Hybrid GIS Technology for Groundwater Resource Management in India Prabir Kumar Mukherjee. April 2, 2014. Agenda. Introduction. Need for Groundwater Resource Management. GIS in Groundwater Resource Management. Improved Technology - GIT. Business Benefits. Introduction.
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Hybrid GIS Technology for Groundwater Resource Management in IndiaPrabir Kumar Mukherjee
April 2, 2014
Need for Groundwater Resource Management
GIS in Groundwater Resource Management
Improved Technology - GIT
‘pragmatic but principled approach that
respects the concepts of economic efficiency, social equity and environmental sustainability but recognizes that management can be
intensely political and that reform requires prioritised, sequenced, practical and patient interventions’.
Reference: GWMate Briefing Note
(excess rainfall, surface water seepage)
(irrigation losses, wastewater returns)
(aquitard leakage, cross-formational flow)
SUSTAINABLE GROUNDWATER DEVELOPMENT
Water for People
(drinking water & Sanitation and livelihood)
Water for development
(agriculture & Industry)
Water for the Environment
(Springs, surface water, wetlands, coastal zone)
Water and land use efficient
Increasing demand + Contaminant Load
Acceptable demand + contaminant load
Water and land-use behaviour worsen
Dissatisfaction of water-users increases
Aquifer system/ groundwater resources impacted
Quality and quantity deteriorated
Aquifer system/ groundwater resources protected
Quality and quantity stabilize
Definition of Water Rights
Decentralised Administrative setup
Reliable supply reducing with increasing cost
Secure supply at reasonable cost
In 1970 - Computer Mapping
During this period most GIS analysis were limited to Manual Processing of spatial data. This period saw computer mapping automate map drafting. The points, lines and areas defining geographic features on a map are represented as an organized set of X, Y coordinates.
In 1980 – Spatial Database Management
Spatial database management systems were developed that linked computer mapping capabilities
with traditional database management capabilities. Increasing demands for mapped data
focused attention on data availability, accuracy and standards, as well as data structure issues.
4D GIS (XYZ and Time)
In 1990 - Map Analysis / Modeling
During this period the bulk of descriptive query operations were available in most GIS
systems and attention turned to a comprehensive theory of map analysis. The spatial
information used to represented numerically, rather than in analog way as inked
lines on a map. The GIS applications were now centering towards two forms
spatial statistics and spatial analysis in groundwater study.
In 2000 - Multimedia Mapping
In this period, GIS systems and applications saw new trends like Data Exchange &
Interoperability Standards, Development of Web Services, Enhanced Display
Capabilities, 3D visualization, Integration of Global Positioning System and Remote
Sensing Imagery with GIS in groundwater study.
4D GIS (XYZ and time), Tomorrow’s data structures will accommodate time as
a stored dimension and completely change the conventional mapping paradigm.
The future also will build on the cognitive basis, as well as the databases, of
GIS technology. Information systems are at a threshold that is pushing well
beyond mapping, management, modeling, and multimedia to spatial reasoning
Sustainability of Planet Earth: Connections between and achieving balance among social, economic and environmental pieces of a community.
Hybrid Technology/Geospatial Information
Technology (GIT) :
An integration of geo-spatial information
science and technology into a geographic information system (GIS) which has
incredible role in SMART Governance
In groundwater management
SMART Governance means:
Process of decision making
in a simple, moral, accountable,
responsive, and transparent manner
TARGET of GIT
The method of data collection from field is time consuming and susceptible to errors. The recent development in mobile technology has enabled GIS information to be collected from field and update the modification directly to spatial repository in central database. This enables to add real time data to enterprise database and stakeholders can use the latest and more accurate data for analysis and decision making. Wireless connectivity, geo-services, and Web mapping applications allow field-based personnel to complete database transactions in near real time.
Field Mobile Users
Intranet Web Clients
Internet Web Clients
Internet Web Clients
Many Gaps Have Been Bridged with the Help of this Technology
GIS & IT