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TSWBAT explain what the constitution is, why it is an important American document, and describe the relationship (compare and contrast) to the Declaration of Independence. Date: Wednesday March 26. Warm up: What is the constitution? (create a spider web of ideas as a class )

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date wednesday march 26

TSWBAT explain what the constitution is, why it is an important American document, and describe the relationship (compare and contrast) to the Declaration of Independence

Date: Wednesday March 26

Warm up: What is the constitution? (create a spider web of ideas as a class)

Activity: Introduce constitution

the constitution write this in your notes
The Constitution – write this in your notes
  • The constitution outlines the ideals for the country
  • Create a list of idealsYOU believe the US is based on (on chalk board AND in your notes)
  • Then, provide examples of how each ideal effects their daily lives
    • EX: Freedom- we have the freedom or religion, speech and expression
what ideas make up the constitution
What ideas make up the Constitution:
  • Popular Sovereignty- the idea that government is created by the people and subject to the will of the people
  • Majority rule- a political system in which the group that has the most members has the power to make decision
  • Limited government-gives citizens more control on how they shape their local environment and policy
  • Individual rights-rights held by individual people (natural rights)
let s review explain each and the influence the document had on america
Let’s review--- EXPLAIN each and the influence the document had on America
  • 1. Mayflower Compact…
  • 2. Common Sense…
  • 3. Declaration of Independence…
  • 4. Articles of Confederation
    • Federalists
    • Anti Federalists
  • 5. The Constitution…
the goals of our government
The goals of our Government
  • We the people of the United States in order
  • “to form a more perfect union”
  • “establish justice”
  • “insure domestic tranquility”
  • “provide for the common defense”
  • “promote general welfare”
  • “and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves”
date thursday march 27
Date: Thursday March 27

Warm up: open your binders to yesterday’s work; what did we talk about?

Activity: introduce BILL OF RIGHTS

article 1 legislative branch
Article 1: Legislative Branch
  • Make our laws
  • Proposed Law = Bill
  • Elastic Clause = Make all laws Necessary
article 2 executive branch
Article 2: Executive Branch
  • The President of the United States
  • Has the strength of ‘King’

based on Consent of the GOVERNED

Main Job is to ENFORCE LAWS

article 3 judicial branch
Article 3: Judicial Branch
  • Created a Supreme Court and other Federal Courts
  • Main Job is to INTERPRET LAW
  • Judges serve a LIFE term or until they RETIRE
article 4 state
ARTICLE 4: State
  • Supremacy Clause
  • Makes National laws supreme over States
article 5 amendment process
Article 5 – Amendment process
  • Describes how to Change or AMEND the Constitution
article 6 supremacy clause
Article 6 – Supremacy Clause
  • Says That the national Laws are Supreme

(more important than state laws)

article 7 ratifcation
Article 7 - Ratifcation
  • The Constitution became law when 9 States agree
complete scavenger hunt
Complete Scavenger Hunt!~
  • Turn to page 95 in your textbooks!
  • You may work in groups of 4 (move desks into quadrants)
date friday march 28

Explain the BOR, its purpose, meaning, importance; discuss reading questions and higher level questions; create a BOR pamphlet

Date: Friday March 28

Warm up: Review questions from yesterday

Activity: Introduce BOR

the bill of rights what is it
The BILL of RIGHTS, what is it?
  • The first 10 amendments to the Constitution make up the Bill of Rights.
  • Written by James Madisonfor greater constitutional protection for individual liberties
  • The Bill of Rights is a list of limits on government power. 
    • Anti-Federalists insisted on a “Bill of Rights” to safeguard individual rights of the people.
why is the bill of rights important
Why is the Bill of Rights important?
  • The Bill of Rights limited government\'s role and gave the individual certain rights that neither the government nor majority could infringe on. 
  • The Constitution was originally written without the Bill of Rights and many Founding Fathers would not sign it since they feared that the federal government would be too powerful.
responsibilities of citizens
Responsibilities of Citizens
  • What are our responsibilities as citizens of the USA?
    • Vote
    • Fight for our country
    • Respect one another
    • Follow laws
    • Abide by the constitution
    • Honesty
    • Tolerance
first ten amendments
First Ten Amendments:
  • First Amendment - Freedom of speech, press, religion, peaceable assembly, and to petition the government
  • Second Amendment - Right for the people to keep and bear arms, as well as to maintain a militia
  • Third Amendment - Protection from quartering of troops
  • Fourth Amendment - Protection from unreasonable search and seizure
  • Fifth Amendment - Due process, double jeopardy, self-incrimination, private property
date monday march 31

