Governments in ancient greece
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Governments in Ancient Greece. Monarchy. State ruled by a king Rule is hereditary Some rulers claim divine right What is divine right? Mycenae. Aristocracy. State ruled by nobility Rule is hereditary and based on land ownership Social status and wealth support rulers’ authority Athens.

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Governments in Ancient Greece

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Governments in ancient greece

Governments in Ancient Greece


Monarchy

Monarchy

  • State ruled by a king

  • Rule is hereditary

  • Some rulers claim divine right

    • What is divine right?

  • Mycenae


Aristocracy

Aristocracy

  • State ruled by nobility

  • Rule is hereditary and based on land ownership

  • Social status and wealth support rulers’ authority

  • Athens


Oligarchy

Oligarchy

  • State ruled by a small group of citizens

  • Rule is based on wealth

  • Ruling group controls military

  • Sparta


Direct democracy

Direct Democracy

  • State ruled by its citizens

  • Rule is based on citizenship

  • Majority rule decides vote

  • Athens


Ancient greek architecture

Ancient Greek Architecture


Three greek architectural systems

Three Greek Architectural Systems

  • Doric

  • Ionic

  • Corinthian


Doric

Doric

  • Sturdy

  • Plain capital (top)

  • Found in mainland Greece, southern Italy and Sicily

  • Parthenon


Parthenon

Parthenon

  • Built in 5th century B.C.E.

  • Temple of Athena Parthenos (Greek goddess of wisdom)

  • Built on the acropolis in Athens


Ionic

Ionic

  • Thinner

  • More elegant

  • Capital has scroll-like design

  • Found in eastern Greece and the islands

  • Erechtheum

  • Temple of Athena Nike


Greek architectural mechanics

Greek Architectural Mechanics


Erechtheum

Erechtheum

  • Built between 421 and 405 BC

  • Contained sanctuaries and shrines


Erechtheum1

Erechtheum


Temple of athena nike

Temple of Athena Nike


Temple of athena nike1

Temple of Athena Nike


Governments in ancient greece

  • Athena Nike Statue

  • Louvre Museum in France

  • Nike Swoosh


Corinthian

Corinthian

  • Rare

  • Capital is elaborate, decorated with leaves

  • Temple of Apollo at Bassae


Temple of apollo at bassae

Temple of Apollo at Bassae

  • Built c. 420 BC.


Acropolis of athens

Acropolis of Athens

  • Dates back to Bronze Age

  • Elevated, fortified section of ancient Athens

  • Devoted to religious purposes

  • Contains sanctuaries and shrines


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