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THIS PRESENTATION FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY. An Introduction to TENDRIL ™. TENDRIL ™. A New Concept for Enabling IP Convergence in Underground Mining & Vehicular Tunnel Environments Kerry Nufer. TENDRIL ™ Traditional Meaning.

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an introduction to tendril

THIS PRESENTATION FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

An Introduction toTENDRIL™

TENDRIL™

A New Concept for EnablingIP Convergence inUnderground Mining &Vehicular Tunnel Environments

Kerry Nufer

tendril traditional meaning
TENDRIL™ Traditional Meaning

In botany, a tendril is a specialized stem, leaf or petiole with a threadlike shape that is used by climbing plants for support and attachment, generally by twining around whatever it touches.

C.F. Wikipedia

tendril the acronym
TENDRIL™ the Acronym
  • Tunnel
  • Environment
  • Networking of
  • Digital
  • Remote
  • Internet Protocol (IP)
  • Links
what is tendril
What is TENDRIL™
  • Take the concept of Cable Internet
  • Add(+) some old ideas of:
    • Leaky Feeder
    • Radio Frequency Branching Techniques
    • Conventional 2-Way Radio
  • Add(+) some innovative ideas regards
    • Radio Data e.g. Wireless LAN, Zigbee
    • L2 ETHERNET Switching
    • Routers
    • Converged IP Devices
    • Process Control Systems (Everything Is Becoming IP Enabled)
  • Equals(=)TENDRIL™ - a New Platform for:
    • Underground Mining Applications
      • Communications
      • Process Control
    • Vehicular Tunnel Communications
tendril extends surface ip network
TENDRIL™ Extends Surface IP Network
  • To the Ore Body Itself
  • To “Smart Dust” (Sweet ZigPEA);
    • Disposable Sensors
    • Low-Cost Reusable Sensors
  • With Video
    • Traditional Analogue
    • IP Enabled Cameras
  • With other Apps such as:
    • Voice over IP (VoIP) Telephony
    • SCADA & Process Control
    • Third Party Technologies of Any Kind
    • Asset Tracking & Personnel Monitoring
tendril in a nutshell
TENDRIL™ In a Nutshell
  • Three Types of Box
    • Tendril Head End (THE)
    • Tendril Intermediate Node (TIN)
    • Tendril End Point (TEP)
  • Box Interconnection
    • Leaky Coax
    • Conventional Coax
    • RF over Fibre (SMOF)
  • Result
    • TCP/IP (over ETHERNET) In
    • TCP/IP Interfaces Everywhere You Want
    • Radio, Copper, Fibre, IP Everwhere, and/or
    • Legacy Analogue
tendril application concept
TENDRIL™ Application Concept

TENDRILTMIntermediateNode

TENDRILTMEndPoint

ConventionalUnderground2-Way RadioSystem

SMOFIndustrialETHERNET

Backbone

Tunnel Navigation Guidance System

  • Zigbee Programmable Environmental Agent S
  • (ZigPEAS) = Smart Dust, used for:
  • Temperature;
  • Humidity;
  • Gas (CO2, Methane, Oxygen etc.);
  • Movement detection (Accelerometers);
  • Disposable video cameras;
  • Location Markers;
  • Active RFID Tags.

TENDRILTMHeadEnd

Non Radiating Area

TENDRILTMIntermediateNode

PLC(Programmable)(Logic Controller)

ETHERNETModbus & DNP3 etc Process Control

Option of Multiple ‘Air’ Technologies to Loader at Ore Body including 802.11a & Microwave 10 GHz Using Horn or Patch Antennas for Video & Telemetry

SMOFIndustrialETHERNET

Backbone

SpecialLimitedCoverageArea

MonopoleAntenna

TENDRILTMEndPoint

what s in the tendril tm box overview
What’s in the TENDRILTM Box Overview
  • Pretty Well the Same for all 3 Boxes
    • Data-Air-Data Interfaces
    • Data Networking Systems (Switches, Routers)
    • RF Branching Systems
    • Power Supply
    • Terminal Codecs
    • Legacy Equipment (subject to…)
    • Antenna Terminations
    • Process Controllers (client dependent)
what s in the box tendril tm head end
What’s In the BoxTENDRILTM Head End

ClientPowerSupply

240 V AC

48 Volts

Power Supply

Cable MODEMTermination System

ClientData CommsSystems

Gbit/Sec ETHERNET

ETHERNETSwitch

TX

RX

Bias T

ZigPEA

Application

ClientApps 1

3rd Party

Application1

ClientApps 2

3rd Party

Application2

ClientApps N

3rd Party

ApplicationN

Optional 3rd PartyLegacy & Other Applications

Optional

TENDRILTM Head End Block Schematic

what s in the box tendril tm intermediate node

HybridSplitter/ Combiner

CCTV

ModBusPLC

What’s in the Box TENDRILTM Intermediate Node

48 Volts (Nom)

48 Volts (Nom)

Power Supply

TINIPI/F

ETHERNET Switch

Router

ExternalClientTCP/IPApps

Optional

Cable MODEM

ZigPEA

Apps(Opt)

WLAN

Apps(Opt)

TCP/IP Apps

Bias T

Bias T

TX

RX

Bias T

VideoCODEC

3rd Party RFApplications

VoIPCODEC

Optional 3rd PartyLegacy & Other Applications

OptionalNote also

Possible to usenormal coupler,splitter/combiner

components

TENDRILTM Intermediate Node Block Schematic

what s in the box tendril tm end point

HybridSplitter/ Combiner

CCTV

ModBusPLC

What’s in the Box TENDRILTM End Point

TENDRILTM End Point Block Schematic

48 Volts (Nom)

Power Supply

TINIPI/F

Spatial RFIllumination ofOre BodyOperational

Environment UsingAntennas

ETHERNET Switch

Router

ExternalClientTCP/IPApps

Optional

Cable MODEM

ZigPEA

Apps(Opt)

WLAN

Apps(Opt)

TCP/IP Apps

Bias T

TX

RX

VideoCODEC

VoIPCODEC

3rd Party RFApplications

OptionalNote also

Possible to usenormal coupler,splitter/combiner

components

Optional 3rd PartyLegacy & Other Applications

manufacturing benefits
Manufacturing Benefits
  • Most Active Modules Exist;
    • Cable MODEM Termination Systems;
    • Cable MODEMs;
    • Power Supplies;
    • Routers, Switches (Ruggedcom, Garretcom etc);
  • Many Passive Modules Exist – Off-the-Shelf;
    • Filters;
    • Bias Tees;
    • Splitter Combiners;
    • Booster Amps;
    • Cable MODEM Systems – Well Proven Technology:
  • Development Platform for New Mining Products,
    • Low-Cost,
    • Mass Produced,
    • Disposable/ Reusable,
      • ZigPEAS;
        • Sensors,
        • RFID Tags etc.
service benefits
Service Benefits
  • TENDRILTM Flagship for Add-on to Fibre Expertise in Mining Apps:
  • Basis for Management of Underground Telecommunications Environment for Mining Customers;
    • RF Spectrum Management,
    • Data Communications Management:
  • Addition of 3rd Party Communications Products;
    • Radio Systems (suggest to be a known problem),
    • Data Systems,
    • 3rd Party Peripheral Devices.
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