Byzantines russians and turks interact empires in east asia
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Byzantines, Russians, and Turks Interact/empires in east asia. A New Rome, A New Setting. Byzantine Empire (Eastern Roman Empire) Justinian was leader who re-unified western and eastern Rome Established the Justinian Code(law code) to guide society Rebuilt Constantinople

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Byzantines, Russians, and Turks Interact/empires in east asia

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Byzantines, Russians, and Turks Interact/empires in east asia


A New Rome, A New Setting

  • Byzantine Empire (Eastern Roman Empire)

  • Justinian was leader who re-unified western and eastern Rome

  • Established the Justinian Code(law code) to guide society

  • Rebuilt Constantinople

    • Built churches, palaces, roads, schools, hospitals

    • Became a booming city of the day


What happened to the “new” Roman Empire?

  • Justinian died

  • Plague hit the empire

    • At the worst, 10,000 were dying every day

  • Faced constant attacks from foreign enemies

    • Held back many attacks

    • Finally fell to Ottoman Turks in 1453


How was Russia “born?”

  • Viking and Slavs united to create a settlement in Russia’s first important city, Novgorod

  • Kiev was soon settled and was used as a point of trade to distant lands

  • Vikings and Slavs began to intermarry and the line between the two vanished

  • Kiev’s power continued to grow for the next fifty years, however a steady decline began in 1054 that would lead to Kiev’s downfall


The Mongol Invasions

  • Middle 1200s, Mongols arrived in Russia

  • Nomads, led by Genghis Khan, one of the most feared warriors of all time

  • Used brutal warfare-savage killing & burning of land

  • Arrived in Kiev in 1240

    • destroyed city

  • Mongols were tolerant of Russian customs and traditions

    • Had to pay tribute

    • Had to obey laws


How did Russia become free?

  • Moscow founded in 1100s

  • Located near three major rivers

  • Ivan I, earned his way into Mongol leadership

  • Future generations schemed to take on more power

    • Ivan III openly challenged the Mongols

    • 1480 final break was made


The Tang Dynasty Expands China

  • Ruled for nearly 300 years

  • Begun by Tang Taizong

  • Empire expanded

    • Reconquered lost lands

    • Extended influence over Korea

    • Stronger central government

    • Improved roads

    • Civil service system

  • Empire eventually became difficult to control

    • Internal rebellions

    • Outside attacks


General named Taizu reunited China and declared himself first emperor of the Song Dynasty

Empire was smaller, but more stable and powerful

China’s Song Dynasty


Prosperous China

  • Science

    • Moveable type

    • Gun powder

    • Explosive weapons

  • Agriculture

    • Improved cultivation of rice

  • Trade

    • Flourished

      • Silk road

      • Port cities

  • Poetry and Art

    • Great poetry


Large Gentry (upper class)

Urban middle class

Laborers, soldiers, servants

Women were subservient to men

Chinese Social Classes


Who were the Mongols?

  • Nomads

  • Originally from steppes of Eurasia

  • United under Genghis Khan

    • Led for 21 years

    • Brilliant organizer

    • Gifted strategist

    • Used cruelty as a weapon

    • Conquered much of Asia, beginning with China


Mongol Rule in China

  • Kept separate identity

    • Lived apart from Chinese

    • Obeyed different laws

    • Kept Chinese out of government offices

  • Foreign trade increased

    • Silk Road

    • Port Cities


Venetian trader

Traveled along Silk Road

Loyal to Mongols in China

Marco Polo


Why did Mongol Rule in China end?

  • Armies and navies suffered defeat

  • Spent too much on wars, public works and luxuries

  • Rebellion broke out and Mongols overthrown


Geography of Southeast Asia

  • Warm, humid tropics

  • Heavy, seasonal rains

  • Seas and straits

  • Mountains, which made transportation and communication difficult


Growth of Japanese Civilization

  • First mention of Japan in 1st century BC

  • Japan was not united at this time

  • Many different clans

  • Early religion was Shinto

    • Way of the Gods

  • First led by Yamato Clan


Buddhism arrived in Japan mid-700s

Borrowed most culture from China

Food

Arts

System of government

Japanese Culture


Feudalism in Japan

  • Small landowners traded parts of their land to strong warlords in exchange for protection

  • Lords surrounded themselves with samurai for protection

    • Valued fairness, reverence to gods and generosity


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