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ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT. Võ Quang Khải Trần Nguyên Phúc Trần Nguyễn Quỳnh Khanh Nhữ Duy Tùng 5) Lê Trung Hoàng Quân. Key points. Basic and usual measures of economics Human Development Index Millennium Development Goals of UN Achievements of Vietnam compare to those goals.

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Economic development

ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

VõQuangKhải

TrầnNguyênPhúc

TrầnNguyễnQuỳnhKhanh

NhữDuyTùng

5) LêTrungHoàngQuân


Key points
Key points

  • Basic and usual measures of economics

  • Human Development Index

  • Millennium Development Goals of UN

  • Achievements of Vietnam compare to those goals


Basic measures of an economic
Basic measures of an economic

  • Gross Domestic Production (GDP)

  • Gross Domestic Production per capita

  • Gross National Income (GNI)

  • Economic Structure


GDP

GDP growth rate of Vietnam



Gross national income
Gross National Income

Vietnam : $ 44.5 bil.



The development, should be thought also in term of people’s health, education, housing conditions, security, civil rights and so on.

But it’s not enough !!!!

Ah ha….couldn’t agree more with you Mr.Dzung!!!!


Human development index hdi
Human Development Index (HDI)

  • Was established by United Nations Development Program (UNDP)

  • Including three dimensions of human welfare:

  • Income (GDP)

  • Education ( tỉlệbiếtchữ, tỉlệđihọc)

  • Health ( average year of life)

    How to calculate HDI ? Will discuss at the end of the class


Hdi of vietnam
HDI of Vietnam

  • Vietnam HDI in 2008is 0.572, number 113 on 169 countries counted.

  • Who has the highest HDI ????

    NORWAY!!!!!!!!


Un millennium goal
UN MILLENNIUM GOAL

  • Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger

  • Achieve universal primary education

  • Promote gender equality and empower women

  • Reduce child mortality

  • Improve maternal health

  • Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases

  • Ensure environmental sustainability

  • Develop global partnerships for development


Have vietnam achieved the millennium goal

HAVE VIETNAM ACHIEVED THE MILLENNIUM GOAL ???


Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger

ACHIEVEMENT

  • Poverty: 1990-2008: decrease 75%

  • Hunger: 1993-2008: decrease 2/3

CHALLENGE

  • Minority still live under poverty standard

  • New form of poverty

  • Complex solution to solve poverty that involve not only family income but also monetary policy


Achieve universal primary education
Achieve universal primary education

ACHIEVEMENT

  • In 2009:

    -Number of children register for primary education: 97%

    -Number of children finish 5 year primary education: 88.5%

  • Smaller education gaps between rural and central area

CHALLENGE

  • Budget and investment in education still make no significant improvement in enhancing the education system


Promote gender equality and empower women
Promote gender equality and empower women

CHALLENGE

  • Gender discrimination

  • Career Opportunities

  • Violence

ACHIEVEMENT

  • Create equal opportunity for both male and female to achieve primary and secondary education

    Ex: Proportion of female student in:

    -Primary education: 48.2%

    -Secondary education: 49.1%

  • Percentage of women in government: 25.8%


Reduce child mortality
Reduce child mortality

ACHIEVEMENT

  • 1990-2006: child mortality decreases 50%

CHALLENGE

  • Education about child and health care


Improve maternal health
Improve maternal health

CHALLENGE

  • There are signs that MMR increases again from 2006-2009

ACHIEVEMENT

  • 1990-2009: Maternal Mortality rate (MMR) decreases from 233 to 69 among 100000 cases

  • Improvement in education for young parents about family program, laws and regulation, mother & child care program


Combat hiv aids malaria and other diseases
Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases

CHALLENGE

  • HIV infection rate still increase

  • Need more laws and policy and plan to control HIV

ACHIVEMENT

  • HIV infected in 2010 is 0.28% of population

  • Improvement in treatment center and virus control service (cover 53,7% in total urban area)

  • Successfully prevent SARS, H5N1 and H1N1


Ensure environmental sustainability
Ensure environmental sustainability

ACHIEVEMENT

  • Forest coverage: increase from 27,8% (1990) to 40% (2010)

  • 83% of people in rural area have fresh water

  • Education about environment

CHALLENGE

  • Fresh water problem

  • Climate Change


Develop global partnerships for development
Develop global partnerships for development

ACHIEVEMENT

  • Join WTO

  • Cooperation with ASEAN countries

  • Make use of FDI and ODA from EU US and Japan

CHALLENGE

  • Create more opportunities for cooperation with countries around the world

  • Trade balance


HEADING TO THE FUTURE


Economic development goal of vietnam 2011 2020
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT GOAL OF VIETNAM 2011-2020

  • Generally reach high level in HDI

  • Stabilize population growth at 1.1%

  • Average Life Expectancy: 75

  • Reduction in extreme poverty: 2% - 3% /year

  • Enhancing education system

  • Preserve and bring Vietnamese culture to the world

  • Ensure every citizen understand and follow the laws

ECONOMY

  • Increase forest coverage to 45%

  • Ensure adequate fresh water supply for agriculture and people’s living

  • All manufacturing firm must install chemical treatment technology

  • Growth in GDP per capita: 7% - 8%, around 3000 – 3200 USD

  • Stabilize macroeconomic with controlled inflation and unemployment rate

  • Re-arrange economics sector with 85% GDP comes from Industrial and Service sector

  • Urbanization growth over 45%

PEOPLE & SOCIETY

ENVIROMENT


Summary
Summary

To estimate exactly the economic development, we need to base on at least these criteria:

Education

Health

Income

HDI is a good indicator to estimate the economic development


If you need some AK47 to shut US up…just tell us (joking haha!!!)

Vietnam is developing fast and reaching goals of UN. Though there are still many challenges but we are on the right way.

Yeah yeah….glad to see you guys don’t fall like the Soviet Union! Way to go my friend


Reference

Wikipedia

General statistic Office

Unicef

Nation Master

Google

REFERENCE


Thank you for your attention


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