TSWBAT analyze the BOR

Date: Monday March 31

Warm up: Where did we leave off Friday? Review what we know!

Activity: Complete BOR notes; introduce BOR project! BRING MATERIALS

second amendment video
Second Amendment Video
  • 1. Why did the framers of the U.S. constitution demand the right of the people to keep and bear arms?
  • 2. What is a militia?
  • 3. What is the controversy today of the 2nd Amendment?
    • 4. What is your opinion?
first ten amendments1
First Ten Amendments:
  • Sixth Amendment - Trial by jury and other rights of the accused
  • Seventh Amendment - Civil trial by jury
  • Eighth Amendment - Prohibition of excessive bail, as well as cruel and unusual punishment
  • Ninth Amendment - Protection of rights not specifically enumerated in the Bill of Rights
  • Tenth Amendment - Powers of states and people
fourth amendment illegal search
Fourth Amendment: Illegal Search
  • Video
      • 1. Why did the enact the “fourth amendment”?
      • 2. How is this Amendment used today? When is it used?
      • 3. Why is this Amendment controversial?
      • 4. What things are “covered” in the 4th Amendment
read bill of rights article
Read Bill of Rights Article:
  • Read the article and answer the questions following!
  • This is due for homework if not completed in class!!
date tuesday april 1

TSWBAT create their own representation of the BOR

Date: Tuesday April 1

Warm up: BOR activity introduced! BOR article reading collected and graded!

Activity: time to work on and complete the BOR activity

bill of rights project
Bill of Rights Project!!
  • The next 5 days you will be completing a pamphlet on the Bill of Rights
  • Rubric will explain everything that you need to complete this project- we will review
  • Add this to the back of you rubric:
    • Cover page-
      • Title centered at the top!
      • Your name centered at the bottom!!
      • Class period below the name!
bor guidelines for presentation
BOR guidelines for presentation
  • Table of contents-
    • Amendment # (Roman Numeral!) an Name
    • Pages listed of each amendment listed
    • Multiple colors used (5+)
  • Amendment pages-
    • Amendment # center top of each page- ROMAN NUMERALS
    • All wording is straight and level
    • Title of amendment is clear and neat
    • Definition is in your own words
    • An image is drawn to represent that amendment/right
    • Multiple colors are used (5+)
due date
Due date
  • This assignment will begin on Tuesday, April 1
  • It is due Friday, April 11
  • You will have 5 days- Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Monday to complete
  • PLEASE bring any extra materials to class to assist in the completion of the assignment!
date wednesday april 2
Date: Wednesday April 2

Warm up: BOR activity introduced!

Activity: time to work on and complete the BOR activity

  • Link:
  • Constitution: Text Book, page 95
date thursday april 3
Date: Thursday April 3

Warm up: BOR activity introduced!

Activity: time to work on and complete the BOR activity

date wednesday april 9

TSWBAT analyze the constitution in a real life situation; form educate opinions; evaluate the BOR

Date: WednesdayApril 9

Warm up: Read short article and answer questions: “Man argues fifth amendment…” and answer questions. This will be turned in and evaluated!

