Auschwitz / Birkenau. Location. Auschwitz/Birkenau is located in Oswiecim, Poland . Established/Liberated . Auschwitz/Birkenau was established on O ctober 8 th 1941. Then it was liberated on January 27 th 1945. Number Killed.
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It is estimated that The Nazis killed 2.1 to 2.5 million Jews, Gypsies, and Homosexuals in Auschwitz/Birkenau, But that is only an estimate. People think that at least 4 million were killed by the Nazis in that one camp!
The area of the camp was about 2.7 sq. kilometers, surrounded by an electrified barbed wire fence and watch-towers. It was surrounded by workshops and storage facilities.
The first inmates were Polish political prisoners, Polish Jews and 5,000 Soviet POWs who arrived in October 1941.
The gas used in this camp was the same as the gas used in Auschwitz/ Birkenau Zyklon-B
The largest massacre occurred on November 3, 1943, when 17,000 Jews were machine-gunned to death as part of the 'ErntefestAktion'. It is estimated that up to 500,000 people passed through Majdanek, of whom 200,000 perished. Approximately 125,000 of these were Jews.