The passive voice
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THE PASSIVE VOICE. We form the passive with the correct tense of the verb BE + past participle . The object of the active sentence becomes the subject of the passive sentence. We have elected a new President . A new President has been elected

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  • The objectof the active sentence becomes the subjectof the passive sentence.

    We have elected a new President.

    A new Presidenthas been elected

    They are playing the matchon Saturday.

    The matchis being played on Saturday



  • Never use ( subject pronoun.do, does or did) with the passive voice.

    They didn’t sell all the tickets for the concert.

    All the tickets weren’t sold.

    We do not give lesson on public holidays.

    Lessons are not given on public holidays.



Use: subject pronoun.

  • 1.- when you are not especially interested in the person or people who did an action.

    “The book was written in 2007.”

  • 2.- When you also want to mention the person or people that did the action use by.

    “The new art exhibition was opened by the

    Queen.”



4.- Some verbs can have two objects: such as public information (rules, signs, brochures …) and media reports.

bring, give, ask, pay, sell, offer, owe, show, tell, send, lend, leave, promise, take, teach, throw, write

something to someone

“They gave Susana prize.”

“Susan was given a prize.”

“A prize was given to Susan.”


  • If the verb has two objects, we usually use the such as public information (rules, signs, brochures …) and media reports.personas the subject in the passive.

    “No one gave me any directions.”

    “I wasn’t given any directions.”

    “Beatriz taught me History.”

    “I was taught History by Beatriz.”


When not to use the passive
When such as public information (rules, signs, brochures …) and media reports.notto use thepassive.

  • Wedon’t use thepassivewhenthe active is more direct and easiertounderstand.

    “I’mreading a greatbook.”

  • Intransitiveverbscan’tbepassivebecausetheydon’ttakeanobject: arrive, die, sit, sleep…

  • Alsowedon’t use thepassivewiththeseverbs: agreewith, belong, fit, have, resemble andsuit


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