A cylindrical model of contraction of left ventricle of the heart
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A cylindrical model of contraction of left ventricle of the heart. Syomin F.A., Tsaturyan A.K. Institute of Mechanics, Lomonosov Moscow State University. C ardiac tissue as elastic continuum. Assumed deformations of the ventricle. D λ H⋅ R/r. λ H. H. ρ r In. r In.

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A cylindrical model of contraction of left ventricle of the heart

A cylindrical model of contraction of left ventricle of the heart

Syomin F.A., Tsaturyan A.K.

Institute of Mechanics, Lomonosov Moscow State University


C ardiac tissue as elastic continuum
C heartardiac tissue as elastic continuum


Assumed deformations of the ventricle
Assumed deformations of the ventricle heart

DλH⋅ R/r

λH

H

ρrIn

rIn


F iber orientation within the ventricle wall
F heartiber orientation within the ventricle wall

α(r)




Windkesse l model for hemodynamic processes
Windkesse heartl model for hemodynamic processes

Ri, Li

LV

Pa, C

Qin

P0

Pv

Rper


Computational modeling
Computational modeling heart

V, mL

P0, mm Hg

Pa, mm Hg


λ heart

ρ

D*z


L, heartμm

rIn

rIn + 0.5*(rOut- rIn)

L, μm

rOut


R adial distribution of sarcomere lengths
R heartadial distribution of sarcomere lengths

L, μm

L, μm

r, cm

t, s

r, cm

t, s

1.706

2.39

1.61

2.51


Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy heart

V, mL

2x

2x

F

P0, mm Hg

Pa, mm Hg


λ heart

ρ

D*z


Dilated cardiomyopathy
Dilated cardiomyopathy heart

V, mL

1.2x

2x

1.5x

vmax

V0

P0, mm Hg

Pa, mm Hg


λ heart

ρ

D*z


Summary
Summary heart

A kinetic model of cardiac muscle was used to simulate contraction of the left ventricle using a cylindrical approximation of its shape.

  • Computational results are in good agreement with the time course of hemodynamic and geometrical parameters during a heart beat.

  • The model shows the importance of the change in fiber orientation within the ventricle wall. The ventricle twist leads to more uniform distribution of sarcomere length.

  • The model confirms that the changes in ventricle geometry found in hearts with hypertrophic and dilated cardiomyopathies result in the maintenance of the stroke volume in spite of decreased contractile force or shortening velocity, respectively.


Syomin fyodor institute of mechanics lomonosov moscow state university san@aviel ru
Syomin heart FyodorInstitute of Mechanics, Lomonosov Moscow State [email protected]


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