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Five Major Food Gathering Strategies. h unting & gathering. 2. . . agriculture . For most of human history, homo sapiens have used the subsistence strategy of. Neolithic Revolution The Rise of Food Production.

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Five major food gathering strategies
Five Major Food Gathering Strategies

  • hunting & gathering

2. .

  • .

  • agriculture

  • .


For most of human history homo sapiens have used the subsistence strategy of
For most of human history, homo sapiens have used the subsistence strategy of


Neolithic revolution the rise of food production
Neolithic RevolutionThe Rise of Food Production

  • ; for this reason, some anthropologists prefer to call it the Neolithic Transition

Differencebetween a revolution and a transition?


Neolithic revolution the rise of food production1
Neolithic RevolutionThe Rise of Food Production

  • transition from food collection to food production; for this reason, some anthropologists prefer to call it the Neolithic Transition

  • began


Neolithic revolution the rise of food production2
Neolithic RevolutionThe Rise of Food Production

  • transition from food collection to food production; for this reason, some anthropologists prefer to call it the Neolithic Transition

  • began 10,000 years ago in China and the Middle East

  • humans began : growing their own crops and keeping herds of animals

  • humans were able to produce food rather than collect what nature produced


Changes resulting from food production
Changes Resulting From Food Production

WHY?

  • increased

  • populations became more

  • created a greater division of labor – not everyone had the same job

C I V I L I Z A T I O N


Changes resulting from food production1
Changes Resulting From Food Production

  • increased population

  • populations became more sedentary – created settlements

  • created a greater division of labor – not everyone had the same job specialization

  • reduced the life expectancy from 26 to 19 years


Changes resulting from food production2
Changes Resulting From Food Production

  • increased population

  • populations became more sedentary – created settlements

  • created a greater division of labor – not everyone had the same job specialization

  • decline in overall health reduced the lifeexpectancy from 26 to 19 years


Food production declining health
Food Production Declining Health

  • while (some) hunter-gatherers had a more balanced diet  variety of plants and animal proteins

  • agriculturalists ran the if the crops failed– greater risk of widespread famine


Food production declining health1
Food Production Declining Health

  •  + sedentary life = 

  •  + population density = 


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