Overview of the six kingdoms
Download
1 / 27

Overview of the Six Kingdoms - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 77 Views
  • Uploaded on

Overview of the Six Kingdoms. Vocabulary. Which term means one-celled? Many-celled? multicellular unicellular Which term means that the organism produces its own food? Consumes food? autotroph heterotroph. Vocabulary.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Overview of the Six Kingdoms' - nelly


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Overview of the six kingdoms

Overview of the Six Kingdoms


Vocabulary
Vocabulary

Which term means one-celled? Many-celled?

  • multicellular

  • unicellular

    Which term means that the organism produces its own food? Consumes food?

  • autotroph

  • heterotroph


Vocabulary1
Vocabulary

  • Prokaryotic – describes an organism with cells that have a cell membrane but do NOT have a nuclear membrane

  • Eukaryotic – describes an organism with cells that have a cell membrane and a nuclear membrane


Vocabulary2
Vocabulary

  • Autotrophic – makes its own food

  • Heterotrophic – gets nutrients from the food it consumes


List of the three domains and the six kingdoms
List of the Three Domains and the Six Kingdoms

1.Domain Bacteria

  • Kingdom Eubacteria

    2. Domain Archaea

  • Kingdom Archaebacteria

    3. Domain Eukarya

  • Kingdom Protista

  • Kingdom Fungi

  • Kingdom Plantae

  • Kingdom Animalia


Kingdom eubacteria
Kingdom Eubacteria

  • Bacteria can live in many places on earth, inhabiting a wide variety of habitats, including other organisms

  • Unicellular

  • Prokaryotic – no nucleus or organelles

  • Autotrophic or heterotrophic

  • Thick cells walls with peptidoglycan


Kingdom eubacteria1
Kingdom Eubacteria

  • Bacterial have different shapes, such as round, spiral and rod-shaped.


Kingdom eubacteria2
Kingdom Eubacteria

  • Bacteria can cause a wide variety of diseases, such as strep throat, food poisoning and the Black Death (bubonic plague of the Middle Ages)


Kingdom eubacteria3
Kingdom Eubacteria

  • Bacteria also play an important role in decomposition, nitrogen fixation and human digestion (E. coli)

Soybean root containing billions of bacteria


Kingdom eubacteria4
Kingdom Eubacteria

  • Procholorococcus – an autotrophic bacterium – What does that mean about how it gets its nutrients?


Kingdom eubacteria5
Kingdom Eubacteria

  • Bacteria from an Nitrifying Trickle Filter (NTF) stained with acridene orange.  The stain makes DNA appear yellow and RNA appear orange.


Kingdom archaebacteria
Kingdom Archaebacteria

  • Bacteria that live in extreme habitats, such as hot springs, geysers, volcanic hot pools, brine pools, black smokers

  • Unicellular

  • Prokaryotic

  • Autotrophic or heterotrophic

  • Cell walls without peptidoglycan


Kingdom archaebacteria1
Kingdom Archaebacteria

Morning Glory Pool in Yellowstone National Park – note the bright colors from the archaebacteria growing in the extremely hot water.


Kingdom archaebacteria2
Kingdom Archaebacteria

  • Some like it hot! Bacillus infernus


Kingdom archaebacteria3
Kingdom Archaebacteria

  • Archaebacteria can live deep in the ocean near geothermal vents called black smokers

  • There is no light, so they carry out chemosynthesis instead of photosynthesis


Kingdom protista
Kingdom Protista

  • Extremely diverse group - aquatic

  • Eukaryotic

  • Most unicellular, some colonial, some multicellular

  • Autotrophic and heterotrophic

  • Some with cell walls containing cellulose; some carry out photosynthesis with chloroplasts


Kingdom protista1
Kingdom Protista

Euglena - autotrophic

Volvox – green algae, colonial protist

A slime mold

Amoeba - heterotrophic


Kingdom fungi
Kingdom Fungi

  • Eukaryotic

  • Most are multicellular

  • Heterotrophic (decomposers)

  • Cell walls made of chitin

  • Do NOT move. Live on or in their food.

  • Nutrients absorbed after extracellular digestion

  • All reproduce by forming spores


Kingdom fungi1
Kingdom Fungi

Bleu cheese mold

Ringworm

Shelf or bracket fungi

Athlete’s foot

YEAST

Mushrooms

Mildew

Bread mold


Kingdom plantae
Kingdom Plantae

  • Eukaryotic

  • Multicellular

  • Autotrophic

  • Cell wall of cellulose; chloroplasts present


Kingdom plantae1
Kingdom Plantae

ALL PLANTS – mosses, ferns, grasses, trees, shrubs


Kingdom animalia
Kingdom Animalia

  • Eukaryotic

  • Multicellular

  • Heterotrophic

  • No cell walls, no chloroplasts

  • Motile – move to get their food


Kingdom animalia1

Worms, sponges, sea urchins,

Invertebrates, vertebrates

Kingdom Animalia

Flatworm

Sponge

Jellyfish

Octopus

Coral snake

Bear



Taxonomic keys dichotomous keys
TAXONOMIC KEYS forDICHOTOMOUS KEYS

  • USED TO IDENTIFY ORGANISMS

  • STARTING AT THE TOP CHOOSE THE BEST CHARACTERISTIC OF EACH PAIR, READING THE NEXT STEP UNTIL YOU FIND THE NAME


KINGDOM forCHARACTERISTICSEXAMPLES

ARCHAEBACTERA CELL WALL, HARSH ENVIRONMENT BACTERIA

EUBACTERIA CELL WALL OF PEPTIGOGLYCAN BACTERIA

FUNGI CELL WALL OF CHITIN MOLD, MUSHROOMS, YEAST

PROTISTA SIMPLE, AQUATIC, CELL WALLS,EUKARYOTIC ALGAE, PROTOZOANS

PLANTAE CELL WALL OF CELLULOSE, PHOTOSYNTHETIC MOSS, FERNS, PLANTS

ANIMALIA NO CELL WALL, MOVE, HETEROTROPHIC SPONGES, INVERTS, VERTS


ad