Disability Awareness . Training Module. What is a Disability. There are several ways of defining disability. The social model looks at ways in which disabled people live their lives and the barriers that society imposes.
What is a Disability
There are several ways of defining disability.
The social model looks at ways in which disabled people live their lives and the barriers that society imposes.
The medical model defines impairment, disability and handicap as follows:
Impairment – loss or abnormality in structure or function
Disability – inability to perform an activity within normal range for a human being because of impairment
Handicap – inability to carry out normal social roles because of impairment/ handicap
Types of Impairment
The subsequent effects of an illness, accident or medical
condition upon a way a person functions can be divided into two categories: Visible and Invisible.
For example someone in a wheel chair has an obvious physical impairment. Whilst someone who suffers from diabetes may have a visual impairment and mobility issues due to slow circulation & loss of sensation.
8.6 million people
in the UK are disabled people
1 million people
More than 1 million people
have learning disabilities
2 million people
rely on hearing aids
are profoundly deaf
5 million disabled people
are of working age
use British Sign Language
Source: Wheel Power
Wheelchair Users Group, Goodhew House, 119 Enbrook Valley,
Folkestone, CT20 3NE