Leadership and power
Download
1 / 25

Leadership and Power - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 186 Views
  • Updated On :

Leadership and Power . Chapter 5. If a man can accept a situation in a place of power with the thought that it’s only temporary, he comes out all right.  But when he thinks that he is the cause of the power, that can be his ruination.  Harry S. Truman. Bennis and Nanus.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Leadership and Power' - nemesio


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

Slide2 l.jpg


Bennis and nanus l.jpg
Bennis and Nanus thought that it’s only temporary, he comes out all right.  But when he thinks that he is the cause of the power, that can be his ruination. 

  • “Power is…the capacity to translate intention into reality and sustain it. Leadership is the wise use of this power….Vision is the commodity of leaders and power is their currency.”


Five primary sources of power l.jpg
Five Primary Sources of Power thought that it’s only temporary, he comes out all right.  But when he thinks that he is the cause of the power, that can be his ruination. 

  • Coercive Power

  • Reward Power

  • Legitimate Power

  • Expert Power

  • Referent Power


Coercive power l.jpg
Coercive Power thought that it’s only temporary, he comes out all right.  But when he thinks that he is the cause of the power, that can be his ruination. 

  • Is based on the right to administer punishment or give negative reinforcements.

  • Most effective when followers are aware of expectations and warned

  • User must follow through


Coercive power6 l.jpg

Benefits thought that it’s only temporary, he comes out all right.  But when he thinks that he is the cause of the power, that can be his ruination. 

Effective for gaining obedience

Appropriate for disciplinary actions

Achieves quick results

Costs

Drains physical and emotional energy

Lowers task satisfaction of followers

Coercive Power


Reward power l.jpg
Reward Power thought that it’s only temporary, he comes out all right.  But when he thinks that he is the cause of the power, that can be his ruination. 

  • User must be able to deliver something of value

  • Must be something the follower desires

  • Be specific about behavior being rewarded


Reward power8 l.jpg

Benefits thought that it’s only temporary, he comes out all right.  But when he thinks that he is the cause of the power, that can be his ruination. 

Culturally sanctioned

Focuses attention on group priorities

Effective for gaining obedience

Boosts short-term performance

Costs

Lower task satisfaction than with expert and referent power

Not consistently linked with high task performance

Escalating financial and material costs to provide ever-greater tangible rewards

Ineffective or destructive if rewards are not desirable or attractive or if the wrong person is rewarded

Reward Power


Kohn s reward power research l.jpg
Kohn’s Reward Power Research thought that it’s only temporary, he comes out all right.  But when he thinks that he is the cause of the power, that can be his ruination. 

  • Reward flip side of punishment

  • Does not appear to produce a lasting change

  • Rewards fail because:

    • Punish

    • Rupture relationships

    • Ignore reasons

    • Discourage risk taking

    • Undermine intrinsic motivation


Legitimate power l.jpg
Legitimate Power thought that it’s only temporary, he comes out all right.  But when he thinks that he is the cause of the power, that can be his ruination. 

  • Is connected to the position held

  • Is dependent upon the importance of the position held

  • May only work if used for valid requests


Legitimate power11 l.jpg

Benefits thought that it’s only temporary, he comes out all right.  But when he thinks that he is the cause of the power, that can be his ruination. 

Culturally sanctioned

Incorporates weight of the entire organization

Effective for gaining obedience

Helps large organizations function efficiently

Costs

Lowers follower task performance

Lowers follower task satisfaction

May become less effective over time

Legitimate Power


Expert power l.jpg
Expert Power thought that it’s only temporary, he comes out all right.  But when he thinks that he is the cause of the power, that can be his ruination. 

  • Based upon the person not the position

  • Influential because they provide information/skills

  • Important in our culture


Expert power13 l.jpg

Benefits thought that it’s only temporary, he comes out all right.  But when he thinks that he is the cause of the power, that can be his ruination. 

