Governments in ancient greece
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Governments in Ancient Greece. Monarchy. State ruled by a king Rule is hereditary Some rulers claim divine right What is divine right? Mycenae. Aristocracy. State ruled by nobility Rule is hereditary and based on land ownership Social status and wealth support rulers’ authority Athens.

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Monarchy
Monarchy

  • State ruled by a king

  • Rule is hereditary

  • Some rulers claim divine right

    • What is divine right?

  • Mycenae


Aristocracy
Aristocracy

  • State ruled by nobility

  • Rule is hereditary and based on land ownership

  • Social status and wealth support rulers’ authority

  • Athens


Oligarchy
Oligarchy

  • State ruled by a small group of citizens

  • Rule is based on wealth

  • Ruling group controls military

  • Sparta


Direct democracy
Direct Democracy

  • State ruled by its citizens

  • Rule is based on citizenship

  • Majority rule decides vote

  • Athens



Three greek architectural systems
Three Greek Architectural Systems

  • Doric

  • Ionic

  • Corinthian


Doric
Doric

  • Sturdy

  • Plain capital (top)

  • Found in mainland Greece, southern Italy and Sicily

  • Parthenon


Parthenon
Parthenon

  • Built in 5th century B.C.E.

  • Temple of Athena Parthenos (Greek goddess of wisdom)

  • Built on the acropolis in Athens


Ionic
Ionic

  • Thinner

  • More elegant

  • Capital has scroll-like design

  • Found in eastern Greece and the islands

  • Erechtheum

  • Temple of Athena Nike



Erechtheum
Erechtheum

  • Built between 421 and 405 BC

  • Contained sanctuaries and shrines






Corinthian
Corinthian

  • Rare

  • Capital is elaborate, decorated with leaves

  • Temple of Apollo at Bassae


Temple of apollo at bassae
Temple of Apollo at Bassae

  • Built c. 420 BC.


Acropolis of athens
Acropolis of Athens

  • Dates back to Bronze Age

  • Elevated, fortified section of ancient Athens

  • Devoted to religious purposes

  • Contains sanctuaries and shrines


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