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islam. Means: “Submission to god”. Founded by Muhammed , born c. 570 AD Raised by uncle, worked in a store At age 40, has dreams and the angel Gabriel appears to him at Mecca. Gabriel says he has been chosen by God to be his prophet.

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means submission to god
Means: “Submission to god”
  • Founded by Muhammed, born c. 570 AD
  • Raised by uncle, worked in a store
  • At age 40, has dreams and the angel Gabriel appears to him at Mecca
slide3

Gabriel says he has been chosen by God to be his prophet.

  • Continues to give him revelations, the basis for the Koran.
  • Develops a few followers, but his message of one God, Allah, and of helping those less fortunate alienates people
slide4

An assassination attempt causes him to flee to Medina.

  • A war develops between his followers in Medina and an army from Mecca. His group wins, and they return to Mecca.
  • He says no further “jihads.”
    • Dies in 632
slide5

He didn’t claim to be a messiah, just a prophet sent by God to complete (and correct) God’s message.

    • The “people of the book”—Christians whom Satan has caused to misunderstand the revelations from God
things to remember
Things to remember
  • All Muslims are not Arabs.
  • All Muslims are not terrorists.
  • Split in the religion over who should lead Islam:
    • Shi’ites: claimed Muhammed’s descendants should
      • They are the minority (15%) and the group from which the fringe terrorists come (like bin Laden)
    • Sunni: The community should pick their religious leaders
      • Majority (85%)
crash course on islam
Crash course on islam
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TpcbfxtdoI8
5 pillars
5 pillars
  • Daily Prayer-5 times a day
  • Profession of Faith - “There is no god but Allah and Muhammed is his prophet”
  • Fasting (Ramadan)
  • Alms giving (to the poor)
  • Hajj—pilgrimage to Mecca
bellwork
Bellwork:
  • Grab a sheet from box
  • Fill in Notebook:
    • P. 16 Middle East conflict 9/3
  • Answer this question:
    • What do these 3 religions (Judaism, Christianity, Islam) have in common? (name more than 1 thing)
history in 11 minutes
History in 11 minutes:
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_ZY8m0cm1oY
why the hatred and violence
Why the hatred and violence?
  • http://www.prageruniversity.com/Political-Science/The-Middle-East-Problem.html#.Uh9VL9KkolQ
what s there
What’s there
  • The place where Abraham took Isaac to sacrifice
  • The temple (built by Solomon)
    • The Western Wall
    • Site of Jesus’ crucifixion and resurrection
      • An important Christian church, the Church of the Holy Sepulchre
    • Place where Muhammed ascended to heaven to speak to God
      • Dome of the Rock and the al-Aqsa Mosque
even today
Even today:
  • http://www.jpost.com/National-News/Jerusalem-A-city-divided-312432
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