The torino history and in the history
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The Torino history and in the history. first news. It is known, from Greek an Latin historians, that our land was populated by “Taurini” since VI-III century BC the name come from Taur or Thor, i.e. mountain in celtic language, not from taurus = bull (the symbol of Torino)

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The Torino history and in the history

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The Torino history and in the history


first news

  • It is known, from Greek an Latin historians, that our land was populated by “Taurini” since VI-III century BC

  • the name come from Taur or Thor, i.e. mountain in celtic language, not from taurus = bull (the symbol of Torino)

  • taurini means populations of the mountains, migrating from a Drava region in VI-III century a.C. in our region, already populated by Ligurians, the autochthonal populations


about the town of Taurasia

  • a town located at the confluence of Dora and Po river was cited by Appiano da Alessandria (ca 95 – 161 AC) in the “Storia Annibalica” as “Taurasia”

  • during the II punic war, 218-201 BC, Hannibal cross the alps with 37 elephants and took Taurasia after three days of siege

  • the romans were very grateful to taurini because they leave time to reorganize

  • but just for short time ....


romans brings the“roman pax”

  • when Rome decide the invasion of the Gallia, our region become a military region, crossed by an important road between Rome and the Gallia

  • Julius Caesar founded a roman castrum on year 27 AC

  • the castrum was called “Augusta Taurinorum” in honour of emperor Ottaviano Augusto

  • the structure of the castrum, with the road crossing at 90 degree, is still a typical characteristic of Torino

Roman theater and Porte Palatine


romans expansion and the medium age

  • the two main road of the camp arestill there: the “decumana maximus”is the Via Garibaldi and the“Porta Pretoria” is on theback of Palazzo Madama.The “cardo maximus” isthe present Via S. Tommaso

  • the medium age was a black period forour region, just the border between Francs and Longobards kingdoms.

  • Piedmont was a land of battles whith a consequent great economical depression

Augusta Taurinorum map


The Savoia dukes and kings

  • the influence of Savoia familywas very big in Piedmont andin Italy

  • the first citation of a Savoia member in the history was the Count Oddone Moriana-Savoia, husband of Adelaide, marquess of Piemont in 1046

  • The Savoia was a fighting dynasty, for 900 years they try to expand in every directions but the France directions was very hard, the Italy direction was much more easy!

  • The Savoia dukedom upgrade to kingdom of Sardinia in 1713 (Utrecht treaty) and kings of Italy in 1861 with the king Vittorio Emanuele II


Torino, the capital of Italian kingdom

  • the Kingdom of Italy was declared by the first Italian Parlamant in Torino on March 17, 1861

  • Torino was the capital of kingdom from 1861 to 1864, when the capital was moved to Florence and Rome, consequence of agreement between France and Piedmont

  • great change and shock in the economy of the town. Thousands of working positions in the administration of the kingdom was lost. Popular inssurections with hundreds of people dead.

  • to compensate the economical crack of Torino, a new “Science town”, including our Physics Institute, was created on 1884

Palazzo Carignano


Torino and the science

  • the first italian public Universitywas created in Bologna on 1088,

  • the knowledge before was appanage ofChurch, the teaching was done on monastery and bishop's palaces

  • the second University was created in Padua on 1222 from rebels students and professors coming from Bologna

  • the third University was created in Vercelli on 1228 from Padua, with 3 faculties (theology, jurisprudence and medicine) and 14 professors (1 theologist, 3 jurist, 4 decretisti (???), 2 physicians, 2 dialectics, 2 literacy), payed by the students and a contribution by the commune for 500 lodging places

  • the word laurea come from laurel wreath (coronad’alloro), dressed by the students at the end studies


more on science

  • the Vercelli University was closedon 1361 and moved to Pavia

  • a new University was open on 1404 in Torino

  • the “società scientifica”, created on 1757 by Angelo Saluzzo di Monesiglio, Giovanni Cigna e Luigi De La Grangia became Accademia delle Scienze on 1783

  • a new scientific city created on 1884. Investement on Research. The base for the beginning of industrialization in Piemont (Fiat …)


outstanding people of Torino

  • Joseph-Louis Lagrange, author ofMecanique Analytique, born in Torino on 1736

  • Erasmus of Rotterdam, got the laureain Torino on 1506

  • Amedeo Avogadro di Quaregna founderof atomic theory, born in Torino on 1776

  • Ascanio Sobrero, discovery of nitroclycerine, trasformed in dynamith by Alfred Nobel

  • Galileo Ferraris, discovery of the rotating magnetic field, the base of electrical motor

  • three Nobel prize in medicine: Salvatore Lauria (1969), Renato Dulbecco (1975), Rita Levi-Montalcini (1986)‏


innovations and innovators of Torino

  • first electronic calculator, the perottina (1964)‏

  • Giovanni Agnelli, FIAT cars

  • Italian movies Studios, since end of 1800

  • first TV trasmission in Italy

  • first machine for industrial chocolate production(Doret-Caffarel 1778)‏

  • Carpano, Martini and Cinzano Vermouth (P.zza Castello, 1786)‏

  • first “Magnum like ice-cream”, ice cream on a stickcovered by chocolate (Gelati Pepino, Via Po, 1928)‏

  • first “Sprite”, lemonade with CO2 gas, called “gassosa” (Caffè Guelpa, C.so Vittorio 58, 1833)‏


Torino, science and more

  • conclusion

    • Torino is an old town with many hystorical places, important museum and a nice and pleasant center

  • suggestions

    • take your time to walk around

    • try to drink capuccino and marocchino (everywhere), bicerin (caffè della Consolata)‏

    • enjoy the aperitivo in any of the hystorical coffee shop downtown (Baratti & MIlano, Mulassano, Caffè Torino)

  • PAY THE MAXIMUM ATTENTION OF PICKPOKET AND TAKE CARE OF YOUR WALLET ON THE BUS AND TRAM


IWHSS08

  • finally, in the remainig time, enjoy our workshop!


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