High follower task satisfaction

High follower task performance

Drains little if any, emotional energy from the user

Costs

Takes a long time to develop

Must possess the necessary knowledge and skills

Not as effective in gaining obedience as coercion, reward or legitimate power

May not be effective if followers do not share the leader’s goals

Expert Power


Referent power l.jpg
Referent Power thought that it’s only temporary, he comes out all right.  But when he thinks that he is the cause of the power, that can be his ruination. 

  • Role model power

  • Followers allow this type of influence because of affection, esteem, and respect for the other person

  • Can be depleted


Referent power15 l.jpg

Benefits thought that it’s only temporary, he comes out all right.  But when he thinks that he is the cause of the power, that can be his ruination. 

High follower task satisfaction

High follower task performance

Costs

Takes a long time to develop

Can diminish if overused

Must possess the necessary knowledge and interpersonal skills

Not as effective for gaining obedience as coercion, reward or legitimate power

Referent Power


Powerful and powerless talk l.jpg
Powerful and Powerless Talk thought that it’s only temporary, he comes out all right.  But when he thinks that he is the cause of the power, that can be his ruination. 

  • Standard Language

  • Speakers stereotyped by their use of words

  • Powerful talk makes speakers seem knowledgeable and confident

  • Adopt appropriate style for the situation


Powerless talk l.jpg
Powerless Talk thought that it’s only temporary, he comes out all right.  But when he thinks that he is the cause of the power, that can be his ruination. 

  • Hesitations

  • Hedges

  • Tag Questions

  • Disclaimers

  • Accounts

  • Side Particles


Tyrannical bosses l.jpg
Tyrannical Bosses thought that it’s only temporary, he comes out all right.  But when he thinks that he is the cause of the power, that can be his ruination. 

  • Track every move of their followers

  • Send conflicting messages about what they want

  • Engage in angry outbursts

  • Demand absolute obedience

  • Put followers down in public

  • Act arbitrarily

  • Coerce followers into unethical behavior


Empowerment l.jpg
Empowerment thought that it’s only temporary, he comes out all right.  But when he thinks that he is the cause of the power, that can be his ruination. 

  • Leaders gain more power through empowerment

    • Increases the job satisfaction and performance of followers

    • Fosters greater cooperation among group members

    • Collective survival

    • Contributes to personal growth and learning

    • Prevents power abuses


Components of the empowerment process l.jpg
Components of the Empowerment Process thought that it’s only temporary, he comes out all right.  But when he thinks that he is the cause of the power, that can be his ruination. 

  • Modifying the Environment

  • Supplying Resources

  • Building a Sense of Personal Power


Modifying the environment l.jpg
Modifying the Environment thought that it’s only temporary, he comes out all right.  But when he thinks that he is the cause of the power, that can be his ruination. 

  • Eliminate situational factors that lead to feelings of powerlessness

  • Shift decision making authority to followers


Supplying resources l.jpg
Supplying Resources thought that it’s only temporary, he comes out all right.  But when he thinks that he is the cause of the power, that can be his ruination. 

  • Followers need funds, supplies, time and a place to work

  • Political support

  • Need for information


Building a sense of personal power l.jpg
Building a Sense of Personal Power thought that it’s only temporary, he comes out all right.  But when he thinks that he is the cause of the power, that can be his ruination. 

  • Efficacy expectation

  • Leaders can build followers’ perceptions of their personal power:

    • Provide emotional support

    • Expressing confidence

    • Modeling successful performance or providing opportunities to observe others

    • Structuring tasks for initial success


Empowerment models l.jpg
Empowerment Models thought that it’s only temporary, he comes out all right.  But when he thinks that he is the cause of the power, that can be his ruination. 

  • Leading the Journey (Belasco and Stayer)

    • Determining focus and direction

    • Removing obstacles

    • Developing ownership

    • Stimulate self-directed actions


Empowerment models25 l.jpg
Empowerment Models thought that it’s only temporary, he comes out all right.  But when he thinks that he is the cause of the power, that can be his ruination. 

  • Superleadership/Self-leadership (Sims and Manz)

    • Superleadership

      • Changing organizational structures

      • Changing organizational processes

      • Changing interpersonal communication

  • Self-leadership

    • Self behavior modification

    • Task focus

    • Positive thinking


ad