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HI . By: Diana Elsonbaty. GET THIS. ART. 1960’s – new art movement based on everyday objects and people from popular culture . Named “Pop art” because the subject was based on popular items such as Coke bottles, beer and soup cans.

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Hi

HI 

By: Diana Elsonbaty


Hi

GET THIS


Hi

ART


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  • 1960’s – new art movement based on everyday objects and people from popular culture.

  • Named “Pop art” because the subject was based on popular items such as Coke bottles, beer and soup cans.

  • Impersonal attitude towards the work and subject – shows frustration with the art establishment.

  • Directly contrasts Abstract Expressionism with recognizable subject matter and no emotional content.

  • Incorporates with, humour and satire.

  • The average viewer much preferred Pop Art to abstraction so it soon became in demand.


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  • Andy Warhol. Elvis I & II. (1963) Silkscreen ink and spray paint on linen.


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  • Pioneered the use of silkscreen in fine art and has assistants (the Factory) to assist with output

  • Chose subject matter from everyday life and popular culture: often movie and music icons as well as famous political figures

  • Meant to imitate / mimic the commercial nature of society from the 1950’s onwards – mass production, packaging, advertising, etc.


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Roy Lichtenstein. Whamm! (1963) Oil on canvas.


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  • Subject matter: comics derived paintings, in direct contrast to abstract art of the 1950’s

  • Images were stereotypical and therefore familiar to the viewer (not usually in such a large scale)

  • Painted in oils but used commercial printing method: Benday dots


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Claes Oldenburg. Shoestring Potatoes Spilling from a Bag. (1966) Mixed Media.


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  • Create large-scale 3-dimensional recreations of ordinary objects, out of unusual materials

  • Played with gravity and soft materials to “give the object back its power” and to shock

  • Created various witty public monuments (eg. spoon bridge)


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Op

ART


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  • Op (“Optical”) Art uses scientific principles to create the sensation of movement by tricking the viewer’s eye.

  • There are no focal points or centres of interest in optical art.

  • Sometimes movement is created through the use of colour and sometimes shapes.

  • Carefully calculated and manipulated.


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Bridget Riley. Metamorphosis. (1964) Acrylic emulsion on hardboard.


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  • Master at creating pulsating movement in her paintings

  • Became disillusioned with Op art as it became used for commercial purposes

  • Explored colour contrasts through tesselations

  • Began as an art teacher and later an illustrator before working solely as an artist


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FIELD


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  • Colour Field developed during the 60’s and 70’s - owes much to Mark Rothko.

  • Relies solely on flat fields of colour – impression is cool and serene.

  • Some colour field painting is very loose (eg. Rothko, Frankenthaler, Louis)

  • Some colour field painting is called “hard edge” (eg. Albers, Bush, Stella)

  • Became important aspects of the interior environment as murals in buildings.

  • Draw viewer into active participation with the work – goal: to create a total environment.


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Jack Bush. Zig-zag. (1967) Acrylic on canvas. (Canadian)


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  • One of the member of the Group of Eleven, Toronto painters working in abstraction – these artists wanted Canada to be more involved in contemporary art

  • Originally a Commercial artist, later studied at the Ontario College of Art in Toronto (now OCAD)

  • Was expressive in use of colour

  • His artwork was admired for its “hand-made” effect in appearance


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Frank Stella. Protractor Variation. (1969) Fluorescent alkyd on canvas.


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  • Used shaped canvases – this one is rounded on the ends

  • This composition is based on intersecting protractor arcs

  • Used mechanical means to determine composition (rulers, templates, t-squares, etc.)

  • The art is purely aesthetic (no hidden meaning)


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QUIZ

TIME


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GUESS:

WHICH ONE IS POP ART?

Pop Art

Pop Art

Abstract Impressionism

Abstract Impressionism


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LIST:

Author and movement

Frank Stella

ClaesOldenburg

Color Field

Bridget Riley

Pop Art

Op Art


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