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BELLWORK. To what extent were Galtieri & Thatcher pressured by other generals/leaders to go to war over the Falklands? Describe Argentina’s naval plan to take back the Malvinas. (2 stages) What was the purpose of the HMS Endurance? Why doesn’t PM Thatcher settle the dispute diplomatically?

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BELLWORK

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Bellwork

BELLWORK

  • To what extent were Galtieri & Thatcher pressured by other generals/leaders to go to war over the Falklands?

  • Describe Argentina’s naval plan to take back the Malvinas. (2 stages)

  • What was the purpose of the HMS Endurance?

  • Why doesn’t PM Thatcher settle the dispute diplomatically?

  • Who did the U.S. side with? Why?

  • Why did Britain want to publicize the movement of their task force?

  • THINKER: Do you think Britain’s position in the UN security council benefitted them during the conflict? Why or why not? Do you think the UN should’ve reacted differently? Explain!


Bellwork

  • Admiral Jorge Anaya was the driving force in the Junta's decision to invade the Falklands

  • Never believed the UK would respond militarily.

  • Their goal: mobilize Argentines' patriotic feelings towards the islands and thus divert public attention from the country's economic problems and the regime's ongoing human rights violations


Argentine naval plans

Argentine Naval Plans

  • Est. presence on S. Georgia

  • Launch full scale invasion

  • Avoid TEZ w/ aircraft

  • Keep in mind: the royal navy was in the middle of military cutbacks that eliminated its force of aircraft carriers & amphibious vehicles


Argentine air force plans

Argentine Air Force Plans

  • Argentine Air Force: (FuerzaAérea Argentina; FAA)

  • Due to the distance required to fly to the islands, two minutes was the average time FAA attack aircraft had available in the target area.

FAA pilots plan during the war


Hms endurance at mar del plata naval base during her trip to the falklands on february 1982

HMS Endurance at Mar del Plata naval base, during her trip to the Falklands on February 1982


Key locations in the task force s logistic chain

Key locations in the Task Force’s logistic chain


Bellwork

  • The cover of Newsweek magazine, 19 April 1982, depicts HMS Hermes, flagship of the British Task Force


Bellwork

  • March 19, 1982: group of marines (posing as scrap metal merchants) raised Argentine flag over South Georgia

  • April 2, 1982: Argentina sent troops & occupied the Falklands

  • April 3: UN Resolution 502 demands withdrawal of all forces; GB announces task force to be sent to reclaim islands

  • April 28: Britain establishes a TEZ

  • May 2: GB sinks Argentine battle cruiser General Belgrano killing 323

  • As UN diplomatic talks broke down, it was clear there was no turning back! Neither side officially declared war, but come on….. Obvi!!!


Historical role play

Historical Role Play

  • Group A: Advisers to General Galtieri advocating FOR war over the Falklands

  • Group B: Advisers to General Galtieri advocating AGAINST war over the Falklands

  • Group C: Advisers to Margaret Thatcher arguing FOR war over the Falklands

  • Group D: Advisers to Margaret Thatcher arguing AGAINST war over the Falklands

  • You have 15 minutes to prepare a brief presentation/speech/statement on your viewpoint


What do you think

What do YOU think?

  • Which viewpoint do you agree with?

  • Who should be blamed for the conflict?

  • Why couldn’t this dispute be settled diplomatically? Were there any alternatives?


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