Activity: PPT to finalize the Amendments to the Constitution; study guide explained!

amendments 11 thru 27
Amendments 11 thru 27
  • 11 – Cannot sue a state
  • 12 – Established an order for President and Vice President
  • 13 – Abolished Slavery
  • 14 – Due Process and Citizenship
  • 15 – Right to vote for males, any race, any creed
  • 16 – Income Tax
  • 17 – Election of Senators
  • 18 – Prohibition of Alcohol
  • 19 – Women’s Suffrage
  • 20 – Lame Duck, Presidential Succession, Congressional Sessions
  • 21 – Repeal the 18th Amendment
  • 22 – Two Term Limit for President
  • 23 – Citizens of Washington D.C. can Vote
  • 24 – Poll Taxes
  • 25 – Presidential Succession
  • 26 – Voting Age to 18
  • 27 – Congressional Pay Raises
the bill of rights

The Bill of Rights

The first 10 amendments

To the U. S. Constitution

who determines what the bill of rights mean
Who determines what the Bill of Rights mean?
  • The Supreme Court makes rulings on the meaning
  • The Supreme Court balances the rights of the individual with the needs of society



the first amendment 5 rights mentioned
The first amendment—5 rights mentioned
  • Freedom of Speech
  • Freedom of Religion
  • Freedom of the Press
  • Freedom of Assembly
  • Right to Petition the government
freedom of speech
Freedom of speech
  • “You can SAY what you want, when you want, and how you want…as long as it does not infringe on the rights of another”
freedom of speech1
Freedom of speech
  • “Congress shall make no laws . . . abridging the freedom of speech”
free speech the individual can
Free speech– The individual can:
  • Say any political belief
  • Protest (without getting out of control)
  • Say things about someone that are true
  • Burn the flag
  • Say racist and hate slogans
  • Free speech means someone might say something you disagree with
free speech limits on the person
Free speech—limits on the person
  • Threaten to blow up airplanes, schools or the president
  • Sexual harassment
  • Create too much social chaos
  • Extremely crude language in a public form
  • Disrespectful, vulgar language in schools
  • Hate crimes
freedom of speech2
Freedom of Speech
  • Slander is any spoken untruth.
freedom of the press
Freedom of the press
  • Congress shall make no law . . . abridging . . . the freedom of the press.”
what is press though
What is Press though?
  • Newspaper/School Newspapers
  • Magazines
  • Internet/Social Media Sites/Comments
  • Billboards
  • Flyers
  • Brochures
  • Clothing
  • Television
  • Books and More!!!
freedom of the press the press can cannot
Freedom of the press-the pressCan Cannot
  • Disclose defense-security secrets
  • Detail how to make a certain weapons
  • Print any political position
  • Make fun of people, especially politicians
  • Expose wrongs by the government
  • Say things you might not agree with
freedom of assembly
Freedom of Assembly
  • Congress shall make no law . . . Abridging . . . The people to peaceably assemble”
freedom of assembly1
Freedom of Assembly
  • Assembly must follow two guidelines:
      • Be Peaceful
      • Have a Purpose
freedom of assembly individual can cannot
Freedom of Assembly--IndividualCan Cannot
  • Protest by throwing rocks and breaking windows
  • Hang out on private land against owners will—loitering
  • Teen curfew
  • Protest
  • Parade (with a permit)
  • Parade chanting hate slogans
  • Gang members can congregate in public
freedom of religion
Freedom of Religion
  • “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion or prohibiting the free exercise there of”
  • Two clauses:
    • Establishment clause
    • Free Exercise clause
establishment clause government cans cannot
Establishment clause-GovernmentCansCannot
  • Set a state religion
  • Government cannot order a prayer
  • Teach religious doctrine in the school
  • Teach creationism
  • Teach about religions in school
  • Allow voluntary prayer in many examples
  • Transport students to a religious school
  • Read Bible for culture or literacy content
free exercise the person can cannot
Free Exercise—The personCanCannot
  • Break the law and claim it is religious belief
  • Raise children without education
  • Deprive children of basic needs
  • Choose whatever religion
  • Lead a prayer in most examples
  • Ask questions about religions
  • Worship whom ever you want
establishment and free exercise clause often conflict with each other
Establishment and free exercise clause often conflict with each other
  • If the teacher says:
  • “Yes”, It looks like establishment of religion
  • “No”, It is denying a student free exercise.
  • In schools, the religion issue is most prevalent
  • If a student raises his hand and says “teacher, can we say an opening prayer before this test”
petition the government
Petition the Government
  • “Congress shall make no law . . . Abridging . . . the people. . . to petition the government for a redress of grievances”
petition the government1
Petition the government
  • You may sue the government for wrongs
  • You cannot be punished for exposing wrongs by the government
what is a petition
What is a Petition?
  • A Petition is a formal request.
    • It is made to a representative
      • Allows the representative to knowyour needs.
  • A teacher is an example of a representative of the school district.
2 nd amendment right to bear arms
2nd AmendmentRight to bear arms
  • “A well-regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to bear arms shall not be infringed.”
2 nd amendment right to bear arms1
2nd AmendmentRight to bear arms
  • Used as a means to form militias to protect citizens against tyrannical rule such as King George III.
  • A militia is an organized group of armed citizens.
  • Do guns kill? This amendment is an example of a loose interpretation of the constitution.
    • Average number of murders 1990s – 21,167
        • That was every 1 in 12,158 subject to murder in the U.S.
    • Average number of murders 2000s – 16,300
        • That was every 1 in 17,712 subject to murder in the U.S.
    • Average number of accidental shootings: 1,400
      • Why the difference?
3 rd amendment quartering act
3rd AmendmentQuartering Act
  • No Soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the Owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law.
3 rd amendment quartering act1
3rd AmendmentQuartering Act
  • The British would commandeer homes of colonists during the French and Indian War as well as the Revolutionary War.
  • Amendment insures that food, clothing, and necessities would not be infringed upon.
4 th amendment search seizure and warrants
4th AmendmentSearch, Seizure and Warrants
  • What does a policeman need in order to search your home?
    • A warrant given to him by a judge
    • Probable cause is also needed
fifth amendment rights of the accused
Fifth AmendmentRights of the accused
  • You must be formally charged with a crime – “Indictment”
  • Grand Jury indictment. A Grand Jury determines if there is enough evidence to send a case to trial.
  • You do not have to testify

