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Five Major Food Gathering Strategies. h unting & gathering. 2. . . agriculture . For most of human history, homo sapiens have used the subsistence strategy of. Neolithic Revolution The Rise of Food Production.

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five major food gathering strategies
Five Major Food Gathering Strategies
  • hunting & gathering

2. .

  • .
  • agriculture
  • .
neolithic revolution the rise of food production
Neolithic RevolutionThe Rise of Food Production
  • ; for this reason, some anthropologists prefer to call it the Neolithic Transition

Differencebetween a revolution and a transition?

neolithic revolution the rise of food production1
Neolithic RevolutionThe Rise of Food Production
  • transition from food collection to food production; for this reason, some anthropologists prefer to call it the Neolithic Transition
  • began
neolithic revolution the rise of food production2
Neolithic RevolutionThe Rise of Food Production
  • transition from food collection to food production; for this reason, some anthropologists prefer to call it the Neolithic Transition
  • began 10,000 years ago in China and the Middle East
  • humans began : growing their own crops and keeping herds of animals
  • humans were able to produce food rather than collect what nature produced
changes resulting from food production
Changes Resulting From Food Production

WHY?

  • increased
  • populations became more
  • created a greater division of labor – not everyone had the same job

C I V I L I Z A T I O N

changes resulting from food production1
Changes Resulting From Food Production
  • increased population
  • populations became more sedentary – created settlements
  • created a greater division of labor – not everyone had the same job specialization
  • reduced the life expectancy from 26 to 19 years
changes resulting from food production2
Changes Resulting From Food Production
  • increased population
  • populations became more sedentary – created settlements
  • created a greater division of labor – not everyone had the same job specialization
  • decline in overall health reduced the lifeexpectancy from 26 to 19 years
food production declining health
Food Production Declining Health
  • while (some) hunter-gatherers had a more balanced diet  variety of plants and animal proteins
  • agriculturalists ran the if the crops failed– greater risk of widespread famine
food production declining health1
Food Production Declining Health
  •  + sedentary life = 
  •  + population density = 
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