuses Climate Change as Reason Food outlets & distribution Production models

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Sustainable Local Food Systems: Best Practices

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NSLW Conference

Sustainable Local Food Systems:Best Practices

Andrew Jameton

College of Public Health, UNMC

City Sprouts

December 11, 2008


Outline: Local Food Systems

  • Plusses & Minuses

  • Climate Change as Reason

  • Food outlets & distribution

  • Production models

  • Starting a community garden

  • Associated businesses

  • Misc local information and sources


Annie Greenhouse, Educational Ramifications of Gardening


City Sprouts Flower Boy

City Sprouts Gardening Volunteer


Five Domains

  • Environmental (natural and man-built)

  • Socio-cultural (history, conditions, and contexts)

  • Technological (appropriate, sustainable)

  • Economics (the production of goods and services within a sustainable context, and the financial resources to support the production, trade, operations, and maintenance)

  • Public Policy (government, or public rules/regulations)


Five (Maybe Six) Domains

  • Environmental (natural and man-built)

  • Socio-cultural (history, conditions, and contexts)

  • Technological (appropriate, sustainable)

  • Economics (the production of goods and services within a sustainable context, and the financial resources to support the production, trade, operations, and maintenance)

  • Public Policy (government, or public rules/regulations)

  • Health, public health, sustainable health, intergenerational health, environmental health


Locavore Demand

  • There is growing consumer demand for local, healthy, high quality food

  • The obesity epidemic has stimulated a wide range of private, public, and individual efforts to improve diet

  • Links between diet and exercise are being promoted and explored


Bottom Line

  • There are many viable inner-city, local, community and urban agriculture projects all over the United States.

  • There are many reliable and informed sources available on starting and managing such projects.

  • There also exists a wide variety of reports on the relationships of agriculture to environmental preservation and climate change.

  • Preserving health through diet and exercise is a key theme of these enterprises, although sustaining community, justice, and micro-economics are also important themes.

  • Although expanding, such projects have so far only displaced a small percentage of more industrial, commercial, food intake.


Plusses

  • Integrated approach (therefore, efficient)

  • Freshness (but, frozen can be fresher than stored local)

  • Energy and material conservation (storage, packaging, freezing)

  • Composting harbors atmospheric carbon

  • Healthiness of food (selection, psychological satisfaction)

  • Improved control, “Food Security”

  • Community projects, empowerment, neighborhoods

  • Small business

  • Link with exercise

  • Science, agriculture, cooking, and dietary education


Minuses

  • More of the same?

  • Not necessarily organic

  • Note necessarily safe: Leaded soil

  • Grains need wide area

  • Meat (rabbits, chickens) highly regulated; have risks

  • Theft

  • Instability of community projects


Climate Change as Reason

  • General agricultural impacts:

    • Loss of agricultural land

    • Changes in water patterns, especially drying, desertification

    • Loss of economic prosperity in affected areas

  • Migration

    • Instability, food insecurity

    • Agricultural, gardening, and food preparation skills


Food Outlets & Distribution

  • Farmers Markets

  • Restaurants

  • Whole Foods

  • Front yards

  • Churches

  • At the garden

  • “Consignment” shops

  • Trucks

  • Food banks

  • WIC Program, Food Stamps


Production Models

  • Personal use

  • Personal and neighbor use

  • Schools, Churches, Neighborhoods

    • “Every child should have the experience of eating something he or she has grown from seed.”

  • CSAs (Community Supported Agriculture)

  • “Truck gardens”

  • “Victory gardens”

  • Edge farms (for larger growing areas)


Starting a Community Garden

  • A champion

  • Acquiring land (buying, renting, donations, land trust), sunny, flat, clean, accessible

  • Water, rainwater, gray water, city water, neighbor water

  • Soil amendments, mulching, composting

  • Plowing

  • Tools, Safe storage area

  • Fencing, signage

  • Community events, ceremonies, dinners

  • Educational program

  • Insurance, 501c3, incorporation, business plan, naming, gardening policies, community outreach


Associated Businesses

  • Breeding for local growing / seed saving

  • Greenhousing, sprouting, potting

  • Composting, mulches

    • Organic sources?

  • The food truck

  • Value added projects

  • Urban animal husbandry


Nebraska

  • Nebraska Sustainable Agriculture Society

  • Center for Rural Affairs

  • NCR SARE

  • Nebraska Food Cooperative

  • College of Agriculture (& the Extension)

  • Shadowbrook Farm (CSA, Lincoln)

  • Bloom’s Organics

  • Community Crops (Lincoln)


Useful Reports

  • USDA. The effects of climate change on agriculture, land resources, water : Resources, and biodiversity in the United States, Final Report, Synthesis and Assessment Product 4.3

  • Managing Editor: Margaret Walsh ; Lead Authors: Peter Backlund, Anthony Janetos, and David Schimel

  • May, 2008

  • Available at: http://www.climatescience.gov/Library/sap/sap4-3/final-report/default.htm

  • Urban Agriculture Committee of the Community Food Security Coalition: Urban Agriculture and Community Food Security in the United States: Farming from the City Center To the Urban Fringe

  • Principal Author: Katherine H. Brown; Editor: Peter Mann; Contributors: Martin Bailkey, Alison Meares-Cohen, Joe Nasr, Jac Smit, Terri Buchanan

  • February, 2002

  • Available at: http://www.foodsecurity.org/urbanag.html

  • Leopold Instiitute: New Perspectives on Food Security

  • November 12-14, 2004 Conference Proceedings, Glynwood Center, NY

  • Leopold Institute Web Site: http://www.leopold.iastate.edu/

  • Available at: www.leopold.iastate.edu/pubs/other/files/food_security.pdf

  • FAO, Interdepartmental Working Group on Climate Change and the Stockholm Environment Institute: Climate Change and Food Security A Framework Document

  • October 2007

  • Available at:

  • www.fao.org/clim/docs/CDROM/docs/Food%20Security/key%20mes...20revised%20-%20Zurek.pdf

  • Good Search Terms:

  • +"best practices" +"food security" +sustainability +environment +health +Nebraska


My Contact Information

  • Andrew Jameton

    • UNMC College of Public Health

    • 402-559-4680

    • [email protected]

  • City Sprouts

    • www.omahasprouts.org

    • City Sprouts Director Kate Card, 402-502-5902, [email protected]

    • City Sprouts, PO Box 31593, Omaha, NE 68131-0593


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