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THIS PRESENTATION FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY. An Introduction to TENDRIL ™. TENDRIL ™. A New Concept for Enabling IP Convergence in Underground Mining & Vehicular Tunnel Environments Kerry Nufer. TENDRIL ™ Traditional Meaning.

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An introduction to tendril

THIS PRESENTATION FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

An Introduction toTENDRIL™

TENDRIL™

A New Concept for EnablingIP Convergence inUnderground Mining &Vehicular Tunnel Environments

Kerry Nufer


Tendril traditional meaning
TENDRIL™ Traditional Meaning

In botany, a tendril is a specialized stem, leaf or petiole with a threadlike shape that is used by climbing plants for support and attachment, generally by twining around whatever it touches.

C.F. Wikipedia


Tendril the acronym
TENDRIL™ the Acronym

  • Tunnel

  • Environment

  • Networking of

  • Digital

  • Remote

  • Internet Protocol (IP)

  • Links


What is tendril
What is TENDRIL

  • Take the concept of Cable Internet

  • Add(+) some old ideas of:

    • Leaky Feeder

    • Radio Frequency Branching Techniques

    • Conventional 2-Way Radio

  • Add(+) some innovative ideas regards

    • Radio Data e.g. Wireless LAN, Zigbee

    • L2 ETHERNET Switching

    • Routers

    • Converged IP Devices

    • Process Control Systems (Everything Is Becoming IP Enabled)

  • Equals(=)TENDRIL™ - a New Platform for:

    • Underground Mining Applications

      • Communications

      • Process Control

    • Vehicular Tunnel Communications


Tendril extends surface ip network
TENDRIL™ Extends Surface IP Network

  • To the Ore Body Itself

  • To “Smart Dust” (Sweet ZigPEA);

    • Disposable Sensors

    • Low-Cost Reusable Sensors

  • With Video

    • Traditional Analogue

    • IP Enabled Cameras

  • With other Apps such as:

    • Voice over IP (VoIP) Telephony

    • SCADA & Process Control

    • Third Party Technologies of Any Kind

    • Asset Tracking & Personnel Monitoring


Tendril in a nutshell
TENDRIL™ In a Nutshell

  • Three Types of Box

    • Tendril Head End (THE)

    • Tendril Intermediate Node (TIN)

    • Tendril End Point (TEP)

  • Box Interconnection

    • Leaky Coax

    • Conventional Coax

    • RF over Fibre (SMOF)

  • Result

    • TCP/IP (over ETHERNET) In

    • TCP/IP Interfaces Everywhere You Want

    • Radio, Copper, Fibre, IP Everwhere, and/or

    • Legacy Analogue


Tendril application concept
TENDRIL™ Application Concept

TENDRILTMIntermediateNode

TENDRILTMEndPoint

ConventionalUnderground2-Way RadioSystem

SMOFIndustrialETHERNET

Backbone

Tunnel Navigation Guidance System

  • Zigbee Programmable Environmental Agent S

  • (ZigPEAS) = Smart Dust, used for:

  • Temperature;

  • Humidity;

  • Gas (CO2, Methane, Oxygen etc.);

  • Movement detection (Accelerometers);

  • Disposable video cameras;

  • Location Markers;

  • Active RFID Tags.

TENDRILTMHeadEnd

Non Radiating Area

TENDRILTMIntermediateNode

PLC(Programmable)(Logic Controller)

ETHERNETModbus & DNP3 etc Process Control

Option of Multiple ‘Air’ Technologies to Loader at Ore Body including 802.11a & Microwave 10 GHz Using Horn or Patch Antennas for Video & Telemetry

SMOFIndustrialETHERNET

Backbone

SpecialLimitedCoverageArea

MonopoleAntenna

TENDRILTMEndPoint


What s in the tendril tm box overview
What’s in the TENDRILTM Box Overview

  • Pretty Well the Same for all 3 Boxes

    • Data-Air-Data Interfaces

    • Data Networking Systems (Switches, Routers)

    • RF Branching Systems

    • Power Supply

    • Terminal Codecs

    • Legacy Equipment (subject to…)

    • Antenna Terminations

    • Process Controllers (client dependent)


What s in the box tendril tm head end
What’s In the BoxTENDRILTM Head End

ClientPowerSupply

240 V AC

48 Volts

Power Supply

Cable MODEMTermination System

ClientData CommsSystems

Gbit/Sec ETHERNET

ETHERNETSwitch

TX

RX

Bias T

ZigPEA

Application

ClientApps 1

3rd Party

Application1

ClientApps 2

3rd Party

Application2

ClientApps N

3rd Party

ApplicationN

Optional 3rd PartyLegacy & Other Applications

Optional

TENDRILTM Head End Block Schematic


What s in the box tendril tm intermediate node

HybridSplitter/ Combiner

CCTV

ModBusPLC

What’s in the Box TENDRILTM Intermediate Node

48 Volts (Nom)

48 Volts (Nom)

Power Supply

TINIPI/F

ETHERNET Switch

Router

ExternalClientTCP/IPApps

Optional

Cable MODEM

ZigPEA

Apps(Opt)

WLAN

Apps(Opt)

TCP/IP Apps

Bias T

Bias T

TX

RX

Bias T

VideoCODEC

3rd Party RFApplications

VoIPCODEC

Optional 3rd PartyLegacy & Other Applications

OptionalNote also

Possible to usenormal coupler,splitter/combiner

components

TENDRILTM Intermediate Node Block Schematic


What s in the box tendril tm end point

HybridSplitter/ Combiner

CCTV

ModBusPLC

What’s in the Box TENDRILTM End Point

TENDRILTM End Point Block Schematic

48 Volts (Nom)

Power Supply

TINIPI/F

Spatial RFIllumination ofOre BodyOperational

Environment UsingAntennas

ETHERNET Switch

Router

ExternalClientTCP/IPApps

Optional

Cable MODEM

ZigPEA

Apps(Opt)

WLAN

Apps(Opt)

TCP/IP Apps

Bias T

TX

RX

VideoCODEC

VoIPCODEC

3rd Party RFApplications

OptionalNote also

Possible to usenormal coupler,splitter/combiner

components

Optional 3rd PartyLegacy & Other Applications


Manufacturing benefits
Manufacturing Benefits

  • Most Active Modules Exist;

    • Cable MODEM Termination Systems;

    • Cable MODEMs;

    • Power Supplies;

    • Routers, Switches (Ruggedcom, Garretcom etc);

  • Many Passive Modules Exist – Off-the-Shelf;

    • Filters;

    • Bias Tees;

    • Splitter Combiners;

    • Booster Amps;

    • Cable MODEM Systems – Well Proven Technology:

  • Development Platform for New Mining Products,

    • Low-Cost,

    • Mass Produced,

    • Disposable/ Reusable,

      • ZigPEAS;

        • Sensors,

        • RFID Tags etc.


Service benefits
Service Benefits

  • TENDRILTM Flagship for Add-on to Fibre Expertise in Mining Apps:

  • Basis for Management of Underground Telecommunications Environment for Mining Customers;

    • RF Spectrum Management,

    • Data Communications Management:

  • Addition of 3rd Party Communications Products;

    • Radio Systems (suggest to be a known problem),

    • Data Systems,

    • 3rd Party Peripheral Devices.


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