Types of Energy. Center for Nanoscience Technology Training North Dakota State College of Science. www.NDSCSnano.com. Energy. Energy – the ability to do work Makes cars go Makes bodies go Turn on lights. jnf7872.k12.sd.us/frontpage1/Animations.html. Two Types.
Types of Energy
Center for Nanoscience Technology Training
North Dakota State College of Science
Energy – the ability to do work
Makes cars go
Makes bodies go
Turn on lights
Potential - stored energy
Kinetic – motion energy
Chemical – energy stored in bonds of atoms
Ex. Biomass, coal, petroleum, etc – converted to thermal energy when burned
Nuclear – energy stored in the nucleus of the atom
Ex. Fission – splitting nucleii (as in powerplants)
Fusion – combining nucleii of atoms (as in sun with hydrogen atoms)
Mechanical – energy stored in objects by tension
Ex. stretched spring or rubber band
Gravitational energy – energy stored in height
Electrical energy – energy stored in a battery
Radiant energy – electromagnetic energy
ex. Light waves, x-rays, radio waves
Thermal energy – heat, vibration of atoms moving and colliding
ex. Geothermal within the Earth
Sound energy – produced through a vibration
Motion energy – energy stored in movement of objects, and released when objects slowed down
What is the difference between potential and kinetic energy?
Give an example of potential energy.
Give an example of kinetic energy.