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开放教育本科 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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西方经济学 精品课程. 开放教育本科. 第 9 章. 国民收入核算. 学习要求 重点名词 国内生产总值、国内生产净值、国民生产总值、个人可支配收入 主要问题: 国内生产总值与国民生产总值的关系 国内生产总值的计算方法 实际国内生产总值与名义国内生产总值 国民收入核算中的五个总量指标. 第一节 国内生产总值的含义与计算. 先从一个企业的生产谈起。. 一、国内生产总值的含义. 假设某企业 1998 年生产和销售 500 万美元制成品 其中原材料、能源等消耗 300 万美元 价值增值 : 200 万美元.

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开放教育本科

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9


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1998500

300

200


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5


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Intermediate good


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Final goods


Gross domestic product gdp

gross domestic product GDP


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GDPGDP

GDP

GDP

GDP


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1.(

GDPGDP

GDP


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GDP


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GDP=C+I+G+X-M

()

GDP


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2.(


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1996GDP(10,)

(:)


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GDP

3.()


Gdp gdp

GDPGDP

GDPGDP

GDPGDP


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1.(GDP)


2 ndp

NDP

NDP=GDP-

2.NDP


3 national income ni

NI

NI=NDP-

3.(national income NI)


4 personal income pi

PI

PI=NI--

+

+

4.(personal income PI)


5 personal disposable income pdi

PDI)

PDI=PI-=+

5.(personal disposable income PDI)


Gdp gnp

Gross National Product

GDPGNP


Gdp gnp1

GDP

GNP

GDPGNP

GNP=GDP+-

GDPGNP


Mps sna

MPS

SNA

GDPNDPNIPIPDI

MPSSNA


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GDP

GDP

ADAS


The national economy of two sectors

The National Economy of Two Sectors


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1.

2.

3.

4.


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1.

2.

3.

4.

5.


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Leakage and Pour Into


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(Leakage)

Leakage and Pour Into


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  • (Pour Into)

  • ;

Leakage and Pour Into


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I

S

C

C+I

S=I


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ADCI

=+

AD=C+I


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AS

=+

AS=C+S


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ADAS

AD=C+IAS=C+S

C+IC+S

IS


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AD=C+I+G


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T

AS=C+S+T


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ADAS

AD=C+I+GAS=C+S+T

C+I+GC+S+T

I+GS+T


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X

AD=C+I+G+X

M

AS=C+S=T=M


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ADAS

AD=C+I+G+X

AS=C+S+T+M

C+I+G+XC+S+T+M

I+G+XS+T+M


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1.

;


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2.


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1.

A.

B.

C.

D.

B


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2.

A.

B.

C.

D.

C


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3.

A.

B.

C.

D.

D


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4.

A.

B.

C.

D.

B


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5.

A.

B.

C.

D.

D


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6.( )

A

B

C.

D

B


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7

A

B

C

D

D


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1.GDPGDPGDP


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2.


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3.


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