Reflexive verbs
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REFLEXIVE VERBS. TABLE DE MATIERES. Definition Examples of relexive verbs Comparison with regular verbs Formation. DEFINITION. Reflexive verbs allow one to tell what one does to oneself. (Imagine a mirror reflecting actions you do to yourself.)

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REFLEXIVE VERBS

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Reflexive verbs

REFLEXIVE VERBS


Table de matieres

TABLE DE MATIERES

  • Definition

  • Examples of relexive verbs

  • Comparison with regular verbs

  • Formation


Definition

DEFINITION

  • Reflexive verbs allow one to tell what one does to oneself. (Imagine a mirror reflecting actions you do to yourself.)

  • S’APPELER is a reflexive verb meaning “to call oneself”. When you say “Je m’appelle …”, you are saying “I call

    myself …”.


Examples of reflexive verbs

EXAMPLES OF REFLEXIVE VERBS

  • S’AMUSER = TO HAVE FUN

  • SE RÉVEILLER = TO WAKE UP

  • SE LEVER = TO GET ONESELF UP

  • SE LAVER = TO WASH ONESELF

  • S’HABILLER = TO DRESS ONESELF

  • SE PROMENER = TO GO FOR A WALK

  • SE BAIGNER = TO SUNBATHE

  • SE NOURRIR = TO NOURISH ONESELF

  • SE COUCHER = TO GO TO BED


Comparison with regular verbs

COMPARISON WITH REGULAR VERBS

  • Reflexive verbs have a pronoun that agrees with the subject. For example, the “me” in “Je m’appelle” agrees with “je” the way “me/myself” agrees with “I”. This pronoun will be the object.

  • Regular verbs have objects that are different from the subject. In the sentence “J’appelle ma mère”, there is no reflexive pronoun. I am not calling myself; “ma mère” is a separate object.


Reflexive verbs

EXAMPLES

  • Je M’habille  I dress MYSELF.

  • J’habille la poupée  I dress the doll.

  • Nous NOUS lavons  We wash ourselves.

  • Nous lavons la voiture  We wash the car.


Formation

FORMATION

  • The reflexive pronoun SE of the verb changes to agree with the subject.

    je  MEnous  NOUS

    tu  TEvous  VOUS

    il  SEelles  SE

    The pronouns come before the verb in general. The rest of the verb is conjugated normally.


S amuser to have fun amuse oneself

S’AMUSER – TO HAVE FUN(AMUSE ONESELF)

JE M’ AMUSE

TU T’ AMUSES

IL S’ AMUSE

NOUS NOUS AMUSONS

VOUS VOUS AMUSEZ

ELLES S’ AMUSENT


Se r veiller to wake up

SE RÉVEILLER – TO WAKE UP

  • Je __________________

  • Tu __________________

  • Il ___________________

  • Nous __________________

  • Vous __________________

  • Elles ___________________


Reflexive verbs

  • When you have a subject and use a reflexive verb in the infinitive (without conjugating it), you still change the pronoun to agree with the subject.

    Je vais ME brosser les dents.

    (I’m going to brush my teeth.

    Nous n’aimons pas NOUS lever tôt.

    (We don’t like to get up early.)


Reflexive verbs

  • With AFFIRMATIVE commands, the reflexive pronoun follows the verb and a hyphen. TE changes to TOI. Remember you don’t say the subject (TU, NOUS, VOUS) in a command.

    Lave-TOI!Wash yourself!

    Promenons-NOUS!Let’s go for a walk!

    Dépêchez-VOUS! Hurry yourselves up!


Reflexive verbs

  • Negative commands are normal (that is, the pronoun comes before the verb).

    Ne T’habille pas comme ça!

    Don’t dress like that!

    Ne VOUS fâchez pas.

    Don’t get yourself all mad.


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