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The Department of Home Affairs and the National Development Plan 21 May 2013

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Presentation to Portfolio Committee. The Department of Home Affairs and the National Development Plan 21 May 2013. Presentation Outline Background to the National Development Plan (NDP) Key strategic objectives of the National Development Plan 6 Pillars of the National Development Plan 2030

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Presentation Transcript
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Presentation to Portfolio Committee

The Department of Home Affairs and the National Development Plan

21 May 2013

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Presentation Outline

Background to the National Development Plan (NDP)

Key strategic objectives of the National Development Plan

6 Pillars of the National Development Plan 2030

Key targets of the National Development Plan

The mandate of the DHA in supports of the NDP 2030

Approach to Implementation

Implications of the National Development Plan for DHA

Strategic Targets in Support of the National Development Plan

Way Forward

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Background to the National Development Plan 2030

  • The National Development Plan (NDP) 2030 is built around a vision for South Africa and a clear national agenda of boosting growth, eliminating poverty and reducing inequality.
  • The NDP provides a broad strategic framework to put the economy and society on a new trajectory.
  • There must be consensus on the priorities, key programmes and roles and responsibilities of government, business, labour and civic organisations.
  • The NDP points out that while government will play a significant role, all sectors of society are called upon to make the plan a reality.
  • The 2014 budget will mark the beginning of a process through which government departments and agencies will align their planning and expenditure to the NDP
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Background to the National Development Plan 2030 (cont.)

  • The goals of the NDP have been part of the strategic planning and budgetary processes for 20 years, but service delivery has fallen short due to lack of effective planning, inadequate state capacity and unclear lines of responsibility.
  • A large part of the NDP is therefore about proper planning, building public sector capacity and enhanced accountability chains.
  • The next MTSF will identify the NDP priority objectives and actions over the next five year term of government.
  • These priorities will be reflected in departmental strategic plans with key actions set out in the annual performance plans.
  • Executive authorities and parliament will hold departments and ministers accountable for meeting these objectives.
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Key strategic thrusts of the National Development Plan:

  • Eliminating poverty – key strategy: create jobs for more people through robust growth.
  • Reducing inequality – Key strategy: mainly through improve quality of education and training ,especially for Black people
  • Key targets of the 2030 Plan:
  • By 2030, the number of households living below R418 per month per person (2009 rand value) should fall from 39% to 0 – the eradication of extreme poverty.
  • Level of inequality as measured by the Gini co-efficient should fall from 0.7 in 2009 to 0.6 in 2030 (ratio between top 20% and bottom 20%) – South Africa is probably the most unequal country globally.
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6 Pillars of the National Development Plan 2030

The objectives of the plan are the elimination of poverty and the reduction of inequality through:

Uniting South Africans of all races and classes around a common programme to eliminate poverty and reduce inequality.

Encourage citizens to be active in their own development, in strengthening democracy and in holding their government accountable.

Raising economic growth, promoting exports and making the economy more labour absorbing.

Focusing on key capabilities of both people and the country. Capabilities include skills, infrastructure, social security, strong institutions and partnerships both within the country and with key international partners.

Building a capable and developmental state.

Strong leadership throughout society that work together to solve our problems.

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Key targets of the National Development Plan 2030

  • Employment: 13 million in 2010 to 24 million in 2030.
  • Raise income from R50 000 a person to R120 000.
  • Increase the quality of education so that all children have at least two years of preschool education and all children in grade 6 can read, write and count.
  • Establish a competitive base of infrastructure, human resources and regulatory frameworks.
  • Reduce poverty and inequality by raising employment, bolstering productivity and incomes, and broadening the social wage.
  • Ensure that professional and managerial posts better reflect the country’s demography.
  • Broaden ownership to historically disadvantaged groups.
  • Provide quality health care while promoting health and well-being.
  • Establish effective, affordable public transport.
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Key targets of the National Development Plan 2030 (continued)

  • Produce sufficient energy at competitive prices, ensuring access for the poor, while reducing CO2 per unit of power.
  • Ensure that all people have access to clean running water in their homes.
  • Make high-speed broadband internet available to all at competitive prices.
  • Realise a food trade surplus, with one-third produced by small-scale farmers or households.
  • Entrench a social security system covering all working people, with social protection for the poor and other groups in need, such as children and disabled persons.
  • Realise a developmental, capable and ethical state that treats citizens with dignity.
  • Ensure that all people live safely, with an independent and fair criminal justice system.
  • Broaden social cohesion and unity by making use of the talents and resources of all South Africans, while taking firm steps to redress past inequities.
  • Play a leading role in continental development, economic integration and human rights.
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Approach to Implementation

Integration of NDP proposals in dept implementation plans

The NPC working with DPME – through existing channels - will advise departments, provinces, and local government on integrating the NDP proposals into their implementation plans.

Proposals will also be included in the Medium Term Strategic Framework (5 year plan) from 2014 onwards

Transformation zone i.e. the interaction between government implementation, contribution of social partners, and lessons from pilots will bring about change. Growing this will build trust between key players and increase investor confidence

Piloting new proposals & feeding lessons into policy process

Private sector & civil society identify aspects to get involved in

The private sector, corporate foundations, labour movement, NGOs., the media and religious bodies will be mobilised to play an active role in the implementation of the NDP

Working with government & other social partners, the NPC will undertake piloting to test proposals, demonstrate effect & feedback into policy process

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Mandate of the DHA in Support of the National Development Plan 2030

  • Thirdly, the identity, civil registration and immigration systems of the DHA are key enablers of access to rights and services and the efficient and secure functioning of the state and civil society.
    • One of the pillars of the NDP is the building of a capable state that can play a decisive role in development and in the reduction of poverty.
    • The DHA has embarked on a large-scale modernisation programme that will put in place secure, integrated identity and immigration systems. This is a key enabler for the state to deliver services to all citizens and foreign residents more efficiently and securely at lower costs
    • Social cohesion and nation building is promoted through providing the same services to all citizens through over 400 service points; and through involving the community in government, through structures such as stakeholder forums.
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The mandate of the DHA in supports of the National Development Plan 2030

  • Through its core mandate the DHA is connected to every citizen and to all foreign nationals that have entered South Africa or have applied to enter.
  • In the first instance, through its civil registration and status determination mandate the DHA confers citizenship and hence status and rights. To fulfil this role it must capture critical events in our lives: our birth, marriage and death and the birth of our children and protect the unique identity of every individual.
  • Secondly, the DHA plays a crucial role in our integration into the global community by enabling our citizens to travel abroad and by regulating and facilitating immigration.
    • Only the DHA is mandated to authorise the entry or exit of persons into South Africa. It is responsible for asylum seekers and refugees; enforcement of the immigration laws: and for the consulate function in foreign missions.
    • The NDP emphasises the importance of immigration in domestic and regional development and the role of the DHA in facilitating immigration and the movement of persons across borders.
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Implications of the National Development Plan 2030 for the DHA

  • Build a capable and developmental state
  • Securing the identity and citizenship of citizens
    • State must have the capacity to lead development and drive national agenda as set out in the 12 priorities of government and the NDP. In this regard, the DHA can contribute significantly to the need to be safe and feel safe; create decent employment through growing the economy; build a strong economic infrastructure network; and contribute to a better and safer Africa and World.
  • Improving service delivery
    • The DHA will use its modernisation programme to build on the advances made in improving efficiencies and improvement of turnaround times for key enabling documents
    • The DHA, through its Learning Academy, is investing in human capital to drive the transformation agenda of government
    • Provide access to of adequate services
    • Introducing Information Technology solutions
      • The DHA Modernisation programme which will have far reaching positive implications for government, business and the DHA.
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Implications of the National Development Plan 2030 for DHA (cont.)

  • Build a capable and developmental state
  • Professionalising the public service
    • The DHA can contribute significantly to a professional public service through effective human resource management and the Learning Academy supported by the various leadership and development courses on offer to all staff
    • Recruiting the right cadre of manager and staff with the right values and skills and capabilities
    • Creation of adequate pool of managers for a single public service.
    • Effective performance management
  • Strengthening delegation and accountability
    • The DHA is rolling out delegation of powers supported by effective capacity building and systems as well as enhancing accountability through proper governance, proper implementation strategies / plans, risk management and monitoring.
    • The DHA is minimising the scope for fraud and corruption by ensuring financial systems (e.g. procurement related) are in place and managed properly as well as secure business processes and systems
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Implications of the National Development Plan 2030 for DHA

  • Facilitate faster and more inclusive economic growth
  • Need for immigration and refugee policies, legislation and systems / processes which will address national priorities and maximise benefits and reduce risks to the country. An example is some kind of permit to enable labour flows within SADC to be managed.
  • Some of the issues proposed in the NDP are:
    • Improving data collection, coordination and analysis as a matter of urgency.
    • Easing the entry of skilled migrants.
    • Countering xenophobia by conducting sustained campaigns.
    • Effectively addressing the rights and vulnerabilities of migrants and addressing their specific needs.
    • Introducing support programmes to regularise migrant residence.
    • Ensuring better and more consistent law enforcement (by protecting victims and prosecuting perpetrators).
    • Strengthening transnational infrastructure (transport, electronic communications, banking services).
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Implications of the National Development Plan 2030 for DHA

  • Facilitate faster and more inclusive economic growth
  • Ensure the secure, effective and efficient mass transit of people and goods across land, sea and air borders to contribute towards the security and development of South Africa.
    • Efficient and secure ports of entry reduce the cost of doing business, encourage trade and enable regional development. This will be one of the main goals of the Border Management Agency.
    • The NDP calls for a Southern African Development Community (SADC) visa to boost tourism and this requires secure and well-managed borders.
    • The modernisation programme of the DHA provides for trusted traveller programmes to attract visitors and facilitate their secure entry and exit rapidly. This can be linked to the development of SADC and relations with key international partners such as Brazil, Russia, India and China (BRICS). The DHA will thus contribute to security, stability and reducing levels of corruption.
  • Focus on trade presentation and diplomatic presence in fast growing markets (Asia, Brazil and Africa); as well as implement a focused regional integration strategy with an emphasis on reducing red tape, corruption and delays.
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Implications of the National Development Plan 2030 for DHA

  • Fighting corruption and enhancing accountability
    • Implementation of the DHA Counter Corruption strategy with specific emphasis on deterrence, prevention, analysis and education
    • Strengthen the role of the DHA in the multi-agency anti corruption system
    • Dealing efficiently and effectively with cases of misconduct and ill discipline to ensure high ethical standards and a zero tolerance towards corruption
    • Strengthen accountability and responsibility of public servants by enhancing accountability for actions taken, particularly in matters involving public resources
    • Improve oversight over public entities.
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Implications of the National Development Plan 2030 for DHA

  • Transforming society and uniting the nation
    • The DHA’s identity and immigration systems are critical enablers of nation-building development, stability, cheaper government, lower costs of doing business, access to rights – all of these are linked and relates closely to the DHA Modernisation programme, professionalization of the public service, etc.
    • The identity systems are a key element of reducing poverty, ensuring access to basic rights and growing the economy
    • Achieving and protecting a comprehensive, reliable National Population Register (NPR) is key to securing the identity and citizenship of citizens. The whole value chain must be secured by appropriate systems managed by a patriotic, professional staff that is supported by an aware public and the whole of government
    • The management of immigration, to a greater extent than is the case with civics, is dependent on a whole of government approach and the level of management of the state as a whole at the levels of policy, strategy and operationally
    • The DHA needs to modernize its systems and processes through the appropriate use of information technology in order to overcome its service delivery and security challenges and fully deliver against its mandate.
    • The initiatives implemented by the DHA have already contributed significantly to support equity issues (race, gender and disability)
    • The DHA will make use of Campaigns to deliver effectively against its mandate, both for the civics and immigration environment
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Way Forward

  • As indicated earlier in presentation, the NPC working with DPME – through existing channels - will advise departments, provinces, and local government on integrating the NDP proposals into their implementation plans.
  • Proposals will also be included in the Medium Term Strategic Framework (5 year plan) from 2014 onwards.
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