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Auschwitz / Birkenau PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Auschwitz / Birkenau. Location. Auschwitz/Birkenau is located in Oswiecim, Poland . Established/Liberated . Auschwitz/Birkenau was established on O ctober 8 th 1941. Then it was liberated on January 27 th 1945. Number Killed.

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Auschwitz / Birkenau

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Auschwitz/ Birkenau


Location

  • Auschwitz/Birkenau is located in Oswiecim, Poland


Established/Liberated

  • Auschwitz/Birkenau was established on October 8th 1941. Then it was liberated on January 27th 1945.


Number Killed

  • It is estimated that The Nazis killed 2.1 to 2.5 million Jews, Gypsies, and Homosexuals in Auschwitz/Birkenau, But that is only an estimate. People think that at least 4 million were killed by the Nazis in that one camp!


Purpose of the Camp

  • Auschwitz/ Birkenau is a Sub camp but it was also an extermination camp.


Interesting facts

  • Auschwitz/ Birkenau was liberated by the red army or the Soviet Union.

  • There was a total of 7 gas chambers in Auschwitz/ Birkenau.

  • There were 3 Crematoriums were they burned the dead into ashes.

  • This camp had more security than any other camp in Poland


Bergen-Belsen


Location

  • Bergen-Belsen is located in Lower Saxony, Germany.


Established/Liberated

  • Bergen-Belsen was established in 1940 and was liberated in April 15th 1945 by British troops.


Number Killed

  • It is estimated that about 18,000 people died every month in this camp by the end it is thought to have killed about 2 million people.


Purpose of the Camp

  • This camp was originally a Prisoner of war camp but was then turned into a death camp.


Facts

  • Anne Frank was sent here and died here.

  • This camp was liberated by the British.

  • About 20,000 died in one month

  • Anne Franks Margot also died here


Westerbork


Location

  • The location of Westerbork is in the Netherlands near the towns Westerbork and Assen


Established/Liberated

  • This camp was established in October 1939 and was liberated in April 1945.


Number killed

  • Unlike the other camps Westerbork was a deportation camp we it send 54,940 Jews to Auschwitz, 34,313 to Sobibor, 4,771 to Theresienstadt ghetto and 3,762 to Bergen Belsen.


Purpose of the camp

  • The Purpose of this camp was a Deportation camp where it would house Jewish refugees mainly from Germany.


Facts

  • This was a deportation camp

  • Liberated by Canadian allies

  • Anne Frank was kept here then deported to Bergen-Belsen

  • EttyHillesum was also kept here


Belzec


Location

  • Belzec was located in Belzec Southeastern Poland near Lvov (L’viv)


Establishment/Liberation

  • It was established in March 1941and was not liberated it was dismantled by the Nazis and they killed everyone there then they Planted trees and crops to disguise it as a farm


Number killed

  • It is thought that about 600,000 were killed by Nazis in this camp


Purpose of the Camp

  • This camp was a deportation camp and an extermination camp. It is estimated that about 434,500 Jews were deported to other camps.


Facts

  • Reports of killing by electrocution.

  • No one knew about Belzec because it was taken down and turned into a farm by the Nazis.

  • This was one of the most Mysterious camps because there were absolutely no records of it.

  • There is still many questions about Belzec.


Majdanek


Location

  • Majdanek is located in the outskirts of Lublin, Poland


Establishment/Liberation

  • It was established in October 1, 1941and then Liberated By the Soviet Union in July 23, 1944.


Number Killed

  • When the Soviets liberated the camp They thought to have seen at least 1.7 million Jews dead there in a big pile but when they revised their numbers they counted 1.5 million Jews dead.


Purpose of the camp

  • This camp was originally a POW camp but then changed to and extermination camp for Jews.


Facts

  • The area of the camp was about 2.7 sq. kilometers, surrounded by an electrified barbed wire fence and watch-towers. It was surrounded by workshops and storage facilities.

  • The first inmates were Polish political prisoners, Polish Jews and 5,000 Soviet POWs who arrived in October 1941.

  • The gas used in this camp was the same as the gas used in Auschwitz/ Birkenau Zyklon-B

  • The largest massacre occurred on November 3, 1943, when 17,000 Jews were machine-gunned to death as part of the 'ErntefestAktion'. It is estimated that up to 500,000 people passed through Majdanek, of whom 200,000 perished. Approximately 125,000 of these were Jews.


BIBLIOGRAPHY

  • http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/article.php?lang=en&ModuleId=10005217

  • http://history1900s.about.com/cs/bergenbelsen/

  • http://www.jewishgen.org/ForgottenCamps/Camps/AuschwitzEng.html

  • http://www.shoaheducation.com/camps/location.html#belzec

  • http://www.scrapbookpages.com/poland/majdanek/Majdanek.html


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