Plant growth
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Plant Growth. Hormone Function and Tropisms. Primary Meristems. Whether they are involved in primary or secondary growth, all plant cells and tissues arise from three primary meristems *: • protoderm • ground meristem • procambium.

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Plant Growth

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Plant growth

Plant Growth

Hormone Function and

Tropisms


Plant growth

Primary Meristems

Whether they are involved in primary or secondary growth, all plant cells and tissues arise from three primary meristems*:

• protoderm

•ground meristem

•procambium

*Meristem: plant tissue that remains embryonic as long as the plant lives, allowing for indeterminate growth


Specialized tissues in plants

Specialized Tissues in Plants

  • Plant Growth

    • Meristems – tissues responsible for growth

      • Undifferentiated cells

    • Apical Meristem

      • Produce growth increased length

    • Differentiation

      • Cells will assume roles in the plant

  • Flower Development

    • Starts in the meristem


Growth hormones regulation

Growth Hormones (Regulation)

  • Plants produce chemical substances called hormones that inhibit or promote growth.

  • Common plant hormones are….

    • Inhibitors

    • Cytokinins

    • Gibberellins

    • Auxins


Cytokinins

Hormones that work with auxins to stimulate cell division.

Cytokinins


Gibberellins

Gibberellins

  • Hormones that stimulate cell elongation, premature flowering, and breaking of dormancy.


Auxins

Hormones that speed plant growth by stimulating cell enlargement.

Auxins


Tropisms

Tropisms

  • A tropism is a growth response involving bending or curving of a plant part toward or away from an external stimulus that determines the direction of movement

  • Response toward the stimulus is positive, and response away from the stimulus is negative


Phototropism

Phototropism

  • Phototropism is the growth of stems of plants toward light - it is probably the best known of the plant tropisms - phototropism is caused by elongation of the cells on the shaded part of the plant - so that entire plant bends or curves toward the light

  • This growth pattern is caused by the hormone auxin- auxin migrates to the shaded part of the plant and stimulates increased cell growth and elongation on the shaded part of the plant


Gravitropism

Gravitropism

  • Gravitropism is a response to gravity - if a seedling is placed on its side, the root will curve to grow downward and the shoot will curve to grow upward

  • Auxin may play a role in the response of shoots


Plant growth

Gravitropism in plants


Thigmotropism

Thigmotropism

  • Thigmotropism is response to touch or contact with a solid object - this is most commonly seen in tendrils, modified leaves or stems depending on the species.

  • the tendrils wrap around any object they come in contact with and so enable the plant to cling and climb.


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