against your self.

“I plead the fifth” “Self



You cannot be tried for the same crime twice – “Double Jeopardy”

  • No Person can be denied life, liberty, or property without due process; that means you are entitled to go before a judge and/or jury.
  • The government cannot take your land unless it pays fair market price and the land is for the good of the public; this is known as “Eminent Domain.”
fifth amendment rights of the accused1
Fifth AmendmentRights of the accused
  • Miranda Rights are also guaranteed under the 5th Amendment. These are read to you upon your arrest, and state:
      • You have the right to remain silent.
      • Anything you say or do may be used against you in a court of law.
      • You have the right to consult an attorney before speaking to the police and to have an attorney present during questioning now or in the future.
      • If you cannot afford an attorney, one will be appointed for you before any questioning, if you wish.
      • If you decide to answer any questions now, without an attorney present, you will still have the right to stop answering at any time until you talk to an attorney.
      • Knowing and understanding your rights as I have explained them to you, are you willing to answer my questions without an attorney present?
sixth amendment right to a speedy trial
Sixth AmendmentRight to a Speedy Trial
  • Question accusers
  • Right to speedy and public trial

by impartial jury—meaning not favoring either side

sixth amendment continued
Sixth Amendment Continued
  • You must be told of charges – Habeas Corpus
  • Right to a lawyer – one provided if you can’t afford
seventh amendment jury trial in civil cases
Seventh AmendmentJury Trial in Civil Cases
  • A jury trial is guaranteed when the matter amounts to more than $20
eighth amendment cruel and unusual punishment and excessive bail
Eighth AmendmentCruel and Unusual Punishment and Excessive Bail
  • No excessive bail


  • No cruel and unusual punishment
9 th amendment
9th Amendment

“Rights not mentioned belong to the people”

  • All rights couldn’t be included…way too many
  • Citizen rights aren’t limited to those listed in the Constitution
  • ex. Right to privacy, travel, marry,
10 th amendment

“Rights not mentioned belong to the States”

  • Powers not given to the national government by the Constitution belong to the state or to the people:
  • marriages, divorces, driving licenses, voting, state taxes, job and school requirements, rules for police and fire departments
  • Driving age:

N&S D = 14.5 yr

Alaska, Ark, Iowa