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PM 330 Biosecurity. Biosecurity = safety of living things To the poultry industry…. protecting poultry flocks from any type of infectious agent - viral, bacterial, fungal, or parasitic. Biosecurity – Needs of poultry producers. Dr.Birkett Howarth, UGA. From. Dr.Birkett Howarth, UGA.

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PM 330 Biosecurity

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Pm 330 biosecurity

PM 330

Biosecurity

Biosecurity = safety of living things

To the poultry industry…. protecting poultry flocks

from any type of infectious agent

- viral, bacterial, fungal, or parasitic


Pm 330 biosecurity

Biosecurity – Needs of poultry producers

Dr.Birkett Howarth, UGA

From

Dr.Birkett Howarth, UGA

  • Original poultry farms were small in size and bird #

    • 100s to 1000s of birds


Pm 330 biosecurity

Biosecurity – Needs of poultry producers

From

Dr.Birkett Howarth, UGA

  • Now, vertical integration → → very large farms

    • high bird #’s

    • 100,000s of birds!


Pm 330 biosecurity

Hatchery

Feed Mill

Marketing

MegaBirdCo

Vet Med

QC/QA

Live Prod

Housing

Mainten.

Genetics

Breeding

Transp.

Transp.

Process

Live Haul


Pm 330 biosecurity

Biosecurity – Preventing disease in poultry

  • Sources of disease

    • new birds- wild birds, rodents, insects

    • carrier w/in flock- vaccines (live, contaminated)

    • infected eggs - contaminated feed

    • humans (hands, feet, clothes)- water

    • dust, feathers & manure- air


Pm 330 biosecurity

Biosecurity – Preventing disease in poultry

  • Mechanisms to control disease

    • Control human traffic

    • Control pests (rodents, CATS)

    • Control insects

    • Control plant growth near bldgs

Agent

Host

Environment


Pm 330 biosecurity

Biosecurity – Preventing disease in poultry

  • Controlling human traffic

  • Good records of access to bldgs


Pm 330 biosecurity

Biosecurity – Preventing disease in poultry

  • Controlling human traffic

  • Good records of access to bldgs

  • 2. Control what people are carrying

    • - shower in/out facility

    • - coveralls/lab coats

    • - booties, hairnets, gloves etc….

    • - footbaths

    • - wash your hands!!!

3. Keep all doors locked to keep out intruders


Pm 330 biosecurity

Biosecurity – Preventing disease in poultry

  • Controlling human traffic

4. Control vehicle movement

ALWAYS clean to dirty

NEVER backwards

5. Keep vehicles clean

Sanitize upon facility entry & exit

http://www.ryko.com/adweb/R168Main.jpg9/04


Pm 330 biosecurity

Biosecurity – Preventing disease in poultry

http://www.zealindia.com/gifs/header-chick-vaccine1.jpg 9/04

  • Controlling bird disease

1. Vaccinations

- choose appropriate vaccine

- choose appropriate administration

- be aware of risks!

2. Flock profiling

- routine serology and necropsy


Pm 330 biosecurity

Biosecurity – Preventing disease in poultry

  • Controlling bird disease

3. Cleaning house appropriately between flocks

- downtime helps determine appropriate protocol

4. Proper disposal of dead animals

- quick removal

- incinerate or bag & dispose

5. Reduce stress in house

- stress increases disease susceptibility!

6. Keep ages/species separated


Pm 330 biosecurity

Biosecurity – Preventing disease in poultry

  • Controlling bird disease

7. Report suspected disease outbreaks

- companion, production or wild birds

http://www.cdfa.ca.gov/ahfss/ah/avian_health_program.htm

http://www.health.co.hernando.fl.us/WestNileVirus/dbsurv082302.jpg 9/04


Pm 330 biosecurity

Biosecurity – Impact on human health

Food poisoning linked to parties

Poorly-cooked poultry is a source of food-poisoning

  • Healthier bird = healthier food product!


Pm 330 biosecurity

Biosecurity – Impact on human health

  • 2. Healthier bird = more $$$ to producer & consumer!

END cost consumers > $160 million to eradicate

increased poultry prices

21 commercial layer flocks destroyed

(> 3 million birds)

http://www.aphis.usda.gov/lpa/issues/enc/newcastle012103b.gif 9/04


Pm 330 biosecurity

Biosecurity – Impact on human health

3. Good biosecurity reduces threat of bioterrorism

http://www.niaid.nih.gov/director/congress/1998/0303/graphics/poster5.gif 9/04

For more information :

http://courses.che.umn.edu/00fscn8318-1s/2003%20Faculty%20Folder/

Biosecurity/838LogisticsBioterror-Full.pdf


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