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西方经济学 精品课程. 开放教育本科. 第 9 章. 国民收入核算. 学习要求 重点名词 国内生产总值、国内生产净值、国民生产总值、个人可支配收入 主要问题: 国内生产总值与国民生产总值的关系 国内生产总值的计算方法 实际国内生产总值与名义国内生产总值 国民收入核算中的五个总量指标. 第一节 国内生产总值的含义与计算. 先从一个企业的生产谈起。. 一、国内生产总值的含义. 假设某企业 1998 年生产和销售 500 万美元制成品 其中原材料、能源等消耗 300 万美元 价值增值 : 200 万美元.

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开放教育本科

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9



1998500

300

200


5


Intermediate good


Final goods


gross domestic product GDP


GDPGDP

GDP

GDP

GDP


1.(

GDPGDP

GDP


GDP


GDP=C+I+G+X-M

()

GDP


2.(


1996GDP(10,)

(:)


GDP

3.()


GDPGDP

GDPGDP

GDPGDP



1.(GDP)


NDP

NDP=GDP-

2.NDP


NI

NI=NDP-

3.(national income NI)


PI

PI=NI--

+

+

4.(personal income PI)


PDI)

PDI=PI-=+

5.(personal disposable income PDI)


Gross National Product

GDPGNP


GDP

GNP

GDPGNP

GNP=GDP+-

GDPGNP


MPS

SNA

GDPNDPNIPIPDI

MPSSNA



GDP

GDP

ADAS


The National Economy of Two Sectors


1.

2.

3.

4.



1.

2.

3.

4.

5.



Leakage and Pour Into


(Leakage)

Leakage and Pour Into


  • (Pour Into)

  • ;

Leakage and Pour Into


I

S

C

C+I

S=I


ADCI

=+

AD=C+I


AS

=+

AS=C+S


ADAS

AD=C+IAS=C+S

C+IC+S

IS




AD=C+I+G


T

AS=C+S+T


ADAS

AD=C+I+GAS=C+S+T

C+I+GC+S+T

I+GS+T




X

AD=C+I+G+X

M

AS=C+S=T=M


ADAS

AD=C+I+G+X

AS=C+S+T+M

C+I+G+XC+S+T+M

I+G+XS+T+M


1.

;


2.


1.

A.

B.

C.

D.

B


2.

A.

B.

C.

D.

C


3.

A.

B.

C.

D.

D


4.

A.

B.

C.

D.

B


5.

A.

B.

C.

D.

D


6.( )

A

B

C.

D

B


7

A

B

C

D

D


1.GDPGDPGDP


2.


3.



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