Pharmacology
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Pharmacology. The study of drugs Or the good, the bad, and the ugly. Terminology. Pharmacology : Pharmacologist : Pharmacodynamics :. Pharmacokinetics: Pharmacotherapeutics : Toxicology :. PRN q4h Stat pc BID ac po QID. hs TID qIh New ones SC IM IV.

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Pharmacology

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Pharmacology

Pharmacology

The study of drugs

Or the good, the bad, and the ugly


Terminology

Terminology

Pharmacology:

Pharmacologist:

Pharmacodynamics:


Pharmacology

Pharmacokinetics:

Pharmacotherapeutics:

Toxicology:


Commonly used abbreviations or how much do you remember

PRN

q4h

Stat

pc

BID

ac

po

QID

hs

TID

qIh

New ones

SC

IM

IV

Commonly used abbreviationsOr how much do you remember?


Sources of drugs plants

Sources of Drugs: Plants

Original source of many medications

  • Digitoxin (Digitalis) Foxglove:

  • Quinine (Cinchona Tree)

  • Tamoxifin (Yew Trees)

  • Acetylsalicylic acid or ASA


Animal source

Animal source

  • Glandular:


Animal sources

Animal Sources

  • Oil

  • Antitoxins


Minerals

Minerals


Bacteria and mold

Bacteria and Mold

  • Antibiotics

  • Vaccines

  • Escherichia coli


Pharmacodynamics mechanism of action of the drug in the body

Pharmacodynamics: Mechanism of action of the drug in the body


In simpler terms

In simpler terms

You are in pain

You take Advil

Mechanism of action

Pharmacodynamics:


Pharmacodynamics of alcohol

Pharmacodynamics of alcohol


Okay lets get serious sorry

Okay lets get serious, sorry

Pharmacokinetics looks at (there are four)


Routes of administration

Routes of administration


Absorption how does the drug get into the body

Absorption: how does the drug get into the body

Orally:


Inhalation mucus membranes of nasal or oral or in the lungs

Inhalation: Mucus membranes of nasal or oral or in the lungs


Sublingual

Sublingual:


Injections

Injections


Transdermal topical

Transdermal: & Topical:

Transdermal

Topical


Rectal vaginal very vascular

Rectal & Vaginal (very vascular)

No picture use your imagination


Metabolism

Metabolism


Metabolism1

Metabolism

  • If most drugs are metabolize

  • In people with impaired liver or kidney (excretion) function

  • Metabolism can also be effected


Distribution

Distribution

  • How is it transported?

  • What is the usual means of transportation of products in the body?

  • How fast will it get to the target cells?

  • Which is faster IM injection, IV, or oral?

  • Why?


Distribution1

Distribution

  • Also looks at how long the drug takes to reach peak plasma levels


Excretion okay so we put it in now we need to get it out

Excretion: okay so we put it in now we need to get it out


Elimination

Elimination

  • Methods of elimination include


Pharmacotherapeutics

Pharmacotherapeutics

  • Clinical Pharmacology


Drug classification

Drug Classification

  • Pharmacologic Activity:

  • Generic Name:

  • Trade Name:


Pharmacotherapeutics indications

Pharmacotherapeutics: Indications


Drug therapy indications

Drug Therapy Indications

  • Acute

  • Empirical:

  • Maintenance:


Drug therapy indications1

Drug Therapy Indications

  • Palliative:

  • Prophylactic:

  • Replacement:


Drug therapy indications2

Drug Therapy Indications

  • Supportive:

  • Supplemental:


Types of medicines

Types of Medicines

OTC: (Over the counter)

Alternative Remedies:

Prescription Rx

Prescription controlled substance:


Side effects vs adverse effects

Side Effects vs Adverse Effects

  • A Side Effect:


Nausea side effect

Nausea Side Effect


Adverse effect

Adverse Effect

  • Adverse effect:


Adverse drug reaction

Adverse Drug Reaction


Drug interactions

Drug Interactions

Potentiate: (works better)

Negate:

Synergistic:


Rights of assisting with medication

Rights of assisting with medication

  • Right

  • Right

  • Right

  • Right

  • Right

  • Right

  • Right


Information on a prescription label

Information on a Prescription Label

  • Pharmacy name

  • File number

  • Client’s name

  • DIN (drug identification number from manufacture)

  • Drug name, dose, frequency, route

  • Number of refills

  • Physician’s name

  • Expiration date

  • Date filled


Metro pharmacy 905 823 4900 tues april 14 2009 refills 0

Metro Pharmacy905-823-4900Tues. April 14, 2009Refills: 0

  • Farquharson, Taylor

  • Clarithromycin 250mg

  • Brand: Apo-Clarithromycin 250mg

  • 20 Tabs APX

  • Tab 1 BID ac meals

  • Dr. Wahba , Rasha

  • This medicine may be taken with or without food

  • Important: Finish all this medication unless otherwise directed by Prescriber


Assignment please hand in

Find a prescription medication

List the following information

Indication

Absorption

Distribution (Dosing schedule)

Warnings

Possible S/E or Adverse effects

Instructions

Assignment: Please hand in


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