# PROPERTIES & SHAPES - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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PROPERTIES & SHAPES. Nicole Garcia 10-10271 Gustavo Cadenas 11-10138. CONTENTS. Introduction : Form. S hapes : Platonic Shapes Non-Platonic Shapes in Buildings and Structures?. Properties: Rhythm Silhouette Symbol Conclusion.

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PROPERTIES & SHAPES

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PROPERTIES & SHAPES

Nicole Garcia 10-10271

CONTENTS

• Introduction:

• Form

• Shapes:

• Platonic Shapes

• Non-Platonic Shapes

• in Buildings and Structures?

• Properties:

• Rhythm

• Silhouette

• Symbol

• Conclusion

“Architecture is the learned game, correct and magnificent, of forms assembled in the light.”

### Le Corbusier

What does form mean?

• refers to the shape or configuration of a building

• Opposite: space  reciprocal relationship is essential (provide internal sheltered space for human occupation)

• one of the primary elements of architecture.

• the placement in relation to its immediate site and neighboring buildings

• exterior space can be defined

• considerations in order to analyze or design an architectural form: shape, mass / size, scale, proportion, rhythm, articulation, texture, color, and light.

What is a shape?

• configuration of surfaces and edges of a two- or three-dimensional object

• perceived by contour or silhouette, rather than by detail.

• Primary shapes, the circle, triangle, and square  generate volumes known as "platonic solids.”

### Platonic solids

Circle

Sphere & cylinder

Triangle

Cone & Pyramid

Square forms

Cube

### Non-platonic forms

• Non-platonic forms Volumetric shapes contain both solids and voids, or exteriors and interiors.

### Can you find shapes in Buildings and Structures?

• Combinations establish the basis for most architectural shapes and forms.

Parthenon – Golden Section

Japanese Gallery House -Shigeru Fuse Architects

In Structure

Eastern Bridge, Columbia River, Oregon

### Properties

Any architectural shape has 3 properties : rhythm, silhouette and symbol.

The rhythm property indicates the range of complexity

The silhouette property is that of the outer form

The symbol property concerns to the design of the openings

“We shape our buildings; thereafter they shape us”

### References

• http://www.heldermann-verlag.de/jgg/jgg01_05/jgg0503.pdf

• http://www.math-kitecture.com/geometry.htm

• http://www.wbdg.org/resources/form.php

• http://www.yale.edu/ynhti/curriculum/units/1983/1/83.01.07.x.html

• http://www.mississippiheritage.com/curriculum/MHT%20Curriculum%20_%2014%20Exercise%206.pdf