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SADC and the Fight Against Terrorism. Anneli Botha Senior Researcher: Terrorism. Levels of Cooperation. Requirements. International - United Nations. Regional / Continent. African Union. Sub-Regional. SADC / IGAD. National. Implementation. Counter-Terrorism efforts in SADC.

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Sadc and the fight against terrorism

SADC and the Fight Against Terrorism

Anneli Botha

Senior Researcher: Terrorism


Levels of cooperation
Levels of Cooperation

Requirements

International - United Nations

Regional / Continent

African Union

Sub-Regional

SADC / IGAD

National

Implementation


Counter terrorism efforts in sadc
Counter-Terrorism efforts in SADC

  • SADC Counter-Terrorism initiatives?

  • Mission statement of SADC - “Promote and defend peace and security”

  • Terrorism and related issues regarded as sensitive

  • Perception exists that SADC countries are excluded from the threat presented by terrorism


Sadc status international conventions
SADC Status: International Conventions

  • Emphasis needed - SADC part of a global strategy = parties to international conventions

    - Parties = 64% / Non-parties = 36%

  • UN reaffirmed the role of regional & sub-regional structures

  • Focus on the AU Convention on the Prevention and Combating of Terrorism

  • Blue - Ratified / Red - Signed


Sadc status sadc protocols
SADC Status: SADC Protocols

  • No specific operational & coordination mechanism dealing with terrorism

  • Focus is rather on transnational organized crime

  • Protocol on Politics, Defense and Security Cooperation = SADC Organ on Politics, Defense and Security Cooperation




Other initiatives
Other Initiatives

  • SADC Inter-State Defense and Security Committee tasked with the development of a plan of action and legal instruments (Dec 2001)

    - Threat perception

    - Sub-regional coordination

    - Legislation?

    - Understanding vulnerabilities = information?

  • SARPCCO: Anti-Terrorism Unit (2002) / Terrorism Early Warning Centre

    - Intelligence sharing

  • Anti-Terrorism training courses


Future success of counter terrorism efforts
Future Success of Counter-Terrorism Efforts

  • Terrorism is not regarded as a serious threat to stability?

    = SADC not excluded from international community

  • Political Will versus Implementation

    - Relationship between SADC and SARPCCO

  • Technical support needed

  • Holistic approach required - Not sole responsibility of police and security